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te was he in this piece of pafsion, which had its is suddaine variation from a stern and furious 66 anger to a soft and melting affection, which “ made Gib no loser by the bargaine.”—The History of Great Britain, containing the Life and Reign of King James the First. By ARTHUR Wilson, Elg. Folio. 1652.
" A new incroachment upon the Sabbath *,” says Wilson, “ gave both King and People more 6s liberty to profane the day with authority; for " if the Court were to remove on Monday, the
King's carriages must go out the day before: « all times were alike; and the Court being to “ remove to Theobalds the next day, the car* riages went through the City of London on the 66 Sabbath, with a great deal of clatter and noise " in the time of divine service. The Lord Mayor,
hearing of it, commanded them to be stopt ; 6 and this carryed the officers of the carriages “ with a great deal of violence to the Court; and “ the business being presented to the King with " as much asperity as men in authoritie (crossed “ in their humors) could express it, it put the “ King into a great rage, swearing, he thought " there had been no more Kings in England " but himself; yet, after he was a little cooled,
* Book of Sports, put forth by proclamation in 1617, the fifteenth year of the reign of this Prince. VOL. I.
6 he sent a warrant to the Lord Maior, comu manding him to let them pass, which he « obeyed, with this answer : “ While it was in “ my power, I did my duty; but that being “ taken away by a higher power, it is my duty “ to obey.' Which the King, upon fecond “ thoughts, took well, and thanked him for it.”
James, by a proclamation in the seventh year of his reign, on the mature' deliberation of his Council, forbad all new buildings within ten miles of London; and commanded, that if in spite of this ordinance there should be any set up, they should be pulled down, though notice was not taken of them till seven years afterwards. At the suggestion, however, of Archbishop Bancroft, James did not oppose the building of a College at Chelsea *, “ wherein,” says Wilson, " the choicest and ablest scholars of the king, 6 dom, and the most pregnant wits in matters “ of controversy, were to be associated under a “ Provost, with a free and ample allowance not
* The site of this College is now the Royal Hospital at Chelsea. The College was abandoned soon after the death of Bancroft ; “ the King," says Wilson, “ wisely consider. “ ing, that nothing begets more contention than opposition, “ and that such fuellers as the Professors of it would be apt « to inflame rather than quench the heat that would arise “ from those embers.”
The Plan and Expence of Chelsea College are said to have been Dr. Sutcliffe's.
“ exceeding three thousand pounds a year, 66 whose design was to answer all Popish Priests “ and others that vented their malignant fpirits “ against the Protestant religion.”
* In the reign of this Prince,” says Wilson, 56 England was not only man'd with Jesuits, (all “ power failing to oppose them,) but the women “ also began to practise the trade, calling them. “selves Jefuitrices. This Order was first set 46. afoot in Flanders, by Mistres Ward, and & Mistres Twittie, two English gentlewomen, 66 who clothed themselves in Ignatian habit, and «' were countenanced and supported by Father « Gerrard, Rector of the English College at 6. Leige, with Father Flack, and Father More. 66. But Father Singleton, Father Benefield, and 66 others, opposed them, and would not bless 6 them with an Ite prædicate, for their design “ was to preach the Gospel to their sex in Eng“ land. And in a short time this Mistres Ward “ (by the Pope's indulgence) became the Mo66 ther-generall of no less than two hundred “ English damsels of good birth and quality, .“ whom she sent abroad to preach, and they 66 were to give account to her of their apostolick
The original of the following Letter of this unfortunate Princess, daughter of James the First, King of England, is in the Collection of Royal Letters in the British Museum.
SIR, “ I have received your kind letter and learned 66 discourse with much contentement. Indeed, 6 we have suffered much wrong in this world, 66 yet I complain not at it, because when God “ pleaseth we fhall have right. In the mean o time, I am much beholden to you for your “ good affection, hoping you will not be wearie " to continue your friendlie offices towards me, « in the place where you fitt, which shall never “ be forgotten by “ Your most assured friend,
LADY ARABELLA STUART.
.66 The great match that was lately stolen be. 16 twixt the Lady Arabella * and young Beau6 champ t, provides them both of fafe lodgings: 66 the lady close prisoner at Sir Thomas Perry's «s house at Lambeth, and her husband in the * Tower. Melvin, the poetical Minister, wel. 66 comed him thither with this distich: " Communis tecum mihi caufâ eft carceris. Ara“ - Bella tibi causa est, araque facra mihi.
• Wynwode's State Papers.”
Lady Arabella escaped from her confinement, and got on board a French vessel beyond Gravesend.
In a letter of Mr. More to Sir Ralph Winwood, it is said, “ Now the Kyng and the Lords being 66 much disturbed with this unexpected accident, is my Lord Treasurer sent orders to a pinnace
* Lady Arabella was the daughter of Charles Stuart, younger brother to James the Firft's father.
+ Sir William Beauchamp, son of Edward Lord Beauchamp, and grandson to the Earl of Hertford. He was made Governor to Charles the Second when Prince of Wales, and created Marquis of Hertford by Charles the First,