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(11) Griechische Grammatik von Dr MEHLHORN. Halle, 1845.
(12) Griechische Sprachlehre für Schulen von K. W. Krüger. Berlin, 1846.
(13) Syntax des griechischen Verbums von Dr F. SCHMALFELD. Eisleben, 1846.
(14) Syntax der griechischen Sprache von J. N. MADVIG. Braunschweig, 1847.
(15) A Greek Grammar, by T. K. ARNOLD. London, 1848. (16) Paralipomena Grammaticæ Græcæ scripsit C. A. LOBECK. Lipsia, 1837.
(17) Griechische Grammatik von Dr V. C. F. ROST. Göttingen, 1856. Seventh Edition.
A regard for the convenience of the student has induced me to retain the terminology and formal divisions found in previous grammars. The nomenclature adopted by comparative philology is mentioned and explained; but it is not substituted for older grammatical terms. The division of the predicates into primary, secondary, and tertiary, on which the syntax depends, can create no difficulty, and I am happy to say that it is beginning to find favour with some of the best scholars in the country.
The numerous translations of peculiar phrases and difficult constructions, which will be found in this edition of the syntax, will, I feel sure, contribute very materially towards its adoption by those who are really anxious to gain a practical mastery over the diction of the best writers. And these exemplifications of the principles laid down may perhaps conduce to the diffusion of an exactness of scholarship, which I, for one, have too often missed even in the examination papers of the ablest and most elaborately disciplined competitors for public distinctions and emoluments.
As this work has now been before the world for some time,— the present edition of the syntax in particular being the fourth that I have had an opportunity of revising,—and as it has been already well received by many whose favourable opinion is of the greatest weight, I venture to hope that the labour, which I have now bestowed upon the book, will not be unacceptable to the important class of students, for whose use it is more immediately designed.
J. W. D.
14 February, 1859.
ADVERTISEMENT TO THE THIRD EDITION.
SOME few oversights which occurred in printing the former editions of this work have been corrected in the present. The additions to the text, with the exception of three passages communicated by a friend of the late Dr Donaldson, are from annotations in the author's handwriting on the margin of his own copy. A paper found therewith shews some of the most important of these to be due to a communication from a well-known critic. Considerable additions have been made to the Indices, which it is hoped will be found useful to the student.
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB.