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me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
mercy, and the assurance of the remission constant darkness may be said to be a reof sins by the comforting testimony of covery of sight to the blind. The allusion the Holy Spirit. Persons oppressed also in this case will be not to the custom of with great trouble of mind, arising from putting out the eyes of prisoners, but to outward afflictions, are not excluded. that of confining them in pits and dark With such, if they bring their case to dungeons. Hence the Messiah, in Isaiah Christ in prayer, he tenderly sympathizes, xlix. 9, is appointed to “say to the PRIgrants support and solace; and by the in- SONERS, Go forth ; to them that are fluences of his grace he turns the sorrows in DARKNESS, Show yourselves." The of life into the means of healing the next clause, to set at liberty them that are soul. To preach deliverance to the captives, bruised, worn down and wounded by the and recovering of sight to the blind, is weight of their chains, is still a heightalso to be understood figuratively of our ened representation of the miserable redemption from the captivity of our spi- condition of the captives. This clause ritual enemies. Instead of recovery of is not, however, either in the present sight to the blind, which is the reading of copies of the Hebrew or Septuagint. The the LXX., the Hebrew is, and freedom to same words occur in the LXX., Isaiah lvtii. those bound in prison ; which is but a re- 6. To preach, proclaim, Keputal, the acpetition of the preceding clause. The ceptable year of the Lord. An accceptaLXX. probably followed a different read. ble time is a season in which God shows ing; or, since it was not uncommon in himself gracious and benign ; and there the east to put out the eyes of prisoners, is here an allusion to the year of jubilee, they took the repetition of the Hebrew to when all debts were cancelled, inheri. express captivity in its harshest forms, tances restored, and freedom given to all and so concluded the captives spoken of, Hebrew bondsmen. This interesting like Samson, to have been deprived of political institution, equally marked by sight, and put to mean and wasting la wisdom and benevolence, and which, when bours. The deliverance of the demoniacs once proclaimed by sound of trumpet, from the bondage of Satan by our mer. filled the whole land with joy and glad. ciful Redeemer, and the opening the eyes ness, and was, to those especially who of those actually deprived of natural were to partake its benefits, an acceptable sight, were fulfilments of this illustrious and most grateful time, was the type of prophecy; but only in a primary and infe- the gospel age of deliverance and restorarior sense, as these were visible TYPES, tion, and was therefore so used by the and most certain PLEDGES, of the power prophet, and quoted by our Lord. Our of the Saviour to rescue us from the Lord began the proclamation of the comgreater calamities of spiritual thraldom, mencement of this spiritual jubilee ; and blindness, and degradation. The Chal- it is the delightful work of his servants dee paraphrase interprets the last clause still to publish it, and to offer the benethus, “To the prisoners, Be ye revealed fits of the day, the season of grace, to all to the light;" which in substance agrees who will accept them,-the remission of with the LXX., since to be brought out of the debt of sin, the restoration of the
21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.
22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son ?
23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.
alienated inheritance of heaven, and spi. least deserved to be candidly considered, ritual freedom. Animated by the same seeing he was equally “mighty in deed fine thought, St. Paul exclaims, “Behold, and word.” But the effect upon an “evil now is the accepted time ; behold, now is heart of unbelief” was the reverse : they the day of salvation,” 2 Cor. vi. 2. wondered at the wisdom and excellence
Verse 21. This day is this scripture ful of what he said, because he was Joseph's filled in your ears.-That is, in your hear son; but they argued that, because he ing; as though he had said, I declare to was so, because he was not great by birth, you this day that it is fulfilled; which im- and trained up under their wise men, he plied that the acceptable year spoken could not be the Messiah. This was the of by the prophet had arrived, and conclusion to which they came after their that he himself was the Messiah wonder at his discourse had somewhat who was anointed to preach the good abated ; and it was with reference to this tidings. God's love to fallen man, the state of their minds that the following provision made by his mercy to remove words of our Lord are to be interpreted. those various spiritual miseries and dan. Without taking it into account that they gers, so affectingly set forth in the text, had fully made up their minds to reject on which he was commenting, opened in his claim, notwithstanding the impression the clearest and sweetest eloquence, and made by his discourse, and that because enforced no doubt with many kind ex- of the lowly condition in which he had hortations and invitations, formed the always lived among them, Christ's subsesubjects of this discourse ; which appears quent address to them appears inexplicato have been of considerable length, bly harsh, and quite different from his and it produced great, though not saving usual manner. But when the people of effect. And they all bare him witness, Nazareth are viewed as already having gave signs of approbation, and wondered made up their minds to reject Christ, and at the gracious words which proceeded out to resist even the convictions which had of his mouth, that is, at the wisdom and stolen upon them during the delivery of elegance of his speech, at the attractive this discourse, and that under the influmanner in which he had set forth allence of a base and worldly prejudice, we these benefits, and the clearness and shall see in the whole an instance of power of argument with which he gave that solemn judicial abandonment which weight to the whole. And they said, Is even Christ shall at length inflict upon not this Joseph's son. The first effect all who wilfully reject his truth. appears to have been surprise, that a Verses 23, 30. Physician, heal thyself.man who had not been brought up in the Our Lord's manner was often to anticipate schools, could discourse so admirably; objections, and to refute them whilst yet which ought to have convinced them, in they were working in the minds of his conjunction with the mighty works which adversaries, and before they had declared they knew he had already wrought in Ga. them. This showed his perfect knowledge lilee, that his claim to be the Messiah at of the heart. That objection, by which
the people of Nazareth appear to have to contempt, and the point of his reproofs fortified themselves against acknowledging blunted. See the notes on Matt. xiii. 57. Jesus as the Messiah was, that he had But our Lord has another reason to not wrought the same, or so great works, give for his not having done as many mi. at Nazareth as in other places; for in- racles there as at Capernaum and other stance, at Capernaum, a city where he places. These works were not to be perhad much resided after he had commenced formed out of natural affection, or love of his ministry, and where he raised Jairus's kindred or country, in those who were daughter from death, healed the man endowed with the power of working them, with a withered hand, the woman with but were under the special command and the issue of blood, and done other great sovereign authority of God, who takes miracles. Of these things they had heard; into account the state of men's hearts, which shows that this visit of our Lord and their improvement of one privilege to Nazareth was not at the commence before he bestows another; and often too ment, but at a late period, of his public overlooks those who fancy they have most ministry; for Luke's plan, as it has al- claim to his regard, to bestow his blessings ready been observed, was not so strictly to upon strangers and despised persons. So observe the order of time in his narrative Elijah was sent, during the great famine, as the classes of events, and their illus- to be the inmate of the widow of Sarepta, trative character. The proverb our Lord a Sidonian city, and therefore herself a quotes is called in the Greek a parable, Gentile, although there were many wibecause proverbs of this class contain a dows in Israel. And Naaman, the Syrian simile or comparison, and were indeed leper, was cleansed by Elisha, although often the moral of well-known parables there were many lepers in Israel. He in the proper sense. It is a common thus plainly declared to them, that, beproverb, implying reproof in all nations, cause of their worldliness and disposition and has various applications. Here the to unbelief, they were less regarded by point of it was, that Christ took more God than others among whom he had care of strangers than of his own been specially sent to perform his mightier townspeople and kindred; that he was works; and not obscurely intimated that liberal of his favours from home. Our the doctrine and salvation they put away Lord's answer shows that this was but a from them should be sent to the Genpretence for not receiving him in his true tiles. They were therefore filled with character. They ought indeed to have wrath ; and, pleading probably what the heen satisfied with smaller evidence of bigoted zealots among them called the his claims than strangers, since he had judgment of zeal,—the lawfulness of lived so many years among them, and had arenging the cause of their religion when established his character for wisdom and they thought any dishonour put upon it, piety; but to their proverb our Lord in a tumultuous manner, without waiting opposes another, No prophet is accepted in for the regular forms of trial,--they hurhis own country, or, as it is given by St. ried him to the brow of the hill, that they Mark,“ d prophet is not without honour, might cast him down the precipice : but save in his own country, and in his own he passed through the midst, not by making house ; ” a truth which often derives il- himself invisible, as some have thought, lustration from fact. For, as public but by a miraculous restraint which he teachers, they may be objects of envy to suddenly laid upon them; and, so showing some, who have known them in a private them their weakness and his power, went condition; and as faithful reprovers his way. Thus he performed among them usually offend, the reproved are ready to one mighty work which he had not done seize upon any circumstance of meanness at Capernaum, the place they pretended to in their former condition, or any thing envy; but it was a miracle which did not connected with their family relations, by bring their Saviour near to them, but which the prophet or teacher is held up separated him from them for ever;
24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No a prophet is accepted in his own country.
25 But I tell you of a truth, o many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;
26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.
27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.
28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,
29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.
30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,
31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
32 And they were astonished at his doctrine : 8 for his word was with power.
33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which d Matt. xiii. 57. e 1 Kings xvii. 9. f 2 Kings v. 14.
Or, edge. g Matt. vii. 29.
h Mark i. 23.
which will be the effect also of the last Verse 32. For his word was with power. act of power our Lord will perform, -This was on many occasions, and in as to all those who wilfully reject various places, felt by his auditors, and him, in whatever age they have lived, acknowledged. See the note on Matt. and in whatever country they may be vii. 28, 29. Not only did his word make found. On the situation of Nazareth a powerful impression, but it carried with Dr. E. D. Clarke remarks: “Induced it a dignity and authority indicating a by the words of the Gospel to examine Being superior to mere human teachers, the place attentively, we went, as it is though prophets. This mystery was not written, out of the city to the brow of the indeed, at that time, so fully revealed, as hill on which the city is built, and came afterwards ; but there was an impression to a precipice corresponding with the of it, though indistinct and indefinite, words of the evangelist.” The topogra- made upon the minds of the thousands in phical accuracy of the writers of the Gos- Galilee, who heard him with reverence pels is indeed so great as to make their and attention, in their synagogues, from writings a guide to travellers to this day, sabbath to sabbath. and furnishes a most convincing proof Verses 33–37. The spirit of an unclean that the Gospels were written by Jews, and devil, 8-c.-See the notes in Mark i. 23, eye-witnesses, or contain their relations. &c.
had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,
34 Saying, . Let us alone ; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth ? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.
35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.
36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this ! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out
37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about.
38 T. And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever ; and they besought him for her.
39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.
40 | Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.
41 i And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak : for they knew that he was Christ. 42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a * Or, away. i Matt. viii. 14.
j Mark i. 34. + Or, to say that they knew him to be Christ.
Verse 38. Simon's wife's mother.-See people of Galilee to hear our Lord, and notes on Matt. viii. 14, 15.
to keep him among them, does the conVerse 40. When the sun was setting, &c. clusion of this chapter with the first verse -Avvoutos de nalou, the present for the of the next exhibit! When he retired past, when the sun had set, which con to the desert, they sought him out, they cluded the Sabbath ; and for that they urged him, endeavoured to restrain him had been waiting, that, as soon as it was by kind entreaties that he should not de lawful, they might bring forth their sick part from them, and pressed upon him to to be healed. See the note on Matt. viii. hear the word of God. Yet “the learen 16.
of the Pharisees” afterwards came in to Verse 42. And came unto him, and stayed destroy all this prospect of good. They him.-What eagerness on the part of the neither “entered the kingdom of heaven