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"laded their musquets withal, either powder "before bullet, or bullet before powder, had not ** the maid-servants (valiant beyond their sex) "assisted them, and done that service for them; "lastly, now, when the rebels had brought pe"tarrs, and applied them to the garden-doors, "(which, if forced, opened a free passage to the "castle,) and balls of wild-fire to throw in at "their broken windows, and all hopes of keep"ing the castle was taken away; now, and not "till now, did the besieged found a parley. And "though in their Diurnals at London they have "told the world that they offered threescore "thousand pounds to redeem themselves and the "castle, and that it was refused, yet few men take "themselves to be bound anything the more to "believe it because they report it. I would "Master Case would leave preaching treason, and "instruct his disciples to put away lying, and "speak every man truth of his neighbour. Cer"tainly the world would not be so abused with "untruths as they now are; amongst which "number this report was one: for if they in the "castle offered so liberally, how came the rebels ** to agree upon articles of surrender so far be"neath that overture? for the Articles of Sur"render were these:
"First, that the Ladies and all others in the ** castle mould have quarter.
"Secondly, That the Ladies and servants "should carry away all their wearing-apparel; ** and that six of the serving men, whom the "Ladies should nominate, should attend upon "their persons wheresoever the rebels should "dispose of them.
"Thirdly, that all the furniture and goods "in the house should be safe from plunder; and "to this purpose one of the six nominated to "attend the ladies, was to stay in the castle, and "take an inventory of all in the house; of which "the Commanders were to have one copy, and "the Ladies another.
"But being on these terms masters of the "castle and all within it, 'tis true they observed "the first article, and spared the lives of all the "besieged, though they had flain in the defence "at least sixty of the Rebels. But for the other "two, they observed them not in any part. As "soon as they entered the castle, they first seized "upon the several trunks and packs which they "of the castle were making up, and left neither "the Ladies nor servants any other wearing"clothes but what was on their backs.
"There was in the castle, amongst many rich "ones, one extraordinary chimney-piece, valued "at two thousand pounds; this they utterly de
"faced, "saced, and beat down all the carved works "thereof with their pole-axes. There were "likewise rare pictures, the work of the most "curious pencils that were known to these latter "times of the world, and such that Apelles him"self (had he been alive) need not blush to own "for his. These in a wild fury'they break and "tear to pieces; a loss that neither cost nor art "can repair.
"Having thus given them a taste what per"formance of articles they were to expect from "them, they barbarously lead the Ladies, and "the young Lady's children, two sons and a "daughter, prisoners to Shaftesbury, some four "or five miles from Wardour *.
"While they were prisoners, to mitigate their "sorrows, in triumph they bring five cart loads "of their richest hangings and other furniture "through Shaftesbury towards Dorchester: and "since that, contrary to their promise and faith, "given both by Sir Edward Hungerford and "Strode, they plundered the whole castle: so
* The learned and illustrious Mr. Chillingworth was in Wardour Castle when it was taken, having retired thither in very bad health. He was carried by the Parliamentary army first to Salisbury, and then to Chichester; in the Bishop's palace of which city he died soon afterwards.
"little "little use was there of the inventory we told "• you of, unless to let the world know what "Lord Arundell lost, and what the Rebels gained. "This havock they made within the castle. "Without they burnt all the out-houses; they "pulled up the pales of two parks, the one of "red deer, the other of fallow; what they did "not kill they let loose to the world for the next "taker. In the parks they burn three tenements "and two lodges; they cut down all the trees "about the house and grounds. Oaks and elms, "such as but few places could boast of the like, "whose goodly bushy advanced heads drew the "eyes of travellers on the plains to gaze on "them; these they sold for four-pence, sixpence, "or twelve-pence a-piece, that were worth three, "four, or five pounds a-piece. The fruit-trees "they pluck up by the roots, extending their "malice to commit spoil on that which God, by "a special law, protected from destruction even "in the land of his curse, the land of Canaan; "for so we read: When thou Jhalt besiege a city, "thou jhalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing "an ax against them, for thou mayest eat of them, "and thou Jhalt not cut them down and employ "them in the siege; only the trees which thou "knowejl that they be not trees for meat thou shaft "destroy. Deut. xx. 19, 20. Nay, that which "escaped destruction in the Deluge cannot escape Vol. 1. F F "the
** the hands of these Children of the Apollyon "the Destroyer. They dig up the heads of "twelve great ponds, some of five or six acres "a-piece, and destroy all the fish. They sell "carps of two foot long for two-pence and three"pence a-piece: they sent out the fish by cart"loads, so that the country could not spend ** them. Nay, as if the present generation were ** too narrow an object for their rage, they plun** der posterity, and destroy the nurseries of the <l great ponds. They drive away and sell their "horses, kine, and other cattle, and having left ** nothing either in air or water, they dig under "the earth. The castle was served with water "brought two miles by a conduit of lead; and "intending rather mischief to the King's friends * * than profit to themselves, they cut up the pipe "and sold it (as these men's wives in North ** Wiltshire do bone-lace) at sixpence a yard; "making that waste for a poor inconsiderable "sum which two thouland pounds will not make u good. They that have the unhappy occas1on "to sum up these losses, value them at no less ** than one hundred thousand pounds. And "though this loss were very great, not to be "paralleled by any except that of the Countess. ** of Rivers, yet there was something in these "sufferings which did aggravate them beyond "all example of barbarity which unnatural war
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