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butc of regard to the exertions and tenderness of his wife:

"I have been," fays he, " in prisons frequent; ** seized upon by the army, as I was going to "discharge my duty in the House of Commons, ** and, contrary to priviledg of Parliament, made "a prisoner in the Queen's Court; from thence "carried ignominioufly to a place under the "Exchequer called Hell, and the next day to "the King's Head in the Strand; after, singled "out, (as a sheep to the slaughter,) and removed "to St. James's; then sent to Windsor Castle, "and remanded to St. James's againe; lastly ** tossed, like a ball, into a strange country, to . ** Penbigh Castle in North Wales, remote from "my relations and interests. Aster above three "years imprisonment, and thus being changed "as itt were from vessel to vessel, itt pleased the "Lord to turne my captivity, and to restore me "to the comforts of my poore family again. "And here let me call to mind how much rea"son I hadto be thankful to Him who chasteneth "those whom he loveth, for the great consola** tion experienced in the dear partner of my "captivity. She came to me disguised in mean "apparel, when I had groaned in my bonds seven "months, thinking it the duty of a wife to rilke "all things for the satisfaction of her husband. Much difficulty had she in camming, and was DD>fl "frequent "frequent on the brink of being discovered; "but at length, over mountains and unknown "roads, sometimes with a guide and sometimes "with none, she arrived att my prison; and "she seemed, when she discovered herself tome, "to be like the Angell who appeared unto Peter "in like circumstances. She did not, indeed, "bid my prison-gates fly open, but by her sweete "converse and behaviour she made those things "seem light which were before heavy, and scarce "to be borne. I must ever acknowledg itt also ** a very great mercy, that being so long subject "to so great a malice, armed with so great power, "I was not given as a prey to their teeth; and "that after all the indeavours that were used to "finde out matter of charge against me, I came "off with an intire innocency, not only uncon"demned, but unaccused." J


Lilly, in the History of his Life and Times, fays, " The next Sunday after Charles the First "was beheaded, Robert Spavin, Secretary to "Oliver Cromwell, invited himself to dine with "me, and brought Anthony Peirson, and several "others, along with him to dinner; and that

"the "the principal discourse at dinner was only, Who "it was that beheaded the King? One said it "was the common hangman; another, Hugh "Peters; others also were nominated, but none "concluded. Robert Spavin, so soon as dinner "was done, took me by the hand, and carried "me to the south window. These are all mis? "taken, faith he; they have not named the man "that did the fact. It was Lieutenant-Colonel "Joyce. I was in the room when he sitted him? "self for the work, stood behind him when he "did it, when done went in again with him. "There is no man knows this but my master * *Cromwell, Commissary Ireton, and myself.—** Doth not Mr. Rushworth know it? quoth I. "No; he did not know it, said Spavin. The "same thing," adds Lilly, " Spavin since had "often related unto me when we were alone."

Colonel, then Cornet Joyce seized upon the person of the King at Holmby; and when his Majesty required him to shew him his commission, Joyce pointed to the soldiers that attended him.— "Believe me, Sir," replied Charles, " your in? "structions are written in a very legible charac. il ter." The King seeing Lord Fairfax and Cromwell soon afterwards, asked them, Whether they had commissioned Joyce to remove him to Royston, where the quarters of the army then p D 4 were f were? They affected to deny it. "I will not "believe you," replied Charles, " unless you "hang up Joyce immediately."


Th1s Gentleman, who was a most decided Royalist, wrote " Commentaries of the Civil "Wars, from 1638 to 1648." They are still in MS. and by the kindness of a learned and in- ,genious friend, James Petit Andrews, Esq. a few curious extracts from them are permitted to have a place in these Volumes.

The beginning of the Civil Wars is thus pathetically described by Sir Henry:

** The third of January 1639,1 went to Bram"ham House, out of curiosity, to see the training "of the Light Horse, for which service I had sent "two horses by commandment of the LieuteM nant* and Sir Jacob Ashley, who is lately come "down, with special commission from the King, "to train and exercise them. These are strange

* Sir Henry was one of the Deputy Lieutenants of the County of York, and Member of Parliament for Knarcsborough.


"spectacles to this Nation in this age, that has ** lived thus long peaceably, without noise of ** drum or of shot, and after we have stood "neuter, and in peace, when all the world be"sides hath been in arms. Our fears proceed ii from the Scots, who at this time are become "most warlike, being long experienced in the "Swedish and German wars. The cause of "grievance they pretend is matter of religion.

"I had but a short time," adds Sir Henry, "of being a soldier; it did not last above six '"weeks. I like it, as a commendable way of "breeding for a Gentleman, if they consort ** themfelves with such as are civil, and if the "quarrel is lawfull. For as idleness is the nurse "of all evil, enfeebling the parts both of body ** and mind, this employment of a soldier Is "contrary unto it, and shall greatly improve "them, by enabling the body for labour, and "the mind for watchfulness; and so by a con"tempt of all things, (but that employment "they are in,) they shall not much care how "hard they lie, or how hardly they fare."

At the defeat of the King's troops near Chester, which Charles saw from one of the towers of that city, Sir Henry exclaims:

"Here I do wonder at the admirable temper of "the King, whose constancy was such, that no


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