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Is this too little for the boundless heart?
God loves from whole to parts : but human soul
370 Earth smiles around, with boundless bounty blest, And heaven beholds its image in his breast.
Come then, my friend! my genius! come along;
Whose sons shall blush their fathers were thy foes,
THE UNIVERSAL PRAYER.1
DEO OPT. MAX.
In every clime adored,
Jehovah, Jove, or Lord!
Who all my sense confined
And that myself am blind;
1 Concerning this poem, it may be proper to observe, that some passages in the preceding essay having been unjustly suspected of a tendency towards fate and naturalism, the author composed this prayer as the sum of all, to show that his system was founded in free-will, and terminated in piety; that the First Cause was as well the Lord and Governor of the universe as the Creator of it; and that, by submission to his will (the great principle enforced throughout the Essay), was not meant the suffering ourselves' to be carried along with a blind determination, Lut a religious acquiescence and confidence full of hope and immortality. To give all this the greater weight and reality, the poet chose for his model the Lord's Prayer, which of all others, best deserves the title prefixed to this paraphrase. - Warburton,
What conscience dictates to be done,
Or warns me not to do,
That, more than heaven pursue.
What blessings thy free bounty gives,
Let me not cast away;
To enjoy is to obey.
Yet not to earth's contracted span
Thy goodness led me bound, Or think thee Lord alone of man,
When thousand words are round:
Let not this weak, unknowing hand
Presume thy bolts to throw
On each I judge thy foe.
If I am right, thy grace impart,
Still in the right to stay;
To find that better way.
Save me alike from foolish pride,
Or impious discontent,
Or aught thy goodness lent.
Teach me to feel another's woe, .
To hide the fault I see;
That mercy show to me
Mean though I am, not wholly so,
Since quickened by thy breath;
Through this day's life or death.
All else beneath the sun,
And let thy will be done.
Est brevitate opus, ut currat sententia, neu se
The Fifth Epistle of the Moral Essays (to Addison, was written in 1715. The Fourth Epistle (to the Earl of Burlington) was published in 1731, under the title Of Taste, subsequently altered to Of False Taste, and ultimately to Of the Use of Riches. The Third Epistle (Оf the Use of Riches, to Lord Bathurst) followed in 1732.
In the same year appeared the first two Epistles of the Essay on Man, the Third succeeding in 1733. In this year also came out the Epistle On the Knowledge and Characters of Men, addressed to Lord Cobham, now the first of the Moral Essays. The Epistle (now the Second of the Moral Essays) to a Lady, On the Characters of Women, appeared in 1735.
TO SIR RICHARD TEMPLE, LORD COBHAM.)
OF THE KNOWLEDGE AND CHARACTERS OF MEN. That it is not sufficient for this knowledge to consider man in the
abstract : books will not serve the purpose, nor yet our own experience singly, ver. 1. General maxims, unless they be formed upon both, will be but notional, ver. 10. Some peculiarity in every man, characteristic to himself, yet varying from himself, ver. 15. Difficulties arising from our own passions, fancies, faculties, &c., ver. 31. The shortness of life, to observe in, and the uncertainty of the principles of action in men, to observe by, ver. 37, &c. Our own principle of action often hid from ourselves, ver. 41. Some few characters plain, but in general confounded, dissembled, or inconsistent, ver. 51. The same man utterly different in different places and seasons, ver. 71. Unimaginable weakness in the greatest, ver. 70, &c. Nothing constant and certain but God and nature, ver. 95. No judging of the motives from the actions ; the same actions proceeding from contrary motives, and the same motives influencing contrary actions, ver. 100.-II. Yet to form characters, we can only take the strongest actions of a man's life, and try to make them agree. The utter uncertainty of this, from nature itself, and from policy, ver. 120. Characters given according to the rank of men of the world, ver. 135.
i Sir Richard Temple, created Viscount Cobham by George I. in 1718, and made a field-marshal in 1742, was on intimate terms with Pope during the latter part of the poet's life.