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"also the touch-hole, and making a constant "fire under it, within twenty-four hours it "burst, and made a great crack; so that hav"ing a way to make my vessels so that they "are strengthened by the force within them, "and the one to fill after the other, I have "seen the water run like a constant fountain "stream forty foot high. One vessel of water, "rarified by fire, driveth up forty of cold "water; and a man that tends the work is but "to turn two cocks, that one vessel of water "being consumed, another begins to force, and "to refill with cold water, and so successively, "the fire being tended and kept constant, which "the self-same person may likewise abundantly "perform in the interim between the necessity "of turning the said cock *."

* " Spare me not, my Lords and Gentlemen," fays this illustrious Nobleman, in his Dedication to his Scantling of Inventions, "in what your wisdoms mall find me uscful, "who do esteem myself, not only by the Act of the water"commanding engine, (which so chearfully you have "passed,) susficiently rewarded, but likewisc with courage •* enabled me to do ten times more for the future; and my "debts being paid, and a competency to live according to "my wish and quality settled, the rest I shall dedicate to "the service of our King and Country, by your disposals; "and esteem me not the more, or rather any more, by what "is past but what is to come; profesfing really, from my "heart, that my intentions are to out-go the fix or scve« .' thousand pounds already sacrisiced."


Two of the Inventions of the Marquis seem to be of most eminent utility.

"Xxx11. How to compose an universal cha"raster, methodical, and easy to be written, yet "intelligible in any language, so that if an En"glishman wrote it in English, a Frenchman, "Italian, Spaniard, Irishman, Welchman, (being "Scholars,) yea, Grecian, or Hebrew, shall as *; perfectly understand it, in their own tongue, "as if they were perfect English, distinguishing "the verbs from nouns, the numbers, tenses, "and cases, as properly expressed in their own "language, as if it was written in English."

"lxxxiv. An instrument *, whereby per** sons ignorant in Arithmetic may perfectly ob"serve numerations and substractions of all "sums and fractions."

The following anecdotes of this illustrious Nobleman, no less the loyal subject of his Sovereign than the defender of the liberties of the People, are taken from a very scarce little book intitled, " Worcester's Apophthegmata, or "Witty Sayings of the Right Honourable "Henry (late) Marquis of Worcester. By

* An instrument of this kind was made a few years afterwards by the learned and excellent Pascal, who calls it, " une "machine arithmettquc." See Oeuvres de Pascal.

*. ♦ "S. B. **' S. B. a constant Observer, and no less Ad"mirer, of his Lordship's Wisdom and Loy« alfy."


"When the King (Charles the First) had ** made his repaire to Raglon Castle *, a feat of ** the Marquiss of Worcester's, between Mon** mouth and Abergavenny, after the battell of "Naseby; taking occasion to thank the Mar* * quise for some monies lent to his Majesty, the "Marquis returned his Majesty this answer:— "Sir, I had your word for the money, but I "never thought I should be so soon repayed; ** for now you have given me thanks, I have all « I looked for."


"Another time the King came unto my Lord ** and told him, that he thought not to have "stayed with his Lordship above three days, but • "his occasions require his longer abode with "him, he was willing to ease him of so great a "burthen, as to be altogether so heavy a charge "unto him; and considering it was a garrison, "that his provisions might not be spent by so

* " The King marched from Hereford to Ragland "Castle, belonging to the Earl of Worcester, very strong "of itself, and beautiful to behold. Here the King con"tinued three weeks."

Sir Henry Slingsbyv MS. Memoirs. Vol. i. E E "great "great a pressure, he was willing that his Lord"ship should have power given him to take what "provisions the country would afford for his "present maintenance and recruit; to which "his Lordship made this reply: I humbly thank "your Majesty, but my Castle will not stand "long if it leanes upon the countrey. I had "rather be brought to a morsel of bread, than "any morsels of bread should be brought me to "entertain your Majesty."

APOl'HTH. xiv.

"The Marquise had a mind to tell the King "(as handsomely as he could) of some of his "(as he thought) faults; and thus he contrives "his plot. Against the time that his Majesty "was wont to give his Lordship a visit, as he "commonly used to do after dinner, his Lord"ship had the book of John Gower lying be"fore him on the table. The King casting his "eye upon the book, told the Marquise that he "had never seen it before. Oh, said the Mar"quise, it is the book of books, which if your "Majesty had been well versed in, it would "have made you a King of Kings. Why so, "my Lord? said the King. Why, said the "Marquise, here is set down how Aristotle "brought up and instructed Alexander the

Great in all the rudiments and principles be"longing to a Prince. And under the persons "of Alexander and Aristotle he read the King


"such a lesson, that all the standers-by were
"amazed at the boldness; and the King, sup-
"posing that he had gone further than his
"text would have given him leave, asked the
"Marquiss if he had his lesson by heart, or Whe-
"ther he spake out of the book. The Marquise
"replied, Sir, if you could read my heart, it may
"be you may find it there; or, if your Majesty
"please to get it by heart, I will lend you my
"book; which latter proffer the King accepted
"of, and did borrow it. Nay, said the Marquise,
"I will lend it to your Majesty upon these con-
"ditions: first, that you read it; secondly, that
"you make use of it. But perceiving how that
"some of the new-made Lords fretted and bit their
"thumbs at certain passages of the Marquise's
"discourse, he thought a little to please his Ma-
"jesty, though he displeased them the more,
"who were so much displeased already. Pro-
"testing unto his Majesty, that no one was so
"much for the absolute power of a King as
"Aristotle; desiring the book out of the King's
"hand, he told his Majesty, that he could shew
"him a remarkable passage to that purpose,
** turning to that place that has this verse:

"A King can kill, a King can save,
"A King can make a Lord a Knave;
"And of a Knave a Lord also,
"And more tlian that a King can do.

E E 2 "There

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