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“- defired the estates and goods of her subjects; 6 and for her own treasure, the commanded it “to be frugally and sparingly laid out for her “ private pleasure, but royally and liberally for 6 any public use, whether it were for common “ benefit or domestic magnificence.”
The proficiency in learning of this great Princefs is thus described by Roger Ascham, in his “ Schoolmaster :">
“ It is to your shame (I speak to you all, you “ yong Jentlemen of England) that one Mayd « should go beyond you all in excellencie of
learnyng, and knowledge of divers tonges. “ Pointe forth fix of the best given Jentlemen of " this Court, and all they together shew not so " much good-will, spend not so much tyme, be“ stow not so many houres dayly, orderly, and “ constantly, for the increase of learnyng and c knowledge, as doth the Queene's Majestie 6 herselfe. Yea I believe, that beside her per- fect readines in Latin, Italian, French, and “ Spanish, she readeth here now at Windfore « more Greeke every day than some Prebendarie “ of this Church doth read Latin in a whole 66 weeke. And that which is most praise-worthy “ of all, within the walls of her Privie-Chamber “ she hath obteyned that excellencie of learning, 66 to understand, speak, and write both wittily
« with head, and faire with hand, as scarce one © or two rare Wittes in both the Universities “ have in many yeares reached unto.”
Queen Elizabeth made many progresses through her kingdom, The account of the preparations made at Canterbury for receiving her Majesty are thus described in a letter of Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, copied from the ori. ginal at the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
'SIR, “ Gladlie would I do all the service I could to ç the Queenes Majestie, and to all her Nobiles, 56 with the rest of her most honourable household. “ I have no other council to followe, but to
searche out what service my predecessors have " been wont to doe. My oft distemperance and “ infirmitie of bodye 'maketh me not 'to do fo “ much as I woulde. . If her Majestie would “ please to remayne in my house, her Highness “ should have convenient rome. And I could “ place for a progresse-time your Lordship, my " Lord Chamberlaine, my Lord of Leicester, and “ Mr. Hatton, if he come home: thinkinge 6 that your Lordships will furnishe the places with “ your own stuffe. They saie that myne house “is of an evill aire, hanging upon the church, “ and having no prospect to loke on the people, C but yet I truste the conveniencie of the build
“ ing “ ing would serve. If her Hyghness be minded « to have her own palace at St. Austens, then « might your Lordships be otherwise placed, with “ the Deane and certain Prebendaries. Mr. “ Lawte, Prebendary, would fayn have your 66 Lordship in his convenient house, trusting the “ rather to doe your Lordship now service, as « he did once in teaching Grammar Schoole in 66 Stamford, by your appointment. Mr. Bungey 66 also would be glad to have your Lordship in 6 his lodging, where the Frenche Cardinal laye, 6 and his house is fayer and sufficient. Mr. « Pearson would gladly have your Lordship in “ his faire house, most fit for your Lordship, if ☆ you think so good.
..^ The custome hath beene when Princes have ço come to Caunterbury, for the Bishop the Deane 6 and the Chapter to waite on them at the west 66 end of their Churche, and so to attend on " them, and there to heare an oration. After $6 that her Highness may goe under a canopye << till she cometh to the middle of the Churche, “ where certain prayers shall be fayde, and after " that to wayte on her Highness through the « Quier to the Communion Table to heare the
even-fonge, so afterwardes to departe to her “ own lodginge. Or else, upon Sonday follow« ing, (if it be her pleasure,) to come from her « house of St. Auftens by the new bridge, and
“ fo to enter the west end of the Churche, or in “ her coache by the street. It would much re“ joice and stablish the people here in this relia' “ gion to see her Highness that Sondaye (being “ the first Sondaye of the moneth, when others « also customablie may receive) as a godlie de“ voute Prince, in her cheife and metropoliticall « Churche, openlie to receive the Communion " (which by her favour I would administer to “ her): Plurima funt magna et necessaria, fed hoc " unum eft necessarium. I presume not to pre. 66 fcribe this to her Highness, but as her trustie « Chapleyn shewe my judgement. And after " that Communion yt might please her Majestie 66 to heare the Deane preache, fitting either in “ her traverse, or els to suffer him to go to the “ common Chapter, being the place of Ser. « mons, where a greater multitude should hear, " And yet her Highnels might goe to a very fitt 66 place with some of her Lords and Ladies, to 66 be there in a convenient closett above the “ heads of the people to heare the sermon. “ And after that, I would desier to see her 6 Highness at her and myne house for the din“ ner following. And if her Highness will give 6 me leave, I would keepe my bigger Hall that " daye for her Nobiles and the rest of her “ trayne. And if it please her Majestie, the “ may come in through my Gallerie, and see
“ the disposition of the Hall in dynner time at " a window opening thereunto. I pray your © Lordship be not offended, though I write « unto my Lord of Sussex as Lord Chamber“ layne, in some of those matters as may con« cerne his office. I am in preparing for three “ or fouer of my good Lords some Geldings; « or if I knewe whether would like you best, 6 either one for your own faddle, or a fine « little white Gelding for your own footclothe, 6 or one for one of your Gentlemen, I would • fo appointe you. And thus trusting to have 6 your counsell as Mr. Deane cometh for the “ fame, I commit your Honor to God's tuycion as 6 myself. From my house of Beakefbone, nighe c. to Caunterburie, this 18th of Auguste 1573.
“ Your L. assured in Christe,
. “ MATTHEW CANTUAR."
QUEEN OF scots. On the death of her husband, Francis the Second, Mary quitted France; and, as if conscious of the fate that was to await her in Scot.