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“ (where was also the Prince of Orange, with 66 all the great Princes of the State,) the Earle, “ though he could reasonably well speake “ French, would not speak one French word, “ but all English. Whether he asked any quef6 tion or answered it, all was done by Truchemen (interpreters); insomuch as the Prince of “ Orange, marvelling at it, looked aside on “ that part where I stood a beholder of all the 6 feaste, and fayed, I marvel your Noblemen w of England doe not desire to be better lan“ guaged in the foreigne languages. , . This 6 word was by and by repeated to the Earl " again. Tell my Lord the Prince, quoth he, " that I love to speak in that language in which “ I can best utter my mind, and not mistake.”

SIR ROGER CHAMLOE. “ It is a notable tale,” says Roger Ascham, in his Schoolmaster, “ that old Syr Roger “ Chamloe, sometime Chiefe Justice, would o tell of himselfe. When he was Auncient in “ Inn of Court, certaine yong Jentlemen were • brought before him to be corrected for cer.

taine misorders, and one of the lustiest fayde, " Sir, we be yong Jentlemen, and wise men

66 before 66 before us have proved all facions, and yet 6 those have done full well. This they fayd, « because it was well known that Syr Roger “ had been a good felloe in his youth. But he “ answered them very wiselie: Indeede (faith he) « in youthe I was as you are now, and I had 4 twelve felloes like unto myself, but not one of

them came to a good ende. And therefore, “ folowe not my example in youth, but folowe 4 my councell in age, if ever ye think to come

to this place, or to theis yeares that I am " come unto, lefle ye meet either with povertie “ or Tiburn in the way.


" Syr RICHARD SACKVILLE, a worthie 66 Jentleman of worthie memorie, in the Queene's “ (Elizabeth) privie chamber at Windsore, after « he had talked with me for the right choice of “ a good witte in a childe for learnyng, and of “ the trewe difference betwixt quicke and harde 6 wittes; of alluring young children by jentle. 6 ness to love learnyng, and of the speciall “ care that was to be had, to keepe young men 6 from licentious livyng; he was most earnest " with me to have me fay my mynde also, what

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I thought 6 I thought concerning the fansie that many “ young Jentlemen of Englande have to travell “ abroad, and namely to lead a long life in “ Italie. His request, both for his authoritie “s and good will toward me, was a fufficient « commaundement unto me, to satisfie his plea“ fure with utteryng plainlie my opinion in that “ matter. Syr (quoth I) I take goyng thither, " and livyng there, for a yonge Jentleman, that “ doth not goe under the kepe and garde of “ such a man, as both by wisedome can, and 6C authoritie dare rewle him, to be marvelous “ dangerous.”

“ Tyme was,” says Ascham, in another part of his learned and excellent Treatise of the Schoolmaster, “ when Italie and Rome have “ bene, to the great good of us that now live, « the best breeders and bringers up of the " worthiest men, not onlie for wise speakinge, 66 but also for well doinge, in all civil affaires, *** that ever was in the worlde. But now that 66 tyme is gone, and though the place remayne, 4 yet the olde and present manners do differ as - farre as blacke and white, as virtue and vice. “ Virtue once made that countrie mistress over 6 all the world; vice now maketh that countrie “ slave to them, that before were glad to serve " it. Italie now, is not that Italie it was wont

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65 to be; and therefore now not so fitte a place “ as fome do counte it, for yong men to fetch 5 either wisedome or honesty from thence. For “ surelie they will make others but bad scholers,

that be so ill masters to themselves.”

“ If you think,” says this learned man in another place, “ that we judge amiffe, and write “ too fore against you, heare what the Italian “ fayth of the Englishman; what the master “ reporteth of the scholer, who uttereth plainlie “ what is taught by him, and what is learned “ by you, saying, Englese Italianato, e un Diabolo incarnato: that is to say, You remain men in “ shape and facion, but become Devils in life 6 and conversation.

“ I was once in Italie myself, but I thank " God my abode there was but nine daies; and “ yet I sawe in that little tyme in one citie (Venice) more libertie to sinne, than I ever “ yet heard tell of in London in nine yeare.”

Afcham thus excellently illustrates the difference between persons of quick and of sound parts :

“ Commonlie, men very quicke of witte be “ also very light of conditions; and thereby very “ readie of disposition to be carried over quick03

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" lię by any light companie to any riot and une 6 thriftinefse when they be young; and there. « fore seldom either honest of life, or riche in

living, when they be old. For quicke in wit “ and light in manners be either seldome « troubled, or very soon wery, in carrying a «verie hevie purse. Quick wittes also be in « most part of all their doings over quick, haftie, « rashe, headie, and brainficke. These two last “ wordes, Headie and Brainsicke, be fitte and “ proper wordes, rising naturally of the matter, " and tearmed aptlie by the condition of over “ much quicknesle of witte,"

“ They be like trees, that shew forth faire “ blossoms and broad leaves in spring time, but “ bring out small and not long lasting fruit in “ harvest time, and that only such as fall and “ rotte before they be ripe, and so never or sel“ dome come to any good at all. For this ye “ fhall find most true by experience, thạt amongst “ a number of quicke wittes in youth, fewe bę 6 found, in the end, either verie fortunate for " themselves, or very profitable to serve the « Commonwealth, but decay and vanish, men « know not which way, except a verie fewe, to “ whom peradventure blood and happy parent


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