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“ towne, if you can by fayer means, (but stike " not long in disputing,) otherways force them “ away lyke so manie wyld beastes, untill ye have “ shipped them, and so the Devil goe with them. “ Lett me heare no anfwer, but of the perform• ance of my command.
“ So I rest " Your faithfull, constant, loying frende, 5. “ Oaking, the
“ CHARLES R. “ 7 of August, 1627.” (Superscribed) “ The Duke of BUCKINGHAM.”
.. The following letter of this intrepid Princess, written soon after the unfortunate attempt upon
“ penancies upon the Queen, are all cahiered this week. * It was a thing suddenly done ; for about one of the “ clock, as they were at dinner, my Lord Conway and Sir
Thomas Edmondes came with an order from the King, " that they must instantly away to Somerset-House, for " there were barges and coaches staying for them, and there " they should have all their wages paid them to a penny, “ and so they must be content to quit the kingdom. This 5-sudden undreamed of order struck an astonishment into " them all, both men and women; and running to com“plain to the Queen, his Majesty had taken her before into « his bed-chamber, and locked the door upon them, till he « had told her how matters stood. The Queen fell into a * violent passion, broke the glass windows, and tore her w hair, but she was cooled afterwards. Just such a destiny « happened in France some years since, to the Queen's Spa“ nish fervants there, who were all dismissed in like manner i for some miscarriages. The like was done in Spain ta # the French, therefore 'tis no new thing,"
Hull, Hull, in April 1642, is translated from the French Original in the British Museum. It is without a date.
" As I was closing my letter Sir L. Dives ar66 rived, who has told me all that passed at Hull. “ Do not lose courage, and pursue the business « with resolution ; for you must now shew that " you will make good what you have under6 taken. If the man who is in the place will 6 not submit, you have already declared him a « traitor: you must have him, alive or dead; « for matters now begin to be very serious. 166 You must declare yourself; you have shewn “ gentleness enough, you must now shew your 66 firmness. You see what has happened from “ not having followed your first resolution, “ when you declared the five Members traitors; « let that serve you for an example: dally no 66 longer with consultations, but proceed to ac66 tion. I heartily wished myself in the place of o my son James in Hull; I would have thrown " the scoundrel Hotham over the walls, or he « should have thrown me. I am in such hafte 6 to dispatch this bearer, that I can write to no. « body else. Go boldly to work, as I see there “ is no hope of accommodation,” &c.
• This beautiful Princess said of Kings, that 6 they should be as silent and as discreet as Fa. « cher Confessors." ..
A person appearing anxious to tell her the names of some who had indisposed many of the English Nobility against her, she replied, "I forbid you to do so. Though they hate me to now, they will not perhaps always hate me; w and if they have any sentiments of honour, " they will be ashamed of tormenting a poor " woman, who takes so little precaution to 'de66 fend herself.”
A&tive and indefatigable on the breaking out of the troubles, she went to Holland to sell her jewels, and returned to England with several vessels loaded with provisions for her husband's army. The vessel that carried her was once in great danger ; but she sat upon the deck with perfect tranquillity, and said laughingly,“ Les Reines ne “ fe noyant pas-Queens are never drowned.”
This Princess, according to Sir William Waller, in his “ Recollections," endeared herself to the inhabitants of Exeter by the following act of benevolence. “ As she was walking out north“ ward of the city of Exeter, soon after her “ lying-in, she stopped at the cottage of a poor
woman, whom she heard making doleful 66 cries : she sent one of her train to enquire 6 what it might be which occasioned them. The 66. page returned, and said the woman was for66 rowing grievously, because her daughter had
66 been two days in the strawe, and was almost 6 dead for want of nourishment, she having no. " thing to give her but water, and not being 6 able, for the hardness of the times, to get any 66 thing. On this the Queen took a small chain “ of gold from her neck, at which hung an « bgnus. She took off the Agnus, and put it in 6 her bosom; and making the woman be called « to her, gave her the chain, and bade her go « into the city to a goldsmith and sell it, and “ with the money to provide for the good wo6 man in the strawe: and for this,” adds Sir William, “ her Confeffor did afterwards rebuke « her, because they were heretics. When this “ thing was told to the King, he asked, jestingly, “ if her Confessor had made the Queen do a r penance for it, as she had done once before 6 for some innocent act, when she was made to 66 walk to Tyburn; some say bare-foot."
In 1664, Henrietta went to Paris, where she found the Queen of France not very able, and perhaps less willing to affist her : so that she says of herself, she was obliged to ask alms of the Parliament of Paris for her subsistence: De de“ mander une aumone au Parliament pour pouvoir “ fubfifter.”
Indeed this Queen, the daughter of Henry the Fourth, the beloved Monarch of France, was in
such distress at Paris, that she and her infant daughter were obliged to lay in bed in their room at the palace of the Louvre in that city, as they could not get wood to make their fire with. The celebrated Omer Talon in his Memoirs tells us, 65 Le Mecredi, 13 Janvier 1643. La Reine « d'Angleterre logée dans le Louvre, & reduite à a la dernière extremité, demande secours au Parles ment de Paris, qui lui ordonna 2000 livres " pour sa subsistence.”
The learned and excellent Pascal, in the first edition of his celebrated work “ Les Pensées sur la " Religion,” printed about the year 1650, says, " qui auroit eu l'amitié du Roi d'Angleterre “ (Charles I.), du Roi de Pologne (Casimir V.),
& de la Reine de Suede (Christina), auroit il « cru pouvoir manquer de retraite d'azyle au “ monde ? ---- Could any person that possessed the < friendship of a King of England, a King of “ Poland, or a Queen of Sweden, have thought " it possible that he could have been in want of as a place to put his head in ?”
Madame de Baviere, in her Letters, says, « Charles the First's widow made a clandestine " marriage with her Chevalier d'Honneur, Lord « St. Alban's, who treated her extremely ill; fo " that whilst she had not a faggot to warm her« self with, he had in his apartment a good fire, Y 2