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** my people, my honour and my blood even in "the dust. I know I have but the body of a "weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart "of a King, and a King of England too; and st think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any "Prince of Europe, should dare to invade the "borders of my realms; to which rather than ** any dishonour should grow by me, I Myself "will take up arms; I Myself will be your "General, Judge, and Rewarder of every one "of your virtues in the field. I know already "by your forwardness that you have deserved ** rewards and crowns; and we do assure you, "on the word of a Prince, they shall be duly "paid you. In the mean time, my Lieutenant"General shall be in my stead; than whom "never Prince commanded more noble and "worthy subject; not doubting by your obe"diehce to my General, by your concord in the "camp, and your valour in the field, we shall "shortly have a famous victory over those ene"mies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my "people."
Her Majesty, five years afterwards, whilst the fame horrid calamity of war impended, thus spiritedly addressed her Parliament, April 10, 1593.
"This kingdom hath had many wife, noble, ** victorious Princes: I will not compare with any
. ,' u ** of ""of them for wisdom, fortitude, or any other "virtues; but, saving the duty of a child, that "is not to compare with his father in love, care, "sincerity, and justice, I will compare with any "Prince that ever you had, or mail have.
"It may be thought simplicity in me, that all "this time of my reign I have not sought to "advance my territories, and enlarge my domi"nions, for opportunity hath served me to do it. "I acknowledge my womanhood and weakness "in that respect; but though it hath not been "hard to obtain, yet I doubted how to keep the "things so obtained; that hath only held me "from such attempts. And I must fay, my mind "was never to invade my neighbours, or to "usurp over any; I am contented to reign over "mine own, and to rule as a just Prince.
"Yet the King of Spain doth challenge me to "be the quarreller and the beginner of all these 1 "wars, in which he doth me the greatest wrong "that can be; for my conscience doth not ac** cuse my thoughts wherein I have done him "the least injury; but I am persuaded in my "** conscience, if he knew what I know, he him"self would be sorry for the wrong that he hath "done me.
I fear not all his threatenings; his great ** preparations and mighty forces do not stir ** me; for though he come against me with a "greater power than ever was his Invincible ** Navy, I doubt not (God assisting me, upon ** whom I always trust) but that I shall be able ** to defeat and overthrow him. I have great ** advantage against him, for my cause is just.
"I heard fay, when he attempted his last in"vasion, some upon the sea-coast forsook their ** towns, and 0ew up higher into the country, "and left all naked and exposed to his entrance. ** But I swear unto you by God, if I knew those "persons, or any that shall do so hereafter, I ** will make them know and feel what it is to be ** so fearful in so urgent a cause,
"The subsidies you gave me, I accept thank. "fully, if you give me your good wills with ** them; but if the necessity of the time and *5 your preservations did not require it, I would •* refuse them. But let me tell you, that the ** sum is not so much, but that it is needful for t* a Prince to have so much always in her coffers ** for your defence in time of need, and not to ** be driven to get it when we should use it.
"You that be Lieutenants and Gentlemen of ** command in your countries, I require you to x 3 ** take "take care that the people be well armed, and "in readiness upon all occasions. You that be "Judges and Justices of the Peace, I command "and straitly charge you, that you fee the laws "to be duly executed, and that you make them "living laws when we have put life into them."
Puttenham tells us, that when some English Knight, who had behaved himself very insolently towards this Queen, while she was Princess Elizabeth, fell upon his knees before her, soon after she became the Sovereign of these kingdoms, and besought her to pardon him, suspecting (as there was good cause) that he should have been sent to the Tower, she said to him, very mildly, "Do you not know that we are descended of the "lion, whose nature is, not to prey upon the "mouse, or other small vermin I"
Osborne, in his Memoirs of Queen Elizabeth, tells this story of her :—That one of her purveyors having behaved with some injustice in the county of Kent, one of the farmers of that county went to the Queen's palace at Greenwich, and watching the time when the Queen went to take her usual walk in the morning, cried out loud enough for her Majesty to hear, " Pray which is "the Queen?" She replied very graciously, "I am your Queen; what would you have with
** me "You (replied the farmer) are one of "the rarest women I ever saw, and can eat no "more than my daughter Madge, who is thought "the properest lass in the parish, though far "short of you: but that Queen Elizabeth I "look for devours so many of my ducks, hens, ** and capons, as I am not able to live."
The Queen, as Osborne adds, always auspicious to suits made through the mediation of her comely shape, enquired who was the purveyor, and caused him to be hanged,
What pardon could the Earl of Essex hope from Queen Elizabeth, when it had been reported to her, that he had said her mind was grown as crooked as her body?
u As to her own personal qualities," fays Strype, " she was a Queen that easily forgave "private injuries, but a severe dispenser of com"mon justice, favouring none in their crimes, "nor leaving them hopes of impunity. She cut "off all licentiousness from all, giving no coun-tenance thereunto to any. This precept of "Plato she always set before her in all her doings, "That laws should rule over men, and not that "men should rule, and be lords, over the laws. "Besides this, she was a Prince that least of all L 4 "desired