Page images

"during the time of his answer." On this many angry words took place between the Bishop and the Earl Marshall. The Duke of Lancaster then interfered, and told the Bishop, " that the "Earl Marshall's motion was a very reasonable "one, and that as for him, (the Bishop,) he was "now become so proud and so arrogant, that "he (the Duke) would bring down not only "the pride of him but of every prelate in Eng** landadding, " that rather than take what *c the.Bishop said at his hands, he would pull "him out of the church by the hair of his head." These speeches occasioned the assembly to become very tumultuous, so the Court broke up without doing any thing.

"Wickliffe died of the palsy, at his parsonage of Lutterworth, in 1382, and his bones were taken up and burnt by a decree of the Council thirteen years afterwards.

The learned and candid Melancthon speaks thus of Wickliffe:

"He foolishly confounds the Gospel and poll** tics, and does not fee that the Gospel permits "us to make use of all the lawful forms of Gq"vernment of all nations. He contends, that it ** is not lawful for Priests to have property. He

"insists ** insists that tithes* ought only to be paid to those "who teach, as if the Gospel forbad the use of "political ordinances. He wrangles sophistically "and completely seditiously about civil domi"nion."


** During his last sicknesse," fays Hollinshed, "Henry caused his crowne (as some write) to "be set on a pillow at his bed's head, and fud** denlie his pangs so sore troubled him, that he "laie as though all his vital spirits had beene "from him departed. Such as were about him,


* Ostiorne in his celebrated " Advice to his Son," fays, "Grudge not tithes to the teachers of the Gospel, assigned "for their wages by the Divine Legislator: of whose in** ftitutes this was none of the least profound, that the Tribe "of Levi were prohibited all other revenue than what was "deducible out of the tenth part of the other eleventh's in"crease; setting bounds thereby to all the improvement "their wisdom, and the tie the priesthood had over the "people's consciences, might in the future possibly make, "in causing their maintenance to rife and fall proportionably "to the general standard of the nation's felicity; which this "limitation obliged them to promote, and for their own "fakes to oppose all incroachments likely to interrupt their "brethren's utility."

"thinking verelie that he had been departed, "covered his face with a linen-cloth.

"The Prince his sonne, (afterwards King "Henry the Fifth,) being hereof advertised, "tooke awaie the crowne and departed. The "Father, being suddenlie revived out of that "trance, quicklie perceived the lacke of his "crowne; and having knowledge that the Prince "his sonne had taken it awaie, caused him to "come before his presence, requiring of him, "what he meant, so to misuse himself. The *c Prince with a good audacitie answered, * Sir, "to mine and to all men's judgements, you "seemed dead in this world; wherefore I, as "your next heire apparent, take that as mine "own, and not as yours.'—* Well, faire Sonne, "(said the King, with a great sigh,) what right "I had to it, God knoweth.'—* Well, (said the "Prince,) if you die King, I will have the gar"land, and trust to keep it with the sworde "against all mine enemies, as you have done.'— "Then (said the King) I commit all to God, "and remember you to do well.' With that "he turned himself in his bed, and shortlie after "departed to God."



The following account of this courageous and inflexible Magistrate is taken from " Magna Bri"tannia Notitia" article " Gunthorp:"

** Famous only for the antient, virtuous, and "warKke family of Gascoign, two of which "(both Knights and named William) were High ** Sheriffs of the county of York in the reigns of "Henry VI. and VII. But, before either of "these, there was a Knight of this family, named "also Sir William Gascoign, far more famous "than they. He was bred up in our Municipal "laws in the Inner Temple, London, and grew "so eminent for his skill and knowledge in "them, that he was made Chief Justice of the "King's Bench by Henry the Fourth, in the "eleventh year of his reign, and kept that high "situation till the fourteenth year of that King's "reign, demeaning himself all the time with "admirable integrity and courage, as this exam"pie will shew:

"It chanced that the servant of Prince Henry "(afterwards Henry V.) was arraigned before "the Judge for felony; and the Prince, being "zealous to deliver him out of the hand of jus"tice, went to the Bench in such a fury, that 4 "the "the spectators thought he would have stricken "the Judge; and he attempted to take his ser"vant from the bar: but Sir William Gascoign, "well knowing whose person he represented, sat "unconcerned; and, knowing the Prince's at"tempt to be illegal, committed him to the "King's Bench Prison, there to remain till the "King his father's pleasure was known. This "action was soon represented to the King, with "no good will to the Judge, but it proved to "his advantage; for when the King heard what "his Judge had done, he replied, * that he "thanked God for his infinite goodness, who "had at once given him a Judge that dared im"partially to administer justice, and a son who "would submit to it.' The Prince himself, "when he came to be King, (reflecting upon this "transaction,) thus expressed himself in relation "to Sir William Gascoign: * I shall ever hold "him worthy of his place and of my favour; "and I wish that all my Judges may possess the "like undaunted courage to punish offenders, of "what rank soever."

« PreviousContinue »