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THE FIRST. “ indefatigable in businesses, a patient hearer, " judicious in distinguishing counsells, moderate “ in his actions, steady in his resolutions ; so “ even as variableness is a thing neither in deed “ nor in appearance in him ; and so civil and “ accomplished withall every way, both in mind 66 and body, that consider him even not as « Prince, (which yet adds much lustre to him,) " and there is nobody who must not acknow“ ledge him to be a gentleman very full of per- fections; and, without flatterie, I know none “ to be compared with him, for his virtues and “ parts are eminent, without any mixture of 6 vanity or vice,"

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February 1621.-I stood by the most illuf“ trious Prince Charles at dinner. He was then “ very merry, and talked occasionally of many " things with his attendants. Amongst other " things, he said if he were necessitated to take « any particular profession of life, he could not “ be a Lawyer, adding his reasons : I cannot “ (faid he) defend a bad, nor yield in a good “ cause. Sic in majoribus fuccedas, in æternum fauftus, serenissime Princeps.

Archbishop Laud's Diary.

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James Howell wrote a Treatise with this title, 66 Of the Land of Ire, or, a Discourse of that

“ horrid

“ horrid Insurrection and Massacre which hap" pened lately in Ireland, by Mercurius Hibers nicus, who discovers unto the World the true " Causes and Incentives thereof, in Vindication ss of his Majesty, who is most maliciously tra• duced to be accessary thereto, which is as • damnable a Lie as possibly could be hatched 66 in Hell, which is the Staple of Lies.

“ A Lie stands upon one leg,
“ Truth upon two."

Amongst other reasons to account for the insurrection and massacre in Ireland, Howell states, 66 that the army of eight thousand men, which so the Earl of Strafford had raised to be trans“ported to England, for suppressing the Scot, “ being by the advice of our Parliament here 66 dissolved, the country was annoyed by some “ of those straggling soldiers, as not one in twenty 6 of the Irish will from the sword to the spade, 66 or from the pike to the plough again. There. “ fore the two Marquisses that were Ambassadors 66 here then from Spain, having propounded to « have some numbers of those disbanded forces 66 for the service of their master, his Majesty, « by the mature advice of his Privy Council, to " prevent the mischiefs that might arise to his so kingdom of Ireland by these loose cashiered 5 soldiers, yielded to the Ambassadors' motion,

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“ who sent advice to Spain accordingly, and la “ provided shipping for their transport, and im, “ pressed many to advance the business. But as " they were at the heat of their work, his Ma" jesty being then in Scotland, there was a sudden “ stop made of these promised troops, who had " depended long upon the Spaniard's service, as “ the Spaniard had done upon theirs, and this “ was the last though not the least solid cause of 66 that horrid insurrection. All which particu« lars well considered, it had been no hard mat“ ter to have been a prophet, and standing upon " the top of Holyhead, to have foreseen there “ thick clouds engendering in the Irish air, “ which broke out afterwards into such fearful “ tempests of blood.”

“ His Majesty, then Prince of Wales, being “ arrived in Spain,” adds Howell, “ the igno“ rant country people cried out, The Prince of " Wales is come hither to make himself a 66 Christian. The Pope indeed wrote to the “ Inquisitor-General of Spain, to offer to use all “ the industry they could to reduce him to the “ Roman religion ; and one of the Count Duke . « Olivarez's first compliments to him was, that “ he doubted not but his Highness came thither “ to change his religion; whereunto he made a << short answer, that he came not thither for

“ religion,

56 religion, but for a wife. The Infanta of Spain 6 herself desired him to visit the Nunne of Car, « ton, hoping that the said Nunne, who was so 66 much cried up for miracles, might havewrought FC one upon him; but he at least failed her: nor “ was his Highness so weak a subject to work $c upon, according to his late Majesty's (James 6 the First) speech to Drs. Mawe and Wren, 66 when they came to kiss hands before they went

to Spaine to attend the Prince their master, $6 He wilhed them to have a care of Bucking“ ham; As touching his sonne Charles, he apfr prehended no feare at all of him ; for he knew s him to be so well grounded a Protestant, that

nothing could change his religion.”

“ This King's reign,” adds Howell, “ was Śc paralleled to that of Queen Elizabeth (who was o the greatest minion of a people that ever was); 66 but one will find, that she stretched preroga" tive much further. In her time (as I have ço read in the Latin Legend of her life) some had “ their hands cut off for only writing against her « matching with the Duke of Anjou* ; others “ were hanged at Tyburn for traducing her Go Government. She pardoned thrice as many şi Roman Priests as the King did; she passed & divers monopolies; the kept an Agent at

* See p. 200 of this Volume.

o Rome;

- Rome; she sent her Serjeant at Arms to pluck 6 out a Member then fitting in the House of « Commons by the ears, and clapped him in “ prison; she called them faucy fellows to med6 dle with her prerogative, or with the govern6 ment of her houshold; she managed all foreign « affairs, specially the wars with Ireland, by her « Privy Council; yet there was no murmuring " in her reign; and the reason I conceive to be, " that neither Scot or Puritan had any stroke in “ England.”—Howell's Italian Prospective.

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Howell concludes one of the many Pamphlets that he wrote in the reign of Charles the First thus: “ I will conclude this point with an ob“ servation of the most monstrous number of 56 witches that have swarmed since the wars $6 against the King, more (I dare say) than have “ been in this Island since the Devil tempted Eve; “ for in two counties only, viz. Suffolk and Effex, " there have been upwards of three hundred 66 arraigned, and eighteen executed, as I have it « from the Clerks of the Peace of the two “ counties. What a barbarous, devilish office

one had, under colour of exoneration, to tor6 ment poor silly women with watchings, pinch“ ings, and other artifices, to find them for 66 witches : while others (called spirits) by a new '« invention of villainy, were connived at, for

66 seizing

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