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Essex's liberal behaviour to Lord Bacon will ever endear his memory to all lovsrs of the writings of that great man: on Queen Elizabeth's refusing the place of Solicitor General to him, though Lord Essex had importuned her very much to give it to him, he sent for Mr. Bacon, and told him, " I know that you are the least part "of your own matter, but you fare ill because "you have chosen me for your mean and de"pendance. You have spent your time and "thoughts in my matters. I die, if I do not ** somewhat towards your fortune. You shall ** not deny to accept a piece of land, which I "will bestow upon you." Mr Bacon answered, "that for his fortune it was no great matter, ** but that his Lordship's offer made him call to "mind what used to be said when he was in "France of the Duke of Guise, that he was the ** greatest usurer in that kingdom; because he "had turned all his estates into obligations, ** having left himself nothing, and to have only "bound numbers of persons to himself. Now, "my Lord," said he, " I would not have you "imitate this course, nor turn your estate thus, "by greatest gifts to obligations; for you will "find many bad debtors." The Earl bade him take no care for that, and pressed his offer; upon which Mr. Bacon said, " I see, my Lord, that I ** must be your homager, and hold land of your
** gift. But do you know the manner of doing ** homage in this land? It is always with a saving '** . of his faith to the King and the other Lords; "and therefore, my Lord, I can be no more ** yours than I was, and it must be with the "ancient savings •, and if I grow to be a rich ** man, you will give me leave to give it back ** again to some of your unrewarded followers."
"This land," fays Dr. Birch, in his entertaining Memoirs of Queen Elizabeth, "was "Twickenham park and garden, which was fold ** afterwards for one thousand eight hundred "pounds, and was thought to be worth more."
The hatred between Lord Essex and Sir Walter Raleigh is well known: Sir Walter had landed at Fayal in the Island of Madeira, in direct contradiction to the precife commands of Lord Essex, who commanded in that expedition; and who, being pressed by some persons to bring him to a Court Martial, nobly replied, " I would "do it immediately, if he were my friend."
Queen Elizabeth was very irresolute respecting the execution of Lord Essex. Her pride was hurt at his not imploring her to pardon him.
When Essex was told by Dr. Barlow, that his popularity had spurred him on to his fate, and
that that the people had deceived him; he laid, "True, Sir, a man's friends will fail him; all "popularity and trust in man is vain, whereof ** myself have had late experience."
Secretary Cecil acknowledged, that his Lordship suffered with great patience and humility; only (notwithstanding his resolution that he must die) the conflict between the flesh and the spirit did appear thus far, that he was fain to be helped, otherwise no man living could pray more christfanly than he did.
ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.
This learned Man, the second Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, was distinguished by his hatred to the Puritans, and by his extreme desire to effect an uniformity of habits and of ceremonies in the Church.
The two following Letters display the Archbishop's character to advantage: the first shews his abhorrence of imposture; and the other exhibits a specimen of the spirit and resolution with which he opposed innovation.
* * I had rather you understood a truth by my "report in suche matters wherein I am a doer, "than by the uncertain speech of the Court. I ** have travailed much by myself, alone, for the ** want of other Commissioners, to trie out a ** Possession which was very ernestlie beleeved and "set forth, and by printe recondict and spredd ** without lycense. The two printers whereof, "with others that fold thefe pamphlets, were "commytted to prison. And if I had my will, "I would commytt some of the principal actresses ** to pryson, to learn them hereafter not to abuse "the Queen's Majestie's people so basely, falsely, "and impudently. After I had by divers exami** nations tryed out the falsehood, I required Sir "Rowland Hayward and Mr. Recorder of the "City to be assistant with me, who heard the "wench examined and confessed, and plaied her "pranks before them. We had the father and "the mother, by which mother this wench was "counselled and supported; and yet would she "not confess any thing. Whose stubbornesse ** we considering, sent her to close prison at "Westminster Gate; where me remaineth, "until her daughter and another maid of Loth** burie have openlie done their penance at Paul's ** Crosse, as it is ordered.
"I am so greeved with such dissemblers, that ** I cannot be quiett with myself. I doo intend, "because their bookes are so spredd abroade and "believed, to set out a confutation of the fare "falsehood. The tragedie is so large that I might "spend much time to trouble your Honor withal; "but brieflie I have sent to your Lordship a copie "of the vaine book, printed, and a copie of their "confessions at length. And thus knowing that "your Lordship is at the Court, I thought good "to fend to you, wishing his Majestie and all you "way ting upon him, a prosperous retorne. From "my house at Lambeth, this Frydaie the 13th of « August,
"Your L. loving friend,
"Matthew Cantuar." * * To the Right Honnble my ** verie good Lord, the L. "Treasurer of England."
* * I retorne to your Honor agayn your letters, "by wch may be understanded that ye have them "ready to execute your orders of the best sort, "and of the most part excepting a fewe Catylyns, "who bi sufferance will infect the whole Coll. "Whereupon, when King Edward's statutes ** stablished by his Counsell, delivered them bi his