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** Secondly, By devising of good laws. I ** have shewed my opinion heretofore what sta** tutes I think most necessary to be enacted this "sessions; nevertheless I could wish, that beside "them, hereafter (when time shall serve) the "superfluous and tedious statutes were brought "into one sum together, and made more plain, ** Nevertheless, when all these laws be made, "established, and enacted, they serve to no pur- "pose, except they be fully and duly executed. ** By whom? By those that have authority to "execute; that is to fay, the Noblemen and "the Justices of Peace; therefore I would wish, "that after this Parliament were ended, those "Noblemen (except a few that should be with "me) went to their countries, and there should "see the statutes fully and duly executed; and "that those men should be put from being Jus"tices of Peace that be touched or blotted with "those vices that be against these new laws to "be established: for no man that is in fault "himself can punish another for the same pf"fence:

Turpe efl dotlori, cum culpa redarguit ipsum.
Shameless the teacher, who himself is faulty.

** And these Justices being put out, there is no
t* doubt of the execution of the laws."
Desunt Catera.

"King Edward's Remains." Hooker

Hooker says of this Prince, " that though "he died young he lived long, for life is in *e aaion."


The English seem early in their history to have made pretty free with the defects and failings of their Sovereigns. M. de Noailles, in his ** Embassades," tells us, that when Mary gave out that she was pregnant, the following paper was stuck up at her palace-gate:

* * Serons nous si betes, O nobles Anglois, "que de croyre notre Reyne enceinte, & de ** quoi le seroit elle, sinon d'un Marmot ou « d'un Dogue?"

Mary, till her marriage with that cold and in. human tyrant Philip the Second, appears to have been merciful and humane; for Holinshead tells us, that when she appointed Sir Richard Morgan Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, she told him, ** that notwithstanding the old error, which did ** not admit any witness to speak, or any other ** matter to be heard, (Her Majesty being party,) ... ■ "her

"her pleasure was, that whatsoever could be "brought in favour of the subject should be ad"mitted to be heard; and moreover, that the "Justices mould not persuade themselves to put "in judgment otherwise for Her Highness than "for her subject."

The turn of the English nation for humorous Political Prints first shewed itself in this reign. An engraving was published, representing this Queen extremely thin, with many Spaniards hanging to her and sucking her to the bone.


Roger Ascham, who was Queen Elizabeth's schoolmaster, thus describes this pattern of every female excellence, in a letter of his to a friend.

"Aristotle's praise of women is perfected in "her. She possesses good-manners, prudence, "and a love of labour : she possesses every talent ** without the least weakness of her sex: she ** speaks French and Italian as well as she does * * English: she writes readily and with pro"priety: she has more than once, if you will "believe me, spoken Greek to me."

Vol. 1. K Her

Her proficiency in learning is again mentioned by the fame writer, in his Schoolmaster.

"And one example, whether love or feare "doth worke more in a childe for vertue and "learninge, I will gladlie report; which maie be "heard with some pleasure, and folowed with "more profit. Before I went into Germanie, "I came to Brodegate, in Leicestershire, to take "my leave of that noble Lady Jane Grey, to "whom I was exceeding much beholdinge. "Her parentes, the Duke and the Duches, with ** all the houshould, gentlemen and gentle"women, were hunting in the parke. I found "her in her chamber readinge Phadon Platonh "in Greeke, and that with as much delite as "some jentlemen would reade a merie tale in "Bocase. After salutation and dewtie done, "with some other taulke, I asked her why she "would leese such pastime in the parke. Smil"ing, she answered me, I wisse all their sport in "the parke is but a shadoe to that pleasure that "I find in Plato. Alas, good folke, they never

"felt what trewe pleasure ment —And howe

"came you, Madame, quoth I, to this deepe "knowledge of pleasure? And what did chieflie "allure you unto it, seeinge not many women, * * but verie fewe men have attained thereunto,

"I will tell you, quoth she, and tell you a

"truth, which perchance you will marvell at.

« One "One of the greatest benesites that ever God "gave me is, that he sent me so (harpe and "severe parentes, and so jentle a scholemaster: "for when in presence eyther of father or mo** ther, whether I speake, kepe silence, sit, "stand, or go, eate, drinke, be merrie or sad, "be sowying, playing, dauncing, or doing anie "thing else, I must do it, as it were, in such "weight, measure, and number, even so per** fitelie as God made the world, or else I am so ** sharplie taunted, so cruellie threatened, yea * * presentlie, sometimes with pinches, nippes, "and bobbes, and other waies, which I will ** not name for the honour I bear them, so ** without measure misorder'd, that I thincke ** myselfe in hell, till time come that I must go "to Mr. Elmer, who teacheth me so jentlie, so "pleasantlie, with such fair allurementes to ** learninge, that I thinke all the time nothinge "whiles I am with him; and when I am called "from him, I fall on weeping, because whatso"ever I do els but learning is full of grief, "trouble, feare, and whole mifliking unto mee. ** And thus my booke hath been so much my ** pleasure, and bringeth dayly to me more plea** sure and more, that in respect of it all other ** pleasures in very deede be but trisfles and ** troubles unto me.

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