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“ thankes, besechinge God long to preserve you
“ to his honour, to your comfort, & to the
“ realms profitt & to my joy.
* From Hatfelde this 18th day of May.

« Your Majestie's most humbly
66 Sister and Servant

“ ELIZABETH.” Of the extent of Queen Elizabeth's abilities, the following testimony was given by her Treafurer Lord Burleigh.

" No one of her Councillors could tell her “ what she knew not; and when her Council c had said all they could, she could find out a 6 wise counsel beyond theirs ; and thus there

never was anie great consultation about her

country at which she was not present to her “ great profitte and prayse.”

Scot, in his “ Philomathologia,says, “ that “a Courtier, who had great place about her 6. Majestie, made suite for an office belonging to “ the law. Shee told him he was unfitt for the 66 place. He confeffed as much, but promised “ to find out a sufficient deputy. Do so, saith “ she, and then I may bestow it upon one of my “ ladies ; for they, by deputation, may execute 6 the office of Chancellor, Chief Justice, and “ others, as well as you. This (said the author) 66 answered him ; and (adds he) I would that it

66 would

es would answer all others, that fit men might be “ placed in every office, and none, how great as foever, suffered to keep two."

“ I find,” says Puttenham, “ none example « in English metre so well maintayning this “ figure (Exargasia, or the Gorgeous) as that “ dittie of her Majestie Queen Elizabeth's own “ making, passing sweete and harmonical; which « figure being, as his very original name pure “ porteth, the most beautiful and gorgeous of all “ others, it asketh in reason to be reserved for a “ last compliment, and dischiphred by the arte « of a ladies penne (herself being the most beauso tifull or rather beautie of Queens). And this “ was the occasion: Our Sovereign Lady per. “ ceiving how the Queen of Scots residence “ within this realme at so great libertie and ease *" (as were scarce meete for so great and dan“ gerous a prisoner) bred secret factions amongst “ her people, and made many of the nobility in. « cline to favour her partie (some of them de“ firous of innovation in the State, others aspiring w to greater fortunes by her libertie and life); " the Queene our Sovereigne Lady, to declare “ that she was nothing ignorant of those secret “ practices, (though she had long, with great “ wisdom and patience, dissembled it,) writeth $5 that dittie, most sweet and sententious; not“ hiding from all such aspiring minds the danger

rs of

“ of their ambition and disloyaltie, which after56 wards fell out most truly by the exemplary 66 chastisements of fundry persons, who, in favour “ of the said Queen of Scots, declining from her 6 Majestie, fought to interrupt the quiet of the “ realm by many evill and undutifull practyses.

“ The ditty is as followeth: The doubt of future foes exiles my present joy, And Wit me warns to Thun such snares as threaten

I mine annoy; For falsehood now doth flowe, and subject faith doth i ebbe, Which would not be, if reason rul'd, or wisdom wear'd

the webbe. But clouds of tois untried do cloake aspiring mindes, Which turne to raigne of late repent by course of

changed windes. The toppe of hope suppos’d, the root of ruth will be, And fruitless all their graffed guiles, as shortly ye Mall.,


Then dazzled eyes with pride, which great ambition

blindes, Shall be unseeld by worthy wights, whose foresight

falsehood finds. The daughter of debate, that eke discord doth sowe, Shall reap no gaine, where former rule hath taught still

peace to growe, No forreine banilh'd wight shall ancre in this port; Our realme it brooks no ftrangers' force, let them else

where resort. Our rusty sword with rest shall first his edge employ, To polle their toppes that seeke such change, and gape

for joy.

« In a Prince,” says Puttenham, “ it is decent * to go flowly, and to march with leisure, and * with a certain granditie, rather than gravitie; w as our Soveraine Lady and Mistresse, (Queen “ Elizabeth,) the very image of majestie and « magnificence, is accustomed to do generally, " unless it be when she walketh apace for her

pleasure, or to catch her a heate in the colde s mornings.

“ Nevertheless,” adds Puttenham, “ it is not * so decent in a meaner person, as I have oba « served in some counterfeit ladies of the country, *6 which use it much to their own derision. This " comeliness was wanting in Queen Marie, (of * England,) otherwise a very good and honour« able Princesse, and was some blemish to the “ Emperor Ferdinando, a most 'noble-minded 66 man, yet so carelesse and forgetfulle of himself 6s in that behalf, as I have seen him runne up a 66 pair of stairs so swift and nimble a pace, as 66 almost had not become a very meane man, “ who had not gone in fome hastie businesse. 66 And in a noble Prince, nothing is more decent « and well-beseeming his greatnesse than to spare o foul speeches, for that bredes hatred, and to 66 let none humble suitors depart out of their to presence (as near as may be) discontented.”

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Whilst the celebrated Spanish Armada hovered about the coast of England in 1588, Queen Eli: zabeth made the following speech to the officers and soldiers that composed the camp at Tilbury, which may now be adverted to in the present posture of affairs, when this country has to dread an invasion from the most insidious and most formidable foe with which any country whatever, either from the fatality of human affairs, or from the wretched policy of its Governors, was threatened * :

« MY LOVING PEOPLE, 66 We have been persuaded by some that are “ careful of our safety, to take heed how we “ commit ourselves to armed multitudes, for fear 6 of treachery ; but assure you, I do not desire “ to live to distrust my faithful and loving people. “ Let tyrants fear; I have always so behaved “ myself, that under God I have placed my “ chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal “ hearts and good-will of my subjects. And 6 therefore I am come amongst you at this time, 6 not as for my recreation or sport, but being

resolved in the midst and heat of the battle to “ live or die amongst you all, and to lay down, :“ for my God, and for my kingdom, and for

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