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“ judgment. His memory was great, and he
“ made it greater by confiding in it. His elo-
“ cution was very fluent, and it was a great part
6 of his talent readily to reply, or freely to ha-
u rangue, upon any subject. All this was lodged
“ in a soure and haughty temper, fo (as it may
66 probably be believed) he expected to have
66 more observance paid to himself than he was
6 willing to pay to others, though they were of
« his own quality ; and then he was not like to
66 conciliate the good-will of men of lesser station.
“ His acquired parts, both in University and
“ Inns of Court learning, as likewise his foreign
« travels, made him an eminent man before he
“ was a conspicuous one ; so as when he came
66 first to shew himself in the House of Commons,
6 he was soon a bell-wether in that flock. As
" he had these parts, he knew how to set a value
66 upon them, if not to over-value them; and he
“ too soon discovered a roughness in his nature
“ (which a man no more obliged by him than I
66 was would have called an injustice); though
66 many of his confidants (who were my good

friends, when I, like a little worm being trod “ on, could turn and laugh, and under that dif« guise say as piquant words as my little wit could 6 help me to) were wont to swear to me, that he « endeavoured to be just to all, but was resolved “ to be gracious to none but to those whom he

6 thought



thought inwardly affected him; all which “ never bowed me, till his broken fortune, and, « as I thought, very unjustifiable prosecution, 66 made me one of the fifty-fix who gave a nega66 tive to that fatal bill which cut the thread of “ his life.

“ He gave an early specimen of the roughness “ of his nature, when, in the eager pursuit of " the House of Commons after the Duke of “ Buckingham, he advised or gave counsel against “ another, which was afterwards taken up and

pursued against himself. Thus, pressing upon “ another's case, he awakened his own fate; for 66 when that House was in consultation how to " frame the particular charge against that great 6 Duke, he advised to make a general one, and " to accuse him of treason, and to let him get “ off afterwards as he could, which really befell « himself at last.

66 In his person he was of a tall stature, but « stooped much in the neck. His countenance “ was cloudy whilst he moved or sat thinking; « but when he spake seriously or facetiously, he “ had a lightsome and a very pleasant ayre; and « indeed, whatever he then did, he did grace- fully. Unavoidable it is but that great men “ give great discontents to some; and the lofty “ humour of this great man engaged him too

os often, 6 often, and against too many, in that kind

and particularly one with the old Chancellor " Loftus, which was sullied (as was supposed) 66 by an intrigue betwixt him and his daughter“ in-law. But with these virtues and infirmities " we will leave him ruling prosperously in Ire« land, until his own ambition or presumption “ brings him over to England in the year 1638, " to take up a lost game, wherein he lost him. 66 self.”

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When Lord Strafford was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, he made an order, that no Peer should be admitted into the House of Lords in that kingdom without leaving his sword with the door-keeper. Many Peers had already complied with this infolent order, when the Duke, then Earl, of Ormond being asked for his sword, he replied to the door-keeper, “ If you make that s request again, Sir, I shall plunge my sword 66 into your body.” Lord Strafford hearing of this faid, “ This Nobleman is a man that we « must endeavour to get over to us.”

Defection in party was perhaps never more severely punished than in the fate of this extraordinary Personage. On quitting the Country Party, he told his old fellow-labourer Mr. Pym, “ You see, Sir, I have left you.”—“ So, I see, “ Sir Thomas," replied Mr. Pym; “but we will

6 never

“ never leave you so long as you have a head “ upon your shoulders.”

The following curious and detailed account of the apprehension and trial of Lord Strafford is taken from “ A Journal addressed to the Presby“ tery of Irvine in Scotland, by Robert Baillie, “ D. D. Principal of the University of Glasgow,” who was sent up to London in 1640 by the Covenanting Lords of Scotland to draw up the Articles of Impeachment against Archbishop Laud, for having made some innovations in the service of the Church of Scotland: .

“Among many more,” says the Doctor, “I « have been an assiduous assistant of that nation “ (the English), and therefore I will offer to give “ you some account of a part I have heard and “ seen in that notable process.



" Westminster-hall is a room as long as broad, “ if not more, than the outer-house of the High “ Church of Glasgow, supposing the pillars were “ removed. In the midst of it was erected a “ stage, like that prepared for the Assembly of “ Glasgow, but much more large, taking up the « breadth of the whole house from wall to wall, ~ and of the length more than a third part. On " the north end was set a throne fort he King, " and a chair for the Prince. Before it lay a VOL. I. . Z

« large di large woollack, covered with green, for my “ Lord Steward the Earl of Arundel. Beneath “ it lay two facks for my Lord Keeper and the “ Judges, with the rest of the Chancery, all in " their red robes. Beneath this, a little table “ for four or five Clerks of the Parliament, in “ black gowns. Round about these, some forms « covered with green frieze, whereupon the Earls “ and Lords did sit, in their red robes, of the “ fame fashion, lined with the fame white ermine “ skins as ye see the robes of our Lords when ". they ride in Parliament; the Lords on their " right sleeves having two bars of white skins, « the Viscounts two and a half, the Earls three, « the Marquis of Winchester three and a half. « England hath no more Marquistes; and he but “ a late upstart, a creature of Queen Elizabeth. “ Hamilton goes here but aniong the Earls, and « that a late one. Dukes they have none in “ Parliament; York, Richmond, and Bucking“ ham, are but boys; Lenox goes among the • late Earls. Behind the forms where the Lords “ fit, there is a bar covered with green. At the « one end stands the Committee of eight or ten « Gentlemen appointed by the House of Com" mons to pursue. At the midst there is a little “ desk, where the prisoner, Strafford, stands and “ sits as he pleases, together with his Keeper, « Sir William Balfour, the Lieutenant of the

- Tower.

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