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"desired the estates and goods of her subjects; "and for her own treasure, she commanded it ** to be frugally and sparingly laid out for her "private pleasure, but royally and liberally for "any public use, whether it were for common "benefit or domestic magnificence."

The proficiency in learning of this great Princess is thus described by Roger Ascham, in his *' Schoolmaster:"

"It is to your shame (I speak to you all, you "yong Jentlemen of England) that one Mayd "should go beyond you all in excellencie of "learnyng, and knowledge of divers tonges. ** Pointe forth six of the best given Jentlemen of "this Court, and all they together shew not so "much good-will, spend not so much tyme, be"stow not so many houres dayly, orderly, and "constantly, for the increase of learnyng and "knowledge, as doth the Queene's Majestie "herselfe. Yea I believe, that beside her per"sect readines in Latin, Italian, French, and "Spanish, she readeth here now at Windsore "more Greeke every day than some Prebendarie "of this Church doth read Latin in a whole "weeke. And that which is most praise-worthy ** of all, within the walls of her Privie-Chamber "she hath obteyned that excellencie of learning, "to understand, speak, and write both wittily I

QUEEN ELIZABETH, 15J** wkh head, and faire with hand, as scarce one "or two rare Wittes in both the Univers1ties "have in many yeares reached unto."

Queen Elizabeth made many progresses through her kingdom. The account of the preparations made at Canterbury for receiving her Majesty are thus described in a letter of Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, copied from the original at the Bodleian Library in Oxford.

*.* SIR, .

"Gladlie would I do all the service I could to V the Queenes Majestie, and to all her Nobiles, "with the rest of her most honourable household. ** I have no other council to followe, but to "searche out what service my predecessors have "been wont to doe. My oft distemperance and "infirmitie of bodye maketh me not to do fo "much as I woulde. If her Majestie would "please to remayne in my house, her Highness "should have convenient rome. And I could "place for a progresse-time your Lordship, my "Lord Chamberlaine, my Lord of Leicester, and "Mr. Hatton, if he come home: thinkinge "that your Lordships will furnishe the placeswith "your own stuffe. They saie that myne house ?* is of an evill aire, hanging upon the church, ** and having no prospect to loke on the people, J* but yet I truste the conveniencie of the build"ing would serve. If her Hyghness be minded "to have her own palace at St. Austens, then

"might your Lordships be otherwise placed, with ** the Deane and certain Prebendaries. Mr.

"Lawte, Prebendary, would fayn have your

** Lordship in his convenient house, trusting the

** rather to doe your Lordship now service, as

*• he did once in teaching Grammar Schoole in

"Stamford, by your appointment. Mr. Bungey

** also would be glad to have your Lordship in,

"his lodging, where the Frenche Cardinal laye,

"and his house is fayer and sufficient. Mr."Pearson would gladly have your Lordship in

"his faire house, most sit for your Lordship, if

w you think so good.

"The custome hath beene when Princes have ** come to Caunterbury, for the Bishop the Deane "and the Chapter to waite on them at the west ** end of their Churche, and so to attend on "them, and there to heare an oration. After *c that her Highness may goe under a canopye ** till she cometh to the middle of the Churche,

where certain prayers shall be sayde, and after "that to wayte on her Highness through the ** Cniier to the Communion Table to heare the "even-songe, so afterwardes to departe to her "own lodginge. Or else, upon Sonday follow"ing, (if it be her pleasure,) to come from her "house of St. Austens by the new bridge, and

« so

** so to enter the west end of the Churche, or in ** her coache by the street. It would much re

** joice and stablish the people here in this reli

** gion to fee her Highness that Sondaye (being

** the first Sondaye of the moneth, when others

** also customablie may receive) as a godlie de

*s voute Prince, in her cheife and metropoliticall

** Churche, openlie to receive the Communion

"(which by her favour I would administer to

** her): Plurimasunt magna et necejsaria,fed hoc

"unum ejl necejsarium. I presume not to pre

"scribe this to her Highness, but as her trustie"Chapleyn shewe my judgement. And after

"that Communion yt might please her Majestie"to heare the Deane preache, sitting either in"her traverse, or els to suffer him to go to the"common Chapter, being the place of Ser

** mons, where a greater multitude should hear.

"And yet her Highness might goe to a very fitt

** place with some of her Lords and Ladies, to"be there in a convenient closett above the

** heads of the people to heare the sermon.

"And after that, I would desier to see her

"Highness at her and myne house for the din

"ner following. And if her Highness will give"me leave, I would keepe my bigger Hall that"daye for her Nobiles and the rest of her"trayne. And if it please her Majestie, she

** may come in through my Gallerie, and see

. " the

( ** the disposition of the Hall in dynner time at "a window opening thereunto. I pray your "Lordship be not osfended, though I write ** unto my Lord of Sussex as Lord Chamberlayne, in some of those matters as may con^ cerne his office. I am in preparing for three "or fouer of my good Lords some Geldings; "or if I knewe whether would like you best, "either one for your own saddle, or a fine **. little.white Gelding for your own footclothe, ** or one for one of your Gentlemen, I would "so appointe you. And thus trusting to have ** your counsell as Mr. Deane cometh for the "fame, I commit your Honor to God's tuycion as ** myself. From my house of Beakesbone, nighe ** to Caunterburie, this 18th of Auguste 1573. "Your L. assured in Christe,

"Matthew Cantuar."


4j)KEg; or Scots.

On the death of her husband, Francis the Second, Mary quitted France; and, as if conscious of the fate that was to await her in Scot-.

6 land,


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