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"Sr Julius Cæsar (Master of the Rolls) sent to his Lop, in his necessity, a hundred pounds"for a present.

"His Lordship would often drinke a good "draught of strong beer (March beer) to bed"wards, to lay his working fancy asleep, which otherwise would keepe him from sleeping great "part of the night.

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"He had a delicate lively hazel eie. Dr. "Harvey sayd to me, it was like the eie of a viper.

"I have now forgott what Mr. Bushell fayed, "wether his Lordship enjoyed his muse best at "night or in the morning."

Mr. Hobbes told Mr. Aubrey, that " the cause "of his Lop1 death was trying an experiment, "viz. As he was taking the aire in a coach with "Dr. Witherborne towards Highgate, snow lay "on the ground, and it came into my Lord's "thoughts why flesh might not be preserved in "snow as in salt. They were resolved to try "the experiment, and staid so long in doing it, "that Lord Bacon got a shivering fit. He went "to Lord Arundel's house at Highgate, where

"he ** he was put into a damp bed, and died a few "days afterwards."

Lord Bacon fays finely of Christianity, " There "hath not been discovered in any age, any phi"losophy, opinion, religion, law, or discipline, "which so greatly exalts the common, and "lessens individual interest, as the Christian re"ligion doth."

His rule respecting study, and the application of the powers of the mind, is excellent: " Prac"tise them chiefly at two several times; the "one when the mind is well disposed, the other "when it is worst disposed; that by the one you "may gain a great step, by the other you may "work out the knots and stondes of the mind, "and make the middle times more easy and "pleasant." .

Lord Bacon thus inscribed the seat in Gray's Inn Gardens, which he had put up to the memory of his friend Mr. Bettenham:

"Francisau Bacon Regis Sollicitor Generalis "Executor Tejlamcnti "Jeremia Bettenham nuper "Lecloris bujus Hospitij Viri innocentis abftinentis ** & contemplativi Hanc Sedem in Memoriam 'ejus~ ** dem Jeremia exjiruxit

• "Anno Dom. 1609."

R 3 Wilson,

Wilson, in speaking of the sentence passed upon the Lord Treasurer, observes, " Which sentence "was pronounced by the Lord Chancellor Ba"con, who though he were of transcendent "parts, yet was he tainted with the same infec** tion, and not many years after perished in his "own corruption; which shews, that neither "example nor precept (he having seen so many, "and been made capable of so much) can be a "pilot sufficient to any port of happiness (though "Reason be never so able to direct) if Grace ** doth not give the gale."

The following letter of Lord Bacon is preserved in Sir Toby Mathews' Collection of English Letters. It is not inserted in the Folio Edition of Lord Bacon's Works, but is a striking instance of the resources of the mind which this great though unfortunate man possessed; it is also an exquisite comment upon the celebrated sentence of Lactantius: .'

.** Eruditio inter prosper? osnamentuminter adversa "refugium."

THE LORD VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN's (BACON) TO THE BISHOP OF WINCHESTER (ANDREWS), AFTER HIS FALL. IT ACQUAINTS HIM BOTH WITH HIS COMFORTS AND HIS WRITINGS. ,

"MY LORD, • t\'•' i'

** Amongst comforts, it is not the least to "represent to a man's self the like examples of

** calamity ** calamity in others. For examples make a "quicker impression than arguments; and be"sides, they inform us of that which the Scrip"ture also propounds to us for our satisfaction, ** that no new thing has happened to us. This "they do the better, by how much the examples ** are more like in circumstances to our own "cafe, and yet more particularly, if they fall "upon persons who are greater and worthier "than ourselves. For as it savours of vanity to "match ourselves highly in our own conceit; "so, on the other side, it is a good and sound "conclusion, that if our betters have sustained "the like events, we have the less cause to be "grieved.

"In this kind of consolation I have not been "wanting to myself, though as a Christian I "have tasted (through God's great goodness) "of higher remedies. Having therefore, through "the variety of my reading, set before me many "examples, both of ancient and latter times, my "thoughts, I confess, have chiefly stayed upon "three particulars, as both the most eminent and "most resembling; all three persons who had "held chief place and authority in their coun"tries; all three ruined, not by war or any "other disaster, but by justice and sentence, as "delinquents and criminals; and all three fa"mous writers. Insomuch as the remembrance R 4 "of "of their calamity is now to posterity but as "some little night-piece, remaining amongst the "fair and excellent tables of their acts and "works. And all three (if that were anything * * to the matter) are fit examples to quench any "man's ambition of rising again; for that they "were, every one of them, restored with great "glory; but to their further ruin and destruc"tion, all ending in a violent death.

i *

"The men were Demosthenes, Cicero, and "Seneca; persons with whom I durst not claim "any affinity at all, if the similitude of our for** tunes had not contracted it.

"When I cast mine eyes upon these exam"pies, I was carried further on to observe, how "they bore their fortunes; and principally how "they employed their times, being banished, "and disabled for public business; to the end "that I might learn by them, that so they might "be as well my counsellors as my comforters. "Whereupon I happened to note how diverfly *: their fortunes wrought upon their minds, es"pecially in that point at which I aimed most; "which was, the employing of their times and ** pens. In Cicero, I saw that, during his ba"nishment (which was almost for two years) he ** was so softened and dejected, as that he wrote ** nothing but a few womanish epistles. And

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