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** Visitors, the fame nowe bi the Queen's Majesu tie's Visitours retorned to them, your orders "of late, with consent of the body of the Uni"versify, the Queene's Highness pleasure sent to "them by my letter; you, the Chancellor, of "the Privy Councill, and in such place and cre"dyt as ye be, would ye suffer so much authority "to be borne under foote by a bragging braynles "head or two? In my opinion, your conscience "shall never be excusable (I praye your charitie "pardon my plainnes) ex intimo corde expurd con** scientid coram Deo et Chrijlo ejus I speke, we "mar our religion; our circumspection so va"riable (as though it was not God's cause which "we would defend) maketh cowards thus to "cocke over us. I do not like that the Com* * missioners letters should go to private Colleges, ** especially after so much passed. I must saye "as Demosthenes answered, what was the chief "part in rhetorick, the second and the third; "Pronunciation, sayd he; so saye I, Execution, "execution, execution of lawes and orders must "be the first and the last part of governance; "although I yet admit moderators for tymes, "places, multitudes,&c. and hereafter, for God's ** love never styr any alterations, except it be "fairly meant to have them established. For "or ellis we should hold us in no certaintye, "but be ridiculous to our adversaries, and con

"temned "temned of our own, and gyve the adventure "of more dangers. And thus ye must pardon "my boldnes. For my own part, I repose my"self in Jilentio et in spe, et fortitudo mea eft "Dominus, howsoever the world fawneth or "frowneth.

"Your, in Christ our Lord,"Matth. Cant."

"To the Right Honnble
"Mr. Secretary.
"October 8, 1565.


There is a very pretty little book in French, called " Great Events from Little Causes," by M. Richer. He supposes the Peace of Utrecht to have arisen from the Duchess of Marlborough's spilling some water upon Queen Anne's gown.

In that very entertaining piece of biography "Sir George Paul's Life of Archbishop Whit* "gift," there is a trissing circumstance mentioned, which, in the opinion of a very acute and intelligent Lady, perhaps gave rife to the sect; of the Dissenters in England.


The circumstance is this:—" The first discon"tentment of Master Cartwright (a Fellow of "Trinity College, Cambridge, and a celebrated ** disputant) grew at a publick Act in that Uni"versity before Queen Elizabeth, because Master "Preston, (then of King's College, and after"wards Master of Trinity Hall,) for his comely "gesture and pleasing pronunciation, was both "liked and rewarded by her Majesty, and him"self received neither reward nor commenda"tion, presuming on his own good scholarship. "This his no small grief he uttered unto divers "of his friends in Trinity College, who were "also much discontented, because the honour "of the disputation did not redound unto their "College. Master Cartwright, immediately "aster her Majesty's neglect of him, began to "trade into divers opinions, as that of the dis"cipline, and to kick against her Ecclesiastical "Government; and that he might the better ** feed his mind with novelties, he travelled to "Geneva, where he was so far carried away "with an affection of their new-devised dis"cipline, as that he thought all Churches and "Congregations for Governments Ecclesiastical "were to be measured and squared by the prac"tice of Geneva. Therefore, when he returned "home he took many exceptions against the "established Government of the Church of 5 "England, "England, and the observation of its rites and "ceremonies, and the administration of its Holy "Sacraments, and buzzed these conceits into ** the heads of divers young Preachers and "Scholars of the University of Cambridge, and "drew after him a great number of disciples and "followers. Cartwright afterwards disturbs the ** state of the University; is recommended to "be quiet, but to no purpose; and is at last ex"pelled, after having refused to assist at a con** ference which Archbishop Whitgift osfered *c him. Cartwright afterwards published, in * 1591, a book of New Discipline, for which "he was proceeded against in the Star Cham« ber."

Hooker, speaking of Archbishop Whitgift, says, " he always governed with that moderation "which useth by patience to suppress boldness, ** and to make them conquer that suffer." The Archbishop was anxious that the Curates' stipends should be raised. His Biographer fays of him, "In letting leases of his impropriations, if he ** found his Curates' wages small, he would "abate much of his fine to increase their pen"sions, some ten pounds by the year, as Maid« stone, &c."

"Queen Elizabeth," continues the Archbishop's Biographer, " told his Grace, that

« she ** she would have the discipline of the Church 6F England of all men duly to be observed ** Without alteration of the least ceremony; "conceiving that these Novelists might have "wrought the fame mischief in her kingdom "which the turbulent Oratbrs of Sparta did in

• that Commonwealth, so wisely settled by Ly"curgus's Laws, which, whilst they took upon "themselves to amend, they miserably defaced "and deformed; the inconvenience of which "kind of reasoning the Queen had taken out of

* the Greek Poet Aratus, who, when one asked ** him how he might have Homer's Poems free ** from faults and corruptions, replied, Get an "old copy not reformed; for curious wits, "labouring to amend things well done, com"monly either quite mar them, or at least make "them worse."


"This Nobleman," says Puttenham, " pass*e ing from England towards Italie, by her Ma** jestie Queen Elizabeth's licence, was very ** honourably entertained at the Court of Bruf** fells by the Lady Duchess of Parma, Regent "there. And sitting at a banquet with her, Vol. 1. o "(where

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