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** her faith she should not change, nor dissemble ** her opinion with contrary doings. It was said, ** I constrained not her faith, but willed her, "not as a King to rule, but as a subject to obey, "and that her example might breed inconveni"ence."
19. "The Emperor's Ambassador came in "with a short message from his master, of war, ** if I would not suffer his cousin, the Princess, "to use her Mass. To this no answer was "given."
20. "The Bishops of Canterbury, London, "and Rochester, did consider to give licence to "sin, was sin. To suffer and wink^ at it for a "time might be borne, so all possible haste might "be ufed.'*
26. "The French Ambassadors saw the ,c baiting of the bulk and bears."
27. "The Ambassadors, after they had "hunted, fat with me at supper."
29. "The Ambassadors had a fair supper "made them by the Duke of Somerset, and ** afterwards went to the Thames, where they ** saw both the bear hunted in the river, and
"the ** the wild-fire cast out of the boats, and many "pretty conceits."
June 15. ** The Duke of Somerset with five ** others of the Council went to the Bishop of "Winchester, to whom he made this answer: "I having deliberately seen the Book of Com"mon Prayer, (although I would not have made ** it so myself,) yet I find such things in it as "satisfieth my conscience, and therefore I will "both execute it myself, and also see others, my "parishioners, to execute it."
20. "The Mayor of London caused the ** watches to be encreased every night, because ** of the great frays; and also one Alderman to ** see good rule every night."
22. "There was a privy search made through ** all Sussex, for all vagabonds, gypsies, con** spirators, prophesyers, all players, and such « like."
October 19. "Sir Thomas Palmer confessed "that the Gendarms (Gens d' Armes) on the "muster-day should be assaulted by two thou"sand footmen of Mr. Vane's, and my Lord's "(Lord Gray's) hundred horse, besides his ** friends that stood by, and the idle people
"which * which took his part. If he were overthrown ** he would run through London, and cry u Liberty, Liberty, to raise the apprentices, Sec."
King Edward's ** yournal"printed in the
The Bishop has likewise added a Discourse about the Reformation of many Abuses, written by this incomparable Prince, in which he fays, "As the gentlemen and serving-men ought to ** be provided for, so neither ought they to have "so much as they have in France, where the * * peasantry is of no value; neither yet meddle a in other occupations, for the arms and legs ** doth neither yet draw the whole blood from ** the liver, but leaveth it sufficient to work on; "neither doth meddle in any kind of engender** ing of blood; no, nor no one part of the body 44 doth serve for two occupations: even so nei** ther the gentleman ought to be a farmer, nor ** the merchant an artificer, but to have his art ** particularly. Furthermore, as no member in a ** well-proportioned body and whole body, is ** too big for the proportion of the body; so "must there be in a well-proportioned Com** monwealth no person that shall have more than ** the proportion of the country will bear, for it rt is hurtful immoderately to enrich any particular
"part. ** part. I think this country can bear no merchant ** to have more land than one hundred pounds; ** no husbandman or farmer worth above one "hundred or two hundred pounds; no artificer ** above one hundred marks; no labourer much "more than he spendeth. I speak now gene"rally, and in such cases may fail in one parti"cular; but this is sure, this Commonwealth "may not bear one man to have more than two "farms, than one benefice, than two thousand et sheep, and one kind of art to live by.*'
# # * * #
"For idle persons, there were never, I think, ** more than be now. The wars men think it ** the cause thereof. Such persons can do no"thing but rob and steal. But flack execution, ** of the laws hath been the chiefest fore of all; "the laws have been manifestly broken, the ** offenders banished, and either by bribery or
fbolilh pity escape punishment."
** These fores must be cured with medicines. ** First, by good education; for Horace sayeth ** wisely,
£j>ug fimel tfi imbuta rccens, fervabit oderem
« With €C With whatsoever thing the ftew veflel is im* "bued, it will long keep its savour, faith Ho.. ** race; meaning, that for the most part men be "as they are brought up *, and men keep "longest the savour of their first bringing up; "therefore, seeing that it be so necessary a thing, "we will give our device thereupon. Youth "must be brought up, some to husbandry, some "in working, graving, gilding, joining, painting, ** making of cloaths, even from their tenderelt "age, to the intent they may not, when they "come to man's estate, loiter as they do now** a-days in neglect, but think their travail sweet "and honest. This shall well ease and remedy "the deceitful workings of things, disobedience "of the lowest sort, casting of seditious bills, "and will clearly take away the idleness of the ** people."
* By a law of Solon, the Legislator of Athens, a child who, by the carelessness or the over-tenderness of his parents, was brought up to no trade or profession, was not obliged to support his parents when they were old or in want; the Legislator wisely considering habitual idleness not only in itself to be criminal, but to be the causc of the greatest primes that are committed, and that those persons ihpuld be completely put out of the protection of the laws, who have been the occasion of that detestable and dangerous vice in the riling generation. , > •