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of the East. This great scholar in early life composed a Devotional Treatise in Flemish verse, for the use of the Dutch sailors that made voyages to the East and West Indies.

His countrymen, who had persecuted him so violently in his lifetime, struck a medal in honour of him after his death, in which he is styled the ** Oracle of Delft, the Phœnix of his Country." It may be seen in the " Hiftoire Medallique de la "Hollande" and verifies what Horace said long ago,

Urit enim fulgoresue, qui prttgravat artes
Infra fe pofttas: extinffus dmabitur idem.

The man whose life wise Nature has design'd
To teach, to humanize, to sway his kind,
Burns by a flame too vivid and too bright,
And dazzles by excess of splendid light.
Yet when the hero seeks the grave's fad state,
The vain and changing people, wife too late,
O'er his pale corpse their fruitless honours pour,
Their friend, their saviour, and their guide deplore;
And each sad impotence of grief betray,
To reallumine the Promethean clay.

VOL. I.

SIR TOBY MATTHEWS

says, in the Preface to the Collection of English Letters which he made in King James the First's time, " that there is no stock or people in the "whole world where men of all conditions live "so peaceably, and so plentifully, yea and so "safely also, as in England. The English," adds he, " unite the greatest concurrence of the "most excellent qualities: they are the most "obligeable, the most civil, the most modest "and safe in all kinds of all nations. To con"elude therefore upon the whole matter, I con"cur, generally, and even naturally, with a "certain worthy, honest, and true-hearted Eng"lishman who is now dead (meaning Sir Dennis "Brussels). For once after a grievous fit of the "stone, (when he was no less than fourscore "years old,) he found himself to be out of pain, "and in such kind of ease in the way of re"covery as that great weight of age might ad"mit; wherewith the good man was so pleased, "that he fell to talk very honestly, though very "pleasantly also, after his manner: If God "mould fay thus to me, Thou art fourscore "years of age, but yet I am content to lend "thee a dozen years more of life; and because "thou hast conversed with the men of so many "nations in Europe, my pleasure is, that for"here

k* hereafter thou shalt have leave to chuse for "thyself of which thou would rather be than of "any other; I would quickly know how to "make this answer without studying: Let me "be neither Dutch, nor Flemish, nor French, "nor Italian, but an Englishman!—an English"man, good Lord! This said he, and this fay "I," adds Sir Toby, " as being most clearly "of his mind."

INIGO JONES.

This great Architect, a pupil of Palladio, appears to have excelled his master in magnificence and splendor of design. What can be conceived more grand in design, and more exquisite in decoration, than the palace of Whitehall planned by him, and of which the present banquetinghouse made a part. The original Drawings of this intended palace are in the Library of Worcester College in Oxford; they are extremely highly finished, and are not supposed to have been executed by the hand of the architect himself.

Lord Burlington published a complete Collection of the Designs of Inigo Jones, and was u 2 so

so impressed with the beauty of the Corinthian Portico which his favourite Architect had appended to the old Gothic* fabric of St. Paul's Cathedral, that on seeing the present beautiful Christian Temple built on the site of the old church by Sir Christopher Wren, and being asked what he thought of it, he exclaimed, " When "the Jews saw the second Temple, they reflected "upon the beauty of the first, and wept."

The first work which this great architect executed after his return from Italy, is said to have been the decoration of the inside of the Church of St. Catherine Cree in Leadenhall-street.

CHARLES THE FIRST.
[1625—1649.3

This accomplished Sovereign when Prince of Wales, and soon after his return from Spain, is

* *1 It was the fashion," fays Osborn, " in James the "First's time, for the principal Gentry, Lords, Courtiers, "and men of all professions, to meet in St. Paul's Church "by eleven, and walk in the middle aifle till twelve, and "after dinner from three to six; during which time some "discourscd of business, some of news."—OJborn's Advice to a Son.

thus

thus described by the Countess of Bedford, in a letter to his sister the Queen of Bohemia:

** None plaies his part in this our world with "so due applause as your excellent brother, "who wins daily more and more upon the hearts ** of all good men, and hath begotten, by his ** princelie and wife proceedings, such an opinion "of his realitie, judgment, and worthie inten"tions for the public good, that I think never "Prince was more powerful in the Parliament** house than he; and there doth he express "himself substantially so well, that he is often "called up to speak, and he doth it with that "satisfaction to both Houses as is much admired; ** and he behaves himself with as much reverence "to the Houses, when either himself takes oc** casion to speak, or is chosen by them to do so, "unto the Lower House, as any other man who ** sits amongst them; and he will patiently bear "contradictions, and calmly forego his own "opinions, if he have been mistaken, which ** yet hath so seldom happened, as not above ** twice in all this time he hath had cause to "approve of any other than his own; all which

are so remarkable excellencies in a Prince so "young, so lately come to be himself, as I am "sure the world hath not another to parallel ** with him. He is besides most diligent and

u 3 ** inde

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