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“ as gently walking, coaching, slow riding, play" ing at bowls, and other such like exercises. 6 Yet he would lose no time; for upon his first “ return he would immediately fall to reading 6 or thinking again ; and so suffered no moment 66 to be lost and past by him unprofitably. You “ might call his table a refection of the ear as “ well as of the stomach, like the Noctes Attica, or « entertainments of the Deipnosophists, wherein “ a man might be refreshed in his mind and " understanding no less than in his body. I “ have known some men of mean parts that 66 have professed to make use of their note-books “ when they have risen from his table. He “ never took a pride (as is the humour of fome) « in putting any of his guests, or those that dis“ coursed with him, to the blush, but was ever “ ready to countenance their abilities, whatever as they were. Neither was he one that would 6 appropriate the discourse to himself alone, but " left a liberty to the rest to speak in their turns, 66 and he took a pleasure to hear a man speak « in his own faculty, and would draw him on " and allure him to discourse upon different sub" jects: and for himself, he despised no man's

observations, but would light his torch at any ¢ man's candle.”

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Mr. Osborn, who knew Lord Bacon personally, in his “ Advice to his Son,” thus de.

scribes scribes him :-“ Lord Bacon, Viscount St. Al“ ban’s, in all companies did appear a good pro“ ficient (if not a master) in those arts entertained “ for the subject of every one's discourse; so as “ I dare maintain, without the least affectation < of flattery or hyperbole, that his most casual “ talk deserveth to be written, as I have been 6 told that his first or foulest copies required no “ great labour to render them competent for “ the nicest judgments; a high perfection, at“ tainable only by use, and treating with every " man in his respective profession, and what he

was most versed in. So as I have heard him “ entertain a Country Lord in the proper terms “ relating to hawks and dogs, and at another “ time outcant a London Chirurgeon. Thus he “ did not only learn himself, but gratify such as “ taught him, who looked upon their callings « as honourable through his notice. Nor did “ an easie falling into arguments (not unjustly «s taken for a blemish in the most) appear less s than an ornament in him ; the ears of the “ hearers receiving more gratification than trou“ ble, and (fo) no less sorry when he came to « conclude, than displeased with any that did “ interrupt him. Now this general know56 ledge he had in all things, husbanded by his “ wit, and dignified by so majestical a carriage “ he was known to owe, strook such an awful reverence in those he questioned, that they

6 durft


s durst not conceal the most intrinsick part of “ their mysteries from him, for fear of appearing « ignorant or faucy; all which rendered him no « less necessary than admirable at the Council, sc table, where, in reference to Impositions, Mo. “ nopolies, &c, the meanest manufactures were “ an usual argument; and (as I have heard) did “ in this bassle the Earl of Middlesex, that was

born and bred a citizen, &c. yet without any « great (if at all) interrupting his other studies, « as is not hard to be imagined of a quick ap.

prehension, in which he was admirable."

Lord Bacon is buried in a small obscure church in St. Alban's, where the gratitude of one of his fervants, Mr. Meatys, has raised a monument to him; a gratitude which should be imitated on a larger scale, and in a more illustrious place of sepulture, by a great and opulent Nation, who may well boast of the honour of having had such an ornament to human nature born among them, In this age of liberality, distinguished as well by possessing lovers of the arts as great artists themfelves, foreigners should no longer look in vain for the juit tribute of our veneration to the me. mory of this great man, and that of Mr. Boyle and Mr. Locke, in our magnificent repositories of the dead; and now indeed by the opering of St. Paul's to monuments to Dr. Johnson and Mr. Howard, and by the wife and liberal regula


tions entered into by the Chapter of that Cathedral, Gwynn's idea of a British Temple of Fame may be completely realized.

But there is also wanting another monument to Lord Bacon-the history of his life and writings *; a work often mentioned by that great master of biography Dr. Johnson, as a work which he himself should like to undertake, and to which he wished to add a complete edition of Lord Bacon's English writings. Mr. Mallet has indeed written a life of this great man, but it is very scanty and imperfect, and says very little either of the philosophy of Lord Bacon or of those that preceded him; on which account Bishop Warburton, in his strong manner, said, “ that he supposed if 6 Mr. Mallet were to write the life of the Duke « of Marlborough, he would never once mention “ the military art.”

Lord Bacon died at Lord Arundel's house at Highgate, in his way to Gorhambury, being seized with the stroke of death as he was making fome philosophical experiments. He dictated the

* “ What a pity it is that no good memoir (scarce in. “ decd any memoir at all) of this restorer of philosophy has * ever appeared! and how much is such a work to be deof fired by all true lovers of literature.”—Dr. Jortin.

following following letter to Lord Arundel three days bem

fore he died; and it must be perused with a · melancholy pleasure, as the last letter this great

man ever dictated.

"MY VERY GOOD LORD, « I was likely to have had the fortune of « Caius Plinius the elder, who lost his life by « trying an experiment about the burning of the

mountain Vesuvius ; for I was desirous to try “ an experiment or two touching the conserva. 66 tion and enduration of bodies. As for the

experiment itself, it succeeded extremely well; “ but on the journey (between London and • Highgate) I was taken with such a fit of cast6 ing as I knew not whether it were the stone, or “ some surfeit, or cold, or indeed a touch of 66 them all three. But when I came to your " Lordship's house I was not able to go back, " and therefore was forced to take my lodging 6 here, where your housekeeper is very careful " and diligent about me; which I assure myself “ your Lordship will not only pardon towards “ him, but think the better of him for it; for « indeed your Lordship’s house was happie to 6 me, and I kiffe your noble hands for the well“ come which I am sure you give me to it. I 66 know how unfit it is for me to write to your “ Lordship with any pen but my own, but in

of truth

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