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“ One cannot,” fays he, “ look upon these “ heads without horror, and without imagining " that they are just going to pronounce these “ terrible words : People, eternity itself will not 6. be able to expiate our offence. Learn by our “ example, that the life of Kings is inviolable.”.
Charles Patin was a Physician, and used to say for the credit of his art, that it had enabled him to live in perfect health till he was eighty-two years of age; that it had procured him a fortune of twenty thousand pounds; and that it had acquired him the friendship and esteem of many very re. fpectable and celebrated persons.
Patin mentions in his Travels a reply of a German to a Frenchman, who had taxed the Germans with loving wine, and exposing themselves in consequence of that vice: “ Les Allemands “ font quelquefois fous dans leur vin, (faid he,) mais " les François font toujours fous.”
PERSONS who have been the most active in promoting Revolutions in Kingdoms, have in general, after their experience of the dangers and miseries consequent upon them, been very open in proclaiming them to the world. Lord Fairfax, the celebrated Parliamentary General in Charles the First's time, says, in the Memoirs that he left of the part which he took in those times of trouble and confusion, in speaking of the execution of his Sovereign, “ By this purging “ of the House (as they called it), the Parlia“ ment was brought into such a consumptive “ and languishing condition, that it could never ss again recover that healthful condition which “ always kept the kingdom in its strength, life, “ and vigour. This way being made by the “ sword, the trial of the King was the easier “ for them to accomplish. My afflicted and s troubled mind for it, and my earnest en
deavours to prevent it, will, I hope, fuffios ciently testify my dislike and abhorrence of 66 the fact. And what will they not do to the 66 shrubs, having cut down the cedar?"
Lord Fairfax by no means consented to the death of Charles the First, and was much sur. B B 4
prised prised when Sir Thomas Herbert informed him that the fatal stroke had been given.
This nobleman made an offer to his Sovereign of the assistance of the Army. Charles replied, that he had as many friends there as his Lordship.
Lord Fairfax told Sir Philip Warwick, who was complimenting him upon the regularity and temperance of his army, that the best common soldiers he had came out of the King's army, and from the garrisons he had taken. “ So," added he, “ I found you had made them good “ foldiers, and I have made them good men.”
According to Sir Henry Slingsby's MS. Me. moirs, Lord Fairfax appears to have been once in the most imminent danger of his life, in the summer of 1642.
“ My Lord of Cumberland once again sent out “ Sir Thomas Glenham to beat up Sir Thomas “ Fairfax's quarters at Wetherby. Command. “ ing out a party both of horse and of dragoons, “ Sir Thomas comes close up to the town undis“ covered, a little before fun-rise. Prideaux " and some others enter the town through a “ back yard. This gave an alarm quite through “ the town. Sir Thomas Fairfax was at this “ juncture drawing on his boots to go to his
father at Tadcaster. Sir Thomas gets quickly " on horseback, draws out some pikes, and so “ meets our Gentleman. Every one had his « shot at Sir Thomas, he only making at them 56 with his sword, and so retired under the guard 6 of his own pikes to another part of the town.”
LORD KEEPER FINCH. The following curious particulars relative to the impeachment of Lord Keeper Finch were copied by Bishop Warburton from a MS. Hiftory of the Rebellion, found in a large volume, all in Lord Clarendon's hand-writing, which contains the private Memoirs of his own Life, as well as the public history that was extracted from this volume. They form one of the many passages which Lord Clarendon himself had drawn his pen through, as not to be printed as part of the History of the Rebellion, and were presented to the COMPILER by the late learned and excellent Dr. Balguy, who received the copy from Bishop Warburton:
“ It began now to be obferved, that all the “ public professions of a general reformation, and
66 redress “ redress of all grievances the kingdom suffered 66. under, were contracted into a sharp and ex“ traordinary perfecution of one person * they “ had accused of high treason, and within some “ bitter mention of the Archbishop t; that there
was no thought of dismissing the two armies, “ which were the capital grievance and insup“ portable burthen to the whole Nation; and " that instead of questioning others, who were " looked upon as the causes of greater mischief " than either of those they professed so much “ displeasure against, they privately laboured by “ all their offices to remove all prejudice towards " them, at least all thoughts of prosecution for " their transgressions, and so that they had • blanched all sharp and odious mention of Ship« Money, because it could hardly be touched 56 without some reflection upon the Lord Keeper • Finch, who had acted fo odious a part in it, « and who, since the meeting of the Great “ Council at York, had rendered himself very 66 gracious to them, as a man who would facili“ tate many things to them, and therefore fit to “ be preserved and protected. Whereupon the “ Lord Falkland took notice of the business of “ Ship-Money, and very sharply mentioned the “ Lord Finch as being the principal promoter of “ it; and that, being a sworn judge of the Law,
* Lord Strafford.
+ Archbishop Laud.