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"well knew his own strength, and whom the "love of riot necessitated to a love of treasure, "which commonly is supplied by oppression of "the subject. His buildings were few, but "sumptuous for the time, which are yet to be "scene at the Tower of London, his house of ** Elthem, the Castles of Nottingham and Dover, ** but above all at Windsor, where he built the "new Chapel, (finished after by Sir Reginald "Bray, Knight of the Order,) and endowed the "Colledge with negative revenues, which he ** gave not, but transferred thither, taking from "King's Colledge in Cambridge, and Eaton Col"ledge, a thousand pounds the yeare, to enrich "this at Windsor.

"But our buildings, like our children, are "obnoxio.is to death, and time scorns their "folly who place a perpetuite in either. And "indeed the safer kind of fate happened to King "Edward, in both these felicities: his posteritie, "like his edifices, lost in other names.

** Edward," fays Habington, " to recover "him the great love which in both fortunes the "Londoners had shewed him to his last houre, "used towards them a particular kindnesse, even "so much that he invited the Lord Mayor,

"Aldermen, ** Aldermen, and some of the principal Citizens, ** to the forest of Waltham, to give them a ** friendly, not a pompous entertainment, where ** in a pleasant lodge they were feasted, the King "himself seeing their dinner served in; and by ** thus stoopinge downe to a loving familiarity, *c sunke deepe into their hearts; and that the ** sex he always asfected might not bee unre"membered, he caused great plentie of venison ** to be sent to the Lady Mayoress and the Al** dermen's wives,"

HENRY THE SEVENTH,
£1485—1509.]

"Th1s politic Prince," says Lord Bacon, ** always professed to love and to seek peace, and *e it was his usual preface to his Treaties, That ** when Christ came into the world peace was "fung, and that when he went out of the world, "peace was bequeathed. Yet he knew the way M to peace was not to seem to be desirous to "avoid wars, therefore would he make offers "and fames of wars till he had worded the con"ditions of peace. For his pleasures," adds Lord Bacon, " there is no news of them. He ** did by pleasures as great Princes do by banr yoL. 1. D ** quets-r: "quets—come and look a little upon them, "and turn away. He was rather studious than "learned, reading most books that were of any "worth in the French tongue; yet he under"stood the Latin, as appeareth in that Cardinal "Adrian and others, who could very well have ** written French, did write to him in Latin."

"He was," fays his noble Historian, "a little "above just stature, well and straight-limbed, "but slender. His countenance was reverend, "and a little like a churchman; and as it was not "strange or dark, so neither was it winning nor "pleasing, but as the face of one well disposed. "But it was to the disadvantage of the painter, "for it was best when he spoke."

The king of Castile was shipwrecked on the coast of England in the reign of Henry the Seventh. "Henry," fays Lord Bacon, "as "soon as he heard the news, commanded pre** fently the Earl of Arundel to go to visit the "King of Castile, and let him understand, that ** as he was very sorry for his mishap, so he was "glad that he had escaped the danger of the "seas, and likewise of the occasion he had to ** do him honour; and desiring him to think "himself as in his own land, and that the king "made all possible haste to come and embrace

"him. The Earl came to him in great mag"nificence at Weymouth, with a brave troop of "three hundred horse, and, for more state, came "by torch-light. After he had done the King's "message, King Philip, (seeing how the world * ". went,) the sooner to get away, went upon "speed to the King at Windsor, and his Queen (* followed by easy journies. The two Kings at "their meeting used all the caresses and loving ** demonstrations that were possible, and the "King of Castile said pleasantly to the King, that '* he was now punished, for that he would not "come within his walled town of Calais when "they met last. But the King answered, that ** walls and seas were nothing where hearts were "open, and that he was here no otherwise than ** to be served. After a day or two's refreshing, the Kings entered into speech of renewing the "treaty; King Henry saying, that though King ** Philip's person were the same, yet his fortunes "and state were raised, in which case a reno? vation of treaty was used amongst Princes, But whilst these things were in handling, the ** King choosing a fit time, and drawing the King ** of Castile into a room, (where they two only "were private,) and laying his hand civilly upon "his arm, and changing his countenance a little "from a countenance of entertainment, said to (* him. Sir, you have been saved upon my coast,

D 2 "*H:hope

1

"I hope that you will not susfer me to be wrecked * * upon yours. The King of Castile asked him "what he meant by that speech. I mean by it "(said the King) that same hair-brain wild "fellow the Earl of Suffolk, who is protected in "your country, and who begins to play the fool "when all others are tired of it. The King of "Castile answered, I had thought, Sir, that "your felicity had been above these thoughts;but if he trouble you, I will banish him. The "King replied, that hornets were best in their ** nest, and worst when they did fly abroad, and "that his desire was to have the Earl of Suffolk "delivered to him. The King of Castile here"with a little confused, and in a hurry, replied, "That can I not do with my honour, and less "with yours, for you will be thought to have "used me as a prisoner. The King presently said, "Then the matter is at end, for I will take that "dishonour upon me, and so your honour is "saved. The King of Castile, who had the "King in great estimation, (and besides remem* bered where he was, and knew not what use "he might have of the King's amity, for that "himself was new in his estate of Spain, and "unsettled both with his father-in-law and with "his people,) composing his countenance, said, "Sir, you gave law to me, and so will I to you. ** You shall have him, but (upon your honour)

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