The Physical and Moral Condition of the Children and Young Persons Employed in Mines and Manufactures: Illustrated by Extracts from the Reports of the Commissioners for Inquiring Into the Employment of Children and Young Persons in Mines and Collieries, and in the Trades and Manufactures ...

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Page iii - Now, know ye that we, reposing great trust and confidence in your knowledge and ability, have authorized and appointed, and do by these presents authorize and appoint, you...
Page 3 - That at different ages, from six years old and upwards, the hard work of pushing and dragging the carriages of coal from the workings to the main ways, or to the foot of the shaft, begins ; a labour which all classes of witnesses concur in stating requires the unremitting exertion of all the physical power which the young workers possess.
Page 105 - In that report the Commissioners state: — That instances occur in which children begin to work as early as three and four years of age; not unfrequently at five, and between five and six; while, in general, regular employment commences between seven and eight. That the persons that employ mere infants and the very youngest children, are the parents themselves, who put their children to work at some processes of manufacture under their own eye, in their own houses...
Page iii - We do, by these presents, give and grant to you, or any two or more of you, full power and authority to call before you, or any two or more of you, such persons as you shall judge necessary, by whom you may be the better informed of the truth in the premises...
Page iii - ... or more of you, such persons as you shall judge necessary, by whom you may be the better informed of the truth in the premises, and to inquire of the premises and every part thereof, by all other lawful ways and means whatsoever ; And...
Page 261 - That neither in the new Colliery and Mining towns which have suddenly collected together large bodies of the people in new localities, nor in the towns which have suddenly sprung up under the successful pursuit of some new branch of Trade and Manufacture...
Page iv - ... contained, although the same be not continued from time to time by adjournment. And we hereby command all and singular our justices of the peace, sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, constables, officers, ministers, and all other our loving subjects whatsoever, as well within liberties as without, that they be assistant to you and each of you in the execution of these presents.
Page 2 - ... twentyone years of age, in an employment in which there is nothing deserving the name of skill to be acquired, under circumstances of frequent ill-treatment, and under the oppressive condition that they shall receive only food and clothing, while their free companions may be obtaining a man's wages. 6. That in many instances much that skill and capital can effect to render the place of work unoppressive, healthy, and safe, is done, often with complete success, as far as regards the healthfulness...
Page iv - Presents will and ordain that this Our Commission shall continue in full force and virtue, and that you, Our said Commissioners, or any three or more of you, may from time to time proceed in the execution thereof, and of every matter and thing therein contained, although the same be not continued from time to time by adjournment : AND...
Page 220 - ... who are in a similar state of horrible misery. -My own experience tells me that the instruction of the females in the work of a house, in teaching them to produce cheerfulness and comfort at the fireside, would prevent a great amount of misery and crime. There would be fewer drunken husbands and disobedient children. As a working-man, within my own observation female education is disgracefully neglected. I attach more importance to it than to anything else...

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