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"age may perchance purchase a long standing "upon the stage."
** Contrariewise, a witte in youth that is not ** over dulle, heavie, knottie, and lumpishe, but "hard, tough, and though somewhat staffishe (as "Tullie wisheth, otium quietum non languidum, "et negotium cum labore, non cum periculo); such "a witte, I say, if it be at the sirst well handled "by the mother, and rightlie smoothed and "wrought as it should, not overwartlie, and "against the wood, by the scholemaster, both "for learning and hole course of living, proveth "alwaies the best. In woode and stone, not the * *softest but hardest be alwaies aptest for por"traiture, both fairest for pleasure, and most "durable for profit. Hard wittes be hard to ** receive, but sure to keepe; painful without "wearienesse, heedfull without wavering, con"stant without newfanglenesse; bearing heavy "thinges, though not lightlie yet willinglie; "entring hard thinges, though not easilie yet "deeplie 5 and so come to that perfectnesse of "learning in the end, that quick wittes seem in "hope, but do not in dede, or else verie seldome, ** ever attaine unto. Also, for manners and "lyfe, hard wittes commonlie are hardlie carried ** either to desire everie newe thinge, or else to 04 "marvel "marvel at everie strange thinge; and therefore "they be carefull and diligent in their own mat"ters, not curious and busey in other men's "asfaires, and so they become wise themfelves, **and also are counted honest by others. They "be grave, stedfast, silent of tongue, secret of "hart: not hastie in making, but constant in ** keepinge any promise: not rashe in uttering, "but ware (wary) in considering every matter: "and thereby not quicke in speaking, but deepe "of judgement, whether they write or give "counsell in all weightie affaires. And theis be "the men that become in the ende both most "happie for themselves, andalwaiesbest esteemed "abrode in the world."
In the golden days of good Queen Bess, those halcyon days to which every Englishman affects to look up with rapture, the punishment for a libel was sometimes striking off the hand of the unfortunate offender. Mr. Page, who had written a pamphlet upon the Queen's marriage with the Duke of Anjou, suffered that punishment; and, according to that very elegant miscellany the " Nuga Antique" made the following manly
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and spirited speech upon the scaffold before his hand was chopped off.
"Fellow-countrymen, I am come hither to - " receive the law according to my judgment, and "thanke the God of all; and of this I take "God to witness, (who knoweth the hartes of "all men,) that as I am sorrie I have offended "her Majestie, so did I never meane harme to "her Majestie's person, crown or dignity, but "have been as true a subject as any was in "England to the best of my abilitie, except "none. Then holding up his right hand, he "said, This hand did I put to the plough, and "got my living by it many years. If it would "have pleased her Highness to have taken my ** left hand, or my life, she had dealt more fa"vourably with me; for now I have no means "to live; but God (which is the Father of us "all) will provide for me. I beseech you all, "good people, to pray for me, that I may take "my punishment patiently. And so he laid "his right hand upon the block, and prayed the "executioner to dispatch him quickly. At two "blows his hand was taken off. So lifting up "the bleeding stump, and pointing to the block, "he said to the by-standers, See, I have left ** there a true Englishman's hand. And so he "went from the scaffold very stoutly, and with ** great courage."
With what indignation must the unnecessary cruelty of the punishment, and the noble intrepidity of the sufferer, have affected the spectators of this disgrace to justice and humanity!
JAMES THE FIRST.
On the devolution of the kingdom of England to this Monarch, Henry the Fourth of France said, "En verite, c'ejl un trap beau morfeau pour un "pedant"
The entrance of this Prince into England is thus described by Wilson:
"But our King coming through the North, "(banqueting and feasting by the way,) the "applause of the people in so obsequious and "submissive a manner (stil admiring change) "was checkt by an honest plain Scotsman (un"used to hear such humble acclamations) with "a prophetical expression: This people will spoyl "a gude King, The King as unused, so tired "with multitudes, especially in his hunting, "(which he did as he went), caused an inhibi"tion to be published, to restrain the people from
"hunting ** hunting him. Happily being fearfull of so ** great a concourse as this novelty produced, "the old hatred betwixt the Borderers, not yet ** forgotten, might make him apprehend it to "be of a greater extent; though it was generally "imputed to a desire of enjoying his recreations "without interruption."
James was extremely fond of hunting, and very severe against those who disturbed him in the pursuit of that amusement. "I dare boldly say," says Osborn with some spleen, " that one man "in his reign might with more safety have killed "another than a rascal deer; but if a stag had "been known to have miscarried, and the author "fled, a proclamation, with the description of *t the party, had been presently penned by the "Attorney-General, and the penalty of his Ma** jesty's high displeasure (by which was under"stood the Star-chamber) threatened against all ** that did abet, comfort, or relieve him: thus "satyrical, or, if you please, tragical, was this "sylvan Prince against deer-killers, and indul"gent to man-flayers.—But, lest this expression "should be thought too poetical for an historian, "I shall leave his Majesty dressed to posterity in ** the colours I saw him in the next progress "after his inauguration, which was as green as "the grafs he trod on, with a feather in his cap,