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« who will feed and fawn upon thee in the ♡ summer of profperitie; but, in an adverse 6 storme, they will shelter thee no more than an “ arbour in winter. ,
6 5. Beware of suretyship for thy best friends. “ He that payeth another man's debts, seeketh “ his own decay; but if thou canst not otherwise schufe, rather lend thy money thyself upon “ good bonds, although thou borrow it, fo fhalt “ thou secure thyself, and pleasure thy friend. " Neither borrow money of a neighbour nor a “ friend, but of a stranger; where, paying for “ it, thou shalt hear no more of it; otherwise 6 thou shalt eclipse thy credit, lose thy freedom, " and yet pay as 'dear a3 to another. But in “ borrowing of money, be precious of thy word, 6 for he that hath care of keeping days of pay66 ment, is lord of another man's purse.
66 6. Undertake no suit against a poor man, es without receiving much wrong; for, besides « (that) thou makelt him thy compeer, it is a
« base conquest to triumph where there is small La resistance. Neither attempt law against any
66 man, before thou be fully resolved that thou
“ followed and obtained, will free thee from suits . " a great part of thy life.
« 7. Be
66 7. Be sure to keep some great man thy “ friend, but trouble him not for trifles. Com. “ pliment him often with many, yet small gifts, « and of little charge; and if thou hast cause to 6 bestow any great gratuity, let it be something 56 which may be daily in fight, otherwise, in this 66 ambitious age, thou shalt remain like a hop 66 without a pole, live in obscurity, and be made “ a foot-ball for every insulting companion to “ spurn at.
6 8. Towards thy superiors be humble, yet
generous; with thine equals, familiar, yet rea 66 spective. Towards thine inferiours shew much 6 humanity, and some familiarity, as to bow the 6 body, stretch forth the hand, and to uncover " the head, with such like popular compliments. “ The first prepares thy way to advancement i " the second makes thee knowne for a man well “ bred; the third gains a good report, which, “ once got, is easily kept, for right humanitie “ takes such deep root in the minds of the mul. “ titude, as they are easilier gained by unprofit« able curtesies than by churlish benefits. Yet " I advise thee not to affcet or neglect popularitie s6 too much. Seeke not to be Effex. Shunne “ to be Rawleigh.
6 9. Trust not any man with thy life, credit, “ or estate, for it is mere folly for a man to en
6 thrali " thrall himself to his friend, as though, occasion « being offered, he should not dare to become “ thine enemie.
* 10. Be not fcurrilous in conversation, nor
satyricall in thy jests. The one will make « thee unwelcome to all company, the other « pull on quarrels, and get thee hatred of " thy best friends; for suspitious jests (when « any of them favour of truth) leave a bitterness « in the mindes of those which are touched. “ And albeit I have already pointed at this in. « clusively, yet I think it necessary to leave it to 6 thee as a speciall caution, because I have seene “ many fo prone to quip and gird, as they 66 would rather leese their friend then their jest ; « and if perchance their boiling braine yield a 6c quaint scoffe, they will travell to be delivered « of it as a woman with child. These nimble 66 fancies arę but the froth of wit."
SIR NICHOLAS BACON,
LORD KEEPER OF THE GREAT SEAL.
“ I HAVE come to the Lord Keeper," says Puttenham, “ and found him sitting in his gal" lery alone, with the Works of Quintilian be
was a I
“ fore him. Indeed, he was a most eloquent « man, of rare wisdom and learning, as ever I “ knew England to breed, and one that joyed " as much in learned men and good witts; from “ whose lippes I have seen to proceed more “ grave and natural eloquence, than from all " the Orators of Oxford or Cambridge.”
« Queen Elizabeth came, in one of her pro“ gresses, to visit Sir Nicholas Bacon, at his 6 houfe at Redgrave, and said to him, My " Lord, how small a house you have! He re“ plied, Madam, my house is small; but you « have made me too great for it.”
EARL OF ESSEX.
At the age of fixteen, Lord Essex took the degree of Master of Arts at Cambridge, and kept his public act. “ His Father,” says Sir Henry Wotton, “ died with a very cold conceit of him; « fome say, through his affection to his second 6 son Walter Devereux, who was indeed a 's diamond of his time, and both of a kindly and
6 delicate temper and mixture. But it seems, 166 the Earl, like certain vegetables, did bud and 6 open slowly ; Nature sometimes delighting to
“ play an after-game as well as Fortune, which 66 had both their turns and tides in course."
This amiable and accomplished Nobleman is thus described by Sir Henry Wotton:
" As he grew more and more attentive to 66 business, he became less curious of his dress, “ so that those about him had a conceit, that “- sometimes when he went up to the Queen, he
scarce knew what he had on. For his manner “ of dressing was this: his chamber being com. “ monly filled with friends or suitors of one kind “ or other, when he was up he gave his legs, “ arms, and breast to his ordinary servants, to 66 button and dress him with little heed, his head “ and face to his barber, his eyes to his letters, “ his ears to petitioners, and many times all at “ once. Then the Gentleman of his robes " throwing his cloke over his shoulders, he “ would make a step into his closet, and after a “ short prayer he was gone. Only in his baths « he was somewhat delicate.”
Lord Essex was a scholar, and an extremely elegant writer in prose and in verse. His advice
to the Earl of Rutland on his travels is admirable, · and, from the excellent observations which it con.
tains, may be still perused with advantage and : instruction.