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"judge of art of any of the Princes of his "time."

Thecharacter of this Monarch is thus admirably delineated by the pen of Bishop Warburton in his excellent Sermon before the House of Lords on the Thirtieth of January: ..,(.. . .

"The King had many virtues, but all of so * * unsociable a turn as to do him neither service "nor credit.

"His religion, in which he was sincerely zea"lous, was over-run with scruples; and the "simplicity if not the purity of his morals were ** debased by casuistry. ...

"His natural affections (a rare virtue in that "high situation) were so excessive as to render ** him a slave to all his kin, and his social so mo"derate as only to enable him to lament, not to "preserve, his friends and servants.

"His knowledge was extensive though not "exact, and his courage clear though not keen; "yet his modesty far surpassing his magna"nimity, his knowledge only made him obnox"ious to the doubts of his more ignorant Mi"nisters, and his courage to the irresolutions of "his less adventurous Generals.

In a word, his princely qualities were neither "great enough nor bad enough to succeed in ** that most difficult of all attempts, the enflav..

"ing a free and jealous people."

The full conviction of this truth made Laud, (who was not so despicable a Politician as we commonly suppose him,) upon seeing his coadjutor Strafford led out to slaughter, lament his fate in these emphatic and indignant words: "He served a Prince who knew not how to be, "nor to be made, great."

According to the Compiler of the Apopb* thegms of Charles the First, that accomplished Prince used to say, "Fortune has no power over "Wisdom, only over Sensuality, and over the "lives of all those who swim and navigate with"out the loadstone of Discretion and Judge"ment."

- " Carry a watchful eye upon dangers,*' said this acute Sovereign, " till they come to ripe** ness, and when they are ripe let loose a speedy "hand. He that expects them too long meets "them too late; and he that meets them too ** soon, gives advantage to the evil. Commit ** the beginning of them to the eyes of Argus, "and the end of them to the hands of Briareus, ** and then thou art safe."


Charles used to say of the Presbyterian Preachers, " that there were always two good

sentences in their sermons, the text and the "conclusion."

. He professed that he could not fix his love upon one that was never angry; "for," fays he, as a man that is without sorrow is without *l gladness, so he that is without anger is with

"*e;out love."'

, ." . ... . 'f

lie had often this sentence in his mouth: ** The Devil of Rebellion doth commonly turn "himself into an Angel of Reformation."

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Howell, 1n one of his Letters, dated "L'on"don, 16th May 1626," thus describes this beautiful and accomplished Princess:

"We have now a most noble new Queen of ** England, who, in true beauty, is much be"yond the long-woo'd Infanta. This daughter ** of France—this youngest branch of Bourbon, "is of a more lovely and lasting complexion, a

« dark

** dark brown; she hath eyes that sparkle like "stars; and for her physiognomy, she may be "said to be a mirror of perfection. She had as "rough passage in her transfretation to Dover "Castle; and in Canterbury the King bedded "first with her. There were a goodly train of "choice Ladies attended her coming upon the "Bowling-green at Barham Downs, upon the "way, who divided themselves into two rows, "and they appeared like so many constellations; "but methought the country ladies outihined "the courtiers.

** The Queen brought over with her two hun** dred thousand crowns in gold and silver, as "half her portion, and the other moiety is to be "paid at the year's end. Her first suite of ser"vants (by article) are to be French; and a* "they die, English are to succeed. She ,is al"lowed twenty-eight Ecclesiastics, of any Order "except Jesuits; a Bishop for her Almoner; "and to have private exercise of her religion "for herself and for her servants." . )t

The ill behaviour of the French that the Cnjeerr brought over with her, occasioned Charles the First to write the following letters to the Duke of Buckingham, which are copied from the Originals in the British Museum:

"Steenie, ** I writ to you by Ned Clarke, that I thought ** I would here cause anufe in shorte tyme to ** put away the Monsers *, either by attempting "to steale away my wyfe, or by making plots "amongst my owen subjects. I cannot fay cer** tainlie whether it was intended, but I am sure "it is hindered. For the other, though I have "good grounds to belife it, and am still hunting "after it, yet seeing dailie the malitiousness of ** the Monsers, by making and fomenting diseon"tents in my wyfe, I could tarie no longer from "adverticing of you, that I meane to seeke for ** no other grounds to casier f my Monsers, ** having for this purpose sent you this other "letter, that you may if you think good adver,e tise the Queen Mother J with my intention."So I rest * Your faithfull, constant, loving frende,

"Charles R."

"Steenie, ** I have received your letter by Die Greme: «* this is my answer—I command you to send "all the French away § to-morrow out of the

** lowne,

* Meaning his wife's French servants and dependant*, t Cashier.

% Mary of Medicis, widow of Henry the Fourth.

§ Ho well, iu a Letter dated March 15,1626, fays—" The »• French that came over with her Majesty, for their petu"hnctM mi seme mrsdemeanors, and imposing some odd


• **

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