Page images
PDF
EPUB

u during the time of his answer.” On this many angry words took place between the Bishop and the Earl Marshall. The Duke of Lancaster then interfered, and told the Bishop, « that the • Earl Marshall's motion was a very reasonable 6 one, and that as for him, (the Bishop,) he was r now become so proud and so arrogant, that “ he (the Duke) would bring down not only “ the pride of him but of every prelate in Enga “ land;" adding, “ that rather than take what " the Bishop said at his hands, he would pull 6 him out of the church by the hair of his head.” These speeches occasioned the assembly to become very tumultuous, so the Court broke up without doing any thing.

• Wickliffe died of the palsy, at his parsonage of Lutterworth, in 1382, and his bones were taken up and burnt by a decree of the Council thirteen years afterwards.

The learned and candid Melancthon speaks thus of Wickliffe:

“ He foolishly confounds the Gospel and poliC tics, and does not see that the Gospel permits $6 us to make use of all the lawful forms of GQ“ vernment of all nations. He contends, that it $ is not lawful for Priests to have property. He

u insists

« insists that tithes * ought only to be paid to those « who teach, as if the Gospel forbad the use of “ political ordinances. He wrangles sophistically e and completely feditiously about civil domi“ nion.”.

HENRY THE FOURTH.

[1399—1413.] " During his last sicknesse,” says Hollinshed, “ Henry caused his crowne (as some write) to “ be set on a pillow at his bed's head, and fud. o denlie his pangs so sore troubled him, that he “ laie as though all his vital spirits had beene “ from him departed. Such as were about him,

" thinking

* Olborne in his celebrated “ Advice to his Son,” says, « Grudge not tithes to the teachers of the Gospel, assigned “ for their wages by the Divine Legislator: of whose in“ ftitutes this was none of the least profound, that the Tribe “ of Levi were prohibited all other revenue than what was “ deducible out of the tenth part of the other eleventh's in“ crease ; setting bounds thereby to all the improvement « their wisdom, and the tie the priesthood had over the “ people's consciences, might in the future possibly make, « in causing their maintenance to rise and fall proportionably « to the general standard of the nation's felicity; which this “ limitation obliged them to promote, and for their own “ fakes to oppose all incroachments likely to interrupt their

brethren's utility.”

“ thinking verelie that he had been departed, “ covered his face with a linen-cloth.

“ The Prince his sonne, (afterwards King “ Henry the Fifth,) being hereof advertised, “ tooke awaie the crowne and departed. The “ Father, being suddenlie revived out of that “ trance, quicklie perceived the lacke of his “ crowne; and having knowledge that the Prince

lonne had taken it awaie, caused him to “ come before his presence, requiring of him, “ what he meant, so to misuse himself. The « Prince with a good audacitie answered, Sir, " to mine and to all men's judgements, you

seemed dead in this world; wherefore I, as “ your next heire apparent, take that as mine s own, and not as yours.'-- Well, faire Sonne, “ (said the King, with a great sigh,) what right “ I had to it, God knoweth.'-- Well, (said the « Prince,) if you die King, I will have the gar66 land, and trust to keep it with the sworde « against all mine enemies, as you have done.'« Then (said the King) I commit all to God, cs and remember you to do well. With that “ he turned himself in his bed, and shortlie after “ departed to God.”

SIR WILLIAM GASCOIGNE,
LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE KING's BENCH.

• The following account of this courageous and inflexible Magistrate is taken from “ Magnæ Britanniæ Notitia,article “ Gunthorp :"

« Famous only for the antient, virtuous, and “ warlike family of Gascoign, two of which “ (both Knights and named William) were High “ Sheriffs of the county of York in the reigns of “ Henry VI. and VII. ' But, before either of “ these, there was a Knight of this family, named “ also Sir William Gascoign, far more famous “ than they. He was bred up in our Municipal “ laws in the Inner Temple, London, and grew " fo eminent for his skill and knowledge in " them, that he was made Chief Justice of the “ King's Bench by Henry the Fourth, in the “ eleventh year of his reign, and kept that high “ situation till the fourteenth year of that King's « reign, demeaning himself all the time with “ admirable integrity and courage, as this exam, « ple will shew:

“ It chanced that the servant of Prince Henry “ (afterwards Henry V.) was arraigned before “ the Judge for felony; and the Prince, being “ zealous to deliver him out of the hand of jus“ tice, went to the Bench in such a fury, that

W

.

< the spectators thought he would have stricken " the Judge; and he attempted to take his ser. 66 vant from the bar: but Sir William Gascoign, “ well knowing whose person he represented, fat “ unconcerned ; and, knowing the Prince's attempt to be illegal, committed him to the “ King's Bench Prison, there to remain till the " King his father's pleasure was known. This " action was foon represented to the King, with “ no good will to the Judge, but it proved to " his advantage; for when the King heard what

his Judge had done, he replied, that he có thanked God for his infinite goodness, who “ had at once given him a Judge that dared im" partially to administer justice, and a son who

would submit to it.' The Prince himself, 66 when he came to be King, (reflecting upon this 66 transaction,) thus expressed himself in relation “ to Sir William Gascoign:'I shall ever hold “ him worthy of his place and of my favour; " and I wish that all my Judges may possess the “ like undaunted courage to punish offenders, of 6 what rank foever."

« PreviousContinue »