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hindered it, by telling him plainly, "that if he * *proceeded, he would put on his cap and "gown, and follow the cause through West** minster-hall."
He took for the motto to his rings, when he was made Serjeant:
Lex est tutijsima cajsts.
The Law is the surest helmet. ..
"This great Lawyer," says Wilson, "was a "man of excellent parts, but not without his "frailties. For as he was a storehouse and maga"zine of the common law for the present times, "and laid such a foundation for the future, that "posterity may for ever build upon, so his "passions and pride were so predominant, that, "boyling over, he lost by them much of his own "fullness, which extinguished not only the valu"ation, but the respect due to his merit.
"A breach," continues Wilson, "happened "between the Lord Chief Justice Coke and the "Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, which made a pas"sage to both their declines. Sir Edward Coke "had heard and determined a cause at common "law, and some report that there was juggling "in the business. The witness that knew and ** should have related the truth was wrought "upon to be absent if any man would under
"take u take to excuse his non-appearance. A prag"matical fellow of the partie undertook it, went "with the witness to a tavern, called for a gal"Ion pot full of sack, bid him drink, and "so leaving him, went into the Court. This "witness is called for the prop of the cause: the "undertaker answers upon oath, that he left "the witness in such a condition, that if he "continues only but a quarter of an hour, he "is a dead man. This evidencing the man's "incapability to come, deaded the matter so, "that it lost the cause. The plaintiffs that had "the injury bring the business about in Chan?c eery. The defendants (having had judgment "at common law) refuse to obey the orders of "the Court; whereupon the Lord Chancellor, "for contempt of the Court, commits them to M prison. They petition against him in the Star"chamber; the Lord Chief Justice Coke joyns "with them in the difference, threatening the "Lord Chancellor with a Pramunire. The "Chancellor makes the King acquainted with "the business, who fends to Sir Francis Bacon "his Attorney-General, Sir Henry Montague, "&c. commanding them to search what prece"dents there have been of late years, wherein "such as have complained in chancery were re"lieved according to equity and conscience after "judgment at common law. They made a re5 "Port
"port favourable to the interference of the "Court of Chancery in such cases. This," adds Wilson, " satisfied the King, justified the "Lord Chancellor, and the Chief Justice re"ceived the foil, which was a bitter potion to "his spirit, but not strong enough to work as "his enemies desired. Therefore, to trouble "him the more, he is brought on his knees at "the Council-table, and three other ingredients "added to the dose, of a more active operation.
"First, He is charged, that when he was the "King's Attorney-General, he concealed a sta"tute of twelve thousand pounds due to the "King from the late Lord Chancellor Hatton, "wherein he deceived the trust reposed in him.
"Secondly, That he uttered words of very "high contempt as he fat on the feat of Justice, "saying, The Common Law of England would "be overthrown, and the light of it obscured, "reflecting upon the King.
"And thirdly, His uncivil and indiscreet "carriage before his Majesty, being assisted by "his Privy Council and Judges, in the cafe of "Commendams*.
* In that business Lord Coke behaved very nobly and spiritedly at first, but afterwards made an improper submiss1on.
** The last he confessed, and humbly craved "his Majesty's pardon. The other two he pal"liated with some colourable excuses, which "were not so well set off but they left such a "tincture behind them, that he was commanded "to retire to private life. And to expiate the "King's anger, he was enjoined in that leisurely "retirement to review his Books of Reports, "which the King was informed had many ex"travagant opinions published for practice and "good law, which must be corrected, and "brought to his Majesty to be perused. And "at his departure from the Council-table, the "Lord Treasurer, the Earl of Salisbury, gave "him a wipe, for suffering his coachman to ride "bare-headed before him in the streets; which "fault he strove to cover, by telling his Lord"ship that his coachman did it for his own "ease."
To the kindness of a learned and ingenious Gentleman, who has had the singular merit of allying Philology to Philosophy, and of giving the certitude of science to Etymology itself, Mr. Horne Tooke*, the Compiler is obliged for
* The learned and elegant Mr. Webb fays of The Diversions of Purley, " It is a most valuable book, and the more "so, as it promises what is much wanted, a new theory of 1,1 language. /, bone, quo ingenlum tvum te vocat."
"Djjsertation on the Chinese Language."
Vol. I. s the the following curious Letter of Sir Edward Coke to the University of Cambridge, when that learned Body was empowered by James the First to fend Representatives to Parliament. The Letter is copied from the Archives of the University.
"Having found by experience in former Par"liaments (and especially when I was Speaker) "how necessary it was for our University to have "Burgesses of Parliament: first, for that the "Colledges and Houses of Learning being "founded partly by the King's progenitors, and "partly by the Nobles and other godly and de"vout men, have local statutes and ordynances "prescribed to them by their founders, as well "for the disposing and preserving of their pos"sessions, as for the good government and vir"tuous education of Students and Schollers "within the fame: secondly, for that to the "dewe observation of those statutes and ordy"nances they are bounden by oath: and lastly, "for that yt is not possible for any one generall "lawe to fitt every particular Colledge, especially "when their private statutes and ordynances be "not knowne: And finding, especially nowe of "late time, that many Bills are preferred in ** Parliament, and some have passed, which con• cern our University; I thought good, out of "the great duety and service I owe to our Uni*e versity, (being one of the famou* eyes of the 5 r "Common