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"thankes, besechinge God long to preserve you "to his honour, to your comfort, & to the "realms profitt & to my joy.

** From Hatfelde this 18th day of May.
** Your Majestie's most humbly
"Sister and Servant"Elizabeth."

Of the extent of Queen Elizabeth's abilities, the following testimony was given by her Treasurer Lord Burleigh.

"No one of her Councillors could tell her "what she knew not; and when her Council "had said all they could, she could find out a "wise counsel beyond theirs; and thus there "never was anie great consultation about her "country at which she was not present to her "great profitte and prayse."

Scot, in his " Philomathclogia" fays, " that "a Courtier, who had great place about her "Majestie, made suite for an office belonging to "the law. Shee told him he was unfitt for the "place. He confessed as much, but promised "to find out a.sufficient deputy. Do so, faith "she, and then I may bestow it upon one of my "ladies; for they, by deputation, may execute "the osfice of Chancellor, Chief Justice, and "others, as well as you. This (said the author) ,* answered him: and (adds he) I would that it

"would "would answer all others, that sit men might be "placed in every office, and none, how great « soever, susfered to keep two."

"I find," says Puttenham, " none example "in English metre so well maintayning this "figure sExarga/ia, or the Gorgeous) as that "dittie of her Majestie Queen Elizabeth's own "making, passing sweete and harmonical; which ** figure being, as his very original name pur** porteth, the most beautiful and gorgeous of all "others, it asketh in reason to be reserved for a ** last compliment, and dischiphred by the arte "of a ladies penne (herself being the most beau"iifall or rather beautie of Queens). And this "was the occas1on: Our Sovereign Lady per"ceiving how the Queen of Scots residence "within this realme at so great libertie and ease "(as were scarce meete for so great and dan"gerous a prisoner) bred secret factions amongst "her people, and made many of the nobility in"cline to favour her partie (some of them de"sirous of innovation in the State, others aspiring ** to greater fortunes by her libertie and life); "the Queene our Sovereigne Lady, to declare "that she was nothing ignorant of those secret ** practices, (though she had long, with great "wisdom and patience, dissembled it,) writeth *» that dittie, most sweet and sententious; not

hiding from all such aspiring minds the danger

** of ** of their ambition and difloyaltie, which after"wards fell out most truly by the exemplary "chastisements of sundry persons, who, in favour "of the said Queen of Scots, declining from her "Majestie, sought to interrupt the quiet of the (" realm by many evill and undutifull practyses.

"The ditty is as followeth:

The doubt of suture foes exiles my present joy, And Wit me warns to shun such snares as threaten mine annoy;

For falsehood now doth Howe, and subject faith doth ebbe,

Which would not be, if reason rul'd, or wisdom weav'd the webbe.

But clouds of tois untried do cloake aspiring mindes, Which turne to raigne of late repent by course of

changed windes. The toppe of hope suppos'd, the root of ruth will be, And fruitless all their grassed guiles, as shortly ye shall


Then dazzled eyes with pride, which great ambition blind ts,

Shall be unseel'd by worthy wights, whose foresight falsehood finds.

The daughter of debate, that eke discord doth sowe,

Shall reap no gaine, where former rule hath taught still peace to growe,

No forreine banish'd wight shall ancre in this port;

Our realme it brooks no strangers' force, let them elsewhere resort.

Our rusty sword with rest shall first his edge employ, To polle their toppes that seeke such change, and gape for joy.

** In a Prince," says Puttenham, " it is decent %i to'go flowly, and to march with leisure, and ** with a certain granditie, rather than gravitie; ** as our Soveraine Lady and Mistresse, (Queen "Elizabeth,) the very image of majestie and "magnificence, is accustomed to do generally, "unless it be when she walketh apace for her "pleasure, or to catch her a heate in the cold« "mornings.

"Nevertheless," adds Puttenham, " it is not ** so decent in a meaner person, as I have ob"served in some counterfeit ladies of the country, ** which use it much to their own derision. This "comeliness was wanting in Queen Marie, (of "England,) otherwise a very good and honour"able Princesse, and was some blemish to the "Emperor Ferdinando, a most noble-minded "man, yet so careleffe and forgetfulle of himself ** in that behalf, as I have seen him runne up a "pair of stairs so swift and nimble a pace, as ** almost had not become a very meane man, "who had not gone in some hastie businefle. '" And in a noble Prince, nothing is more decent "and well-beseeming his greatnesse than to spare "foul speeches, for that bredes hatred, and to "let none humble suitors depart out of their ** presence (as near as may be) discontented."

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Whilst the celebrated Spanish Armada hovered about the coast of England in 1588, Queen Eli. zabeth made the following speech to the officers and soldiers that composed the camp at Tilbury, which may now be adverted to in the present posture of asfairs, when this country has to dread an invasion from the most insidious and most formidable foe with which any country whatever, either from the fatality of human asfairs, or from the wretched policy of its Governors, was threatened *:


"We have been persuaded by some that are "careful of our safety, to take heed how we "commit ourselves to armed multitudes, for fear "of treachery; but assure you, I do not desire "to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. "Let tyrants fear; I have always so behaved "mysels, that under God I have placed my "chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal "hearts and good-will of my subjects. And "therefore I am come amongst you at this time, "not as for my recreation or sport, but being "resolved in the midst and heat of the battle to "live or die amongst you all, and to lay down, "for my God, and for my kingdom, and for

* In the summer of the year 1795.

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