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** & fadur, we beseeche Almyghty Jhu geve yowe *e as good lyfe & long, with as moche continual "perfete prosperite as your princely hert con "best desyre. Written at your Cartel of Lode** lowe on Satursday in the Astur-woke.

"Your humble sonnes,

** E. Marche & E. R.UTLONDE."

Louis the Eleventh of France having, contrary to treaty, refused the Dauphin in marriage to the daughter of Edward, that Monarch thus addressed his Parliament: "This contumelie I "am resolved to punish, and I cannot doubt suc"cesse. Almighty God still strengthens his arm "who undertakes a war for justice. In our ex"peditions hitherto against the French, what ** prolperity waited upon the English arms is to ** the world divulged, and yet ambition then ap* * peared the chief counsellor to war. Now, be** side all that right which led our Edward the "Third, our glorious ancestor, and Henry the "Fifth, our glorious predecessor, we seem to "have a deputyship from Heaven to execute the "osfice of the Supreme Judge, in chastising the ** impious."

** It is manifest that our confederacies are now dissolved, and I rejoice that alone we shall un

"dertake "dertake this great business; for experience in "our last attempt shewed that Princes of several "Nations (however they pretend the fame) have "still several aims; and oftentimes confederacy "is a greater enemie to the prosperitie of a war "than the enemy himself; envie begetting more "disficultie in a camp, than any opposition from "the adverse army."

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"But I detain you too long by my speech "from action. I see the clouds of due revenge "gathered in your hearts, and the lightning of "fury break from your eyes, which bodes thun"der against our enemy; let us therefore lose "no time, but suddenly and severely scourge "this perjured Court to a severe repentance, "and regaine honour to our Nation, and his "kingdom to our Crown."—Habington's Hi/lory of Edward the Fourth.

"What prevailed upon King Edward," fays Comines, " to transport his army to Calais in "1475, was, first, the solicitation of the Duke "of Burgundy, and the animosity of the English "to the French (which is natural to them, and "has been so for many ages); next, to reserve "for himself a great part of the money which "had been liberally granted to him by his sub


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€t jects for the particular expedition (for," adds Comines, " the Kings of England live upon ** their own revenue, and can raise no taxes but "under the specious pretence of invading "France). Besides, the King had another stra** tagem to amuse and delude his subjects with;

for he had brought with him ten or twelve of "the chief citizens of London and of some other "great towns in England, all fat, jolly, and of "great power in their country; some of whom "had promoted the war, and had been very ser"viceable in raising the army. The King or"dered very good tents to be made for them, "in which they slept; but not being used to "such a manner of living, they soon began to "grow weary of the campaign, for they had "reckoned that they should come to an engage"ment three or four days after their landing; "and the King multiplied their fears of the dan"gers of the war, that they might be better "satisfied with a peace, and so pacify the mur"murs of the people."

"As soon," says the fame historian, "as "King Edward had settled the affairs of his *' kingdom, and had received of our master "(Louis the Eleventh) 50,000 crowns a-year, "which were regularly paid him in the Tower "of London, aad was become as rich as his

** ambition "ambition could desire, he died suddenly, and "(as it was supposed) of grief at our present "King's (Charles the Eighth's) marriage with "the Lady Margaret, the daughter of the Duke "of Austria (his disorder seizing him upon the "news of it); for he then found himself out"witted with respect to his daughter, to whom "he had given the title of Dauphiness*. Upon "this marriage the pension, or (as King Ed"ward called it) the tribute, was stopped.V

"This King," fays Habington, "if we com-"pare his life with the lives of Princes in"general, was worthy to be numbered amongst ** the best. His education was according to the"best provision for his honour and safetie in"arms; a strict and religious discipline, in all

"probabilitie likely to have softened him too"much to mercy and a love of quiet. He had"a great extent of wit, which certainly he owed

* " The King of England," says Comincs, " retired "soon to England. He was not of a complexion or dis"position of mind to endure much hardship and difficulties: "and those any King of England who wishes to make any "cons1derable conquests in France must expect to endure. *' Another design the King of England had in view was, "the accomplishment of the marriage concluded upon be"tween the Dauphin and his daughter; the hopes of this "wedding causing him to overlook several things, which "was a great advantage to our Master's asfairs."

"to ie i6 nature, that age bettering men but little by ** learning; the trumpet sounding still too loud ** in his ears to have admitted the sober counsels "of philosophy; and his wit lay not in the ssights u of cunning and deceit, but in a sharpe appre** hension, yet not too much whetted by super"stition.

** In counsaile he was judicious, with little "diflicultie dispatching much. His understand"ing open to cleare doubts, not dark and "cloudie, and apt to create new. His wifedome looked still directly upon truth, which "appears by the manage of his affaires, both in peace and warre; in neither of which (as farre as concerned the politique part) he committed

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any maine error.

"His nature certainly was both noble and "honest, which, if rectified by the straight rule "of vertue, had rendered him fit for example "(whereas he is only now for observation); for "prosperitee raised him but to acomplacencie in "his fortune, not to a disdaine of others loflses "in a pride of his own acquisitions. And when "he had most securitie in his kingdom, and con"sequently most allurements to tyrannee, then "shewed he himself most familiar and indulgent: "an admirable temperature in a Prince who so


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