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The Bard himself, from his Elyfian bowers,
saw the execution of Charles the First from the Countess of Peterborough's house near Whitehall: he swooned away, and, being carried to his bed, is said to have prophesied what happened in England ever since.
"Oliver Cromwell, out of an humble re* "spect to the memory of so learned and pious "a champion of the Protestant cause as this "learned Prelate, issued an order to the Com"missioners of the Treasury for two hundred "pounds, to defray the expences of his "funeral."—From a MS. Letter in the Bodleian Library.
HENRY MARTIN, Esc*.
said, during the Civil War between Charles the First and his Parliament, " If his Majesty were "to take advice of his gunsmiths and of his "powder-men, he would never have Peace."
When he drew up the Remonstrance of the Parliament, in which it is called a Commonwealth, he said in one part of it, " restored to ** its ancient Government of Commonwealth." Sir Henry Vane stood up and reprimanded him, and wondered at his impudence in affirming such a notorious lie. He made the motion to call those persons to account, and to turn them out of the House of Commons as enemies to their country and betrayers of the Commonwealth of England, who addressed Richard Cromwell, and promised to stand by him with their lives and fortunes.
This decided Republican gave the completest testimony that ever was given to the excellence of the character of Charles the First, when he said, in the debate upon King or no King, in 1649, after tne execution of Charles, that ** if they must have a King, he had rather "have the last than any Gentleman in Eng« land."
HENRY MARTIN, ESQ. 465
** This viper," fays Wood in his Athenæ, n which had been fostered in the bosom of Par** liament, was against the Parliament itself, and ** against all Magistrates, like a second Wat "Tyler, all Pen and Inkhorn Men must down. "This his levelling doctrine is contained in "a Pamphlet, called * England's Troubles ** * Troubled,' wherein all rich men whatsoever "are declared enemies to the mean men of Eng"land, and in esfect war denounced against them. "Besides all this, he being a Colonel, plundered "so much wherever he came, that he was com"monly called the Plunder Master General *.
"Soon after the Restoration, after one or two "removes from prison to prison, he was sent to "Chepstowe Castle in Monmouthshire, where "he continued another twenty years, not in "wantonness, riotousness, and villainy, but in "confinement, and repentance if he had pleased. "Some time before he died he made this Epitaph "by way of Acrostic on himself:
*1 Here or elsewhere (all's one to you or me),
* Abbe Sieves was asked, when he thought the Revolution in France would end: he replied, in a verse of the Magnificat, "When the Hungry are filled with good things, and the "Rich are sent empty away."
VOL. I. H H « My
"My life was worn with serving you and you,
Atheu. Oxen. Vol. ii. page 494 & 495.
"Henry Martin," adds Wood, " became a "Gentleman Commoner of University College, "Oxon, at the age of 15 years, in 1617, where "and in public giving a manifestation of his preg"nant parts, he had the degree of Batchelor of "Arts conferred upon him in the latter end of "1619."
He was a striking instance of the truth of Roger Ascham's observation: " Commonlie," says he, " men very quick of wit, be very light "of conditions. In youth they be readie scof"fers, privie mockers, and ever over-light and "merrie. In age they are testie, very waspish, "and alwaies over miserable: and yet few of "them come to any great age, by reason of their "miserable life when young; but a greate deal "fewer of them come to shew any great counte"nance, or beare any great authority abroade "in the world, but either live obscurely men "wot not how, or dye obscurely men mark not « when."
used to say, that evil Government was like a tempest, which may throw down a tree, here and there a fruitful tree; but Civil War, or Anarchy, like a deluge, would sweep all away before them.
"The Papacy," said he, " is the Ghost of "the deceased Roman Empire, sitting crowned "upon the grave. It is a shuttle-cock kept up "by the difference between Princes.
"Ambitious men wade through the blood of "other persons to their own power.
"Words are the counters of wife men, they "do but reckon by them; but they are the "money of fools, that value them by the au« "thority of Cicero, Aristotle, and Thomas "Aquinas."
END OF THE FIRST VOLUME.