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•* you shall not take his life. The King embracing "him said, Agreed. Then said the King of "Castile, Neither, Sir, shall it dislike you, if I "send him in such a fashion, that he may come ** partly with his own good-will. The King re"plied, It was well thought of, and if it pleased ** him, he would join with him in sending to the ** Earl a message to that purpose.

"There were," adds Lord Bacon, "imme* * diately messengers sent from both Kings to "recall the Earl of Suffolk, who, upon gentle "words, was soon charmed, and willing enough ** to return, assured of his life, and hoping of "his liberty."

Amongst the Archives of the City of Brussels, the donation of the Kingdom of England to the Duchess of Burgundy by Perkin Warbeck, as Duke of York, is preserved.

"In gaming with a Prince," says Puttenham, ** it is decent to let him sometimes win, of pur"pose to keepe him pleasant; and never to refuse "his gift, for that is undutifull; nor to forgive "him his losses, for that is arrogant; nor to ** give him great gifts, for that is either inso"lence or follie; nor to feast him with excessive ** charge, for that is both vain and envious: and D 3 "therefore "therefore the wise Prince King Henry the? "Seventh, her Majesty's grandfather, if he ** chaunce had bene to lye at any of his subjects "houses, or to passe moe meales than one, he "that would take upon him to defray the charge ** of his dyet, or of his officers and household, ** he would be marveloufly offended with, saying, "What private subject dare undertake a Prince's "charge, or looke into the secret of his expence? "Her Majestie (i. e. Queen Elizabeth) hath "bene knowne often times to mislike the super« M fluous expence of her subjects bestowed upon "her in times of her progresses."

******

SINGULAR ARTICLES OF EXPENCE EXTRACTED FROM THE ACCOUNTS OF HENRY VII. IN THK EXCHEQUER.

7'1'year.ItmtoafelIo with a berde* s. dt a spye in rewarde o 40 o — to my lorde Onvy

Seall sole in rewarde o 10 o 8,h y\ Itm to Pechie the sole in

rewarde - 068 —■ to theWalshmenonSt. David day - o 40 o

'* This was a reign of smooth chins, a beard therefore was a singularity.

Itm to Ricd Bedon for writ- £. s. d. ing of bokes* - o 10 o

— to the young damoysell

that daunceth - 30 o o iy*y'. —to Mastr Bray for rewards to them that brought cokkes t at Shrovetide at Westminster - o 20 o

— to the Herytik J at

Canterbury - 068

* There are many payments for writing books, which shew the flow progress the art of printing made for some years.

f Henry VII. seems to have been particularly fond of this diversion, as there are other entries of this fort in his accounts.

J Bacon fays, the King had (though he were no good Schoolman) the honour toj convert a heretic at Canterbury.

HENRY THE EIGHTH.

[1509—1547.3

Lord Bacon intended to write the history of the very interesting reign of Henry the Eighth. A few pages only of the Introduction are preserved. It begins thus:

D 4 ** After

"After the decease of that wise and fortunate "King Henry the Seventh, who died in the "height of his prosperity, there followed (as "useth to do when the sun setteth so extremely "clear) one of the fairest mornings of a kingdom "that hath been known in this land or else"where: A young King, about eighteen years "of age; for stature, strength, and making, and "beauty, one of the goodliest persons of his "time. And though he were given to pleasure, "yet he was likewise desirous of glory, so that ** there was a passage open to his mind for glory "by virtue. Neither was he unadorned by learn"ing, though therein he came short of his "brother Arthur. He had never any the least ** pique, difference, or jealousy, with the king '" his father, which might give any alteration of "Court or Council upon the change, but all "things passed in a still. He was the first heir of "the White and Red Rose, so that there was "now no discontented party left in the king"dom, but all men's hearts turned towards "him; and not only their hearts but their eyes * *also, for he was the only Son of the Kingdom. "He had no brother, which though it be a com**. fortable thing to have, yet draweth the subjects ** eyes a little aside. And yet being a married "man in these young years, it promised hope of "speedy issue to succeed to the Crown. Neither

"was •* was there any Queen-Mother who might share "any way in the Government, or clash with his "Counsellors for authority, while the King at** tended his pleasure: no such thing as any ** great and mighty Subject, who might anyway ** eclipse or overshade the Imperial power; and * *for the People and State in general, they were "in such lowness of obedience as subjects were "likely to yield, who had lived almost four-and"twenty years under so politic a King as his ** father; being also one who came partly in by "the sword, and had so high a courage in all "points of regality, and was ever victorious in "rebellions and seditions of the people. The "crown extremely rich and full of treasure, "and the kingdom like to be so in a short time; u for there was no war, no dearth, no stop of "trade or commerce: it was only the Crown ** which had sucked too hard, and now being ** full, and upon the head of a young King, was "like to draw less. Lastly, he was inheritor of "his father's reputation, which was great "throughout the world."

Princes, however, like private men, do not always take advantage of the blessings that are afforded them. "Whatever good is procured without effort, is seldom or never improved in proportion to its facility of being io; and perhaps

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