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CHAP. H.3 IN FRANCE. 29
who received me with great politeness. In the hurry and occupations of very extensive commercial pursuits, this amiable old gentleman had found leisure to indulge himself in works, of taste. His noble fortune enabled him to gratify his liberal inclinations. I found him seated in his compting-house, which, from its handsome furniture and valuable paintings, resembled an elegant cabinet. I stated the conduct of the municipality towards us, and requested his aflistance. After he had shown me his apartments, a sine collection of drawings, by some of the sirst masters, and some more excellent paintings, we parted with an assurance that he would immediately wait upon the mayor, who was his friend, and had no doubt but that he should in the course of the next day enable us to leave Havre when and in what manner we pleased, 'With this agreeable piece of intelligence, I immediately returned to the inn, where it induced us to drink health and success to the friendly merchant in another bottle of champaign.
Passports procured.—Coins.,—Town if Havre.—— Carts.—Citoyen.—Honflcur.—Deserters.—Prefect de Marine.—Ville de Sandwich.—French Farmers.—Sir Sidney Smith.—Catharine de Medicis.——
. Light Hcusa.—Rafts.
IF Havre had been a Paradise, the feelings of restraint would have discolored the magic scenery, and turned the enlivening green to a cheerless barren brown.
As we could relish nothing, until we had procured our release, the first place we visited the next morning was,, ence more, the residence of the municipality, where we found that our worthy friend had previoufly arranged every thing to our wishes, and upon his signing a certisicate, that we were peaceable citizens, and had no intention to overturn the republic, our passports were made out, and upon an exchange of a little snuss, and a sew bows, we retired. Tire Other, two Englishmen had their wishes gratisied, by the fame lucky incident, which had affisted us. Having changed ciur guineas for French money, and as in future, wh(£ri money is mentioned, it will be in the currency cf the country, it perhaps may not be unacceptable to subjoin a table of the old, and new, and republican coins. For every guinea of full weight, which we carried over, we received twentyfour uvres, or a louis d'or, which is e<jual to twenty
'Ihillings sterling, of course w e lost one shilling upon every good guinea, and more, according to the desiciency of weight. The course of exchange and commifllon, with our country, I afterwards found at Paris, to be one (hilling and eight pence, in the pound sterling, against us, but the disference will be progreffively nearer par, as the accustomed relations of commerce resume their former habits. I was surprised to sind the ancient monarchical coin in chief circulation, and that of the republic, very consined. Scarce a pecuniary transaction can occur, but the silent, and eloquent medallion oi the unhnppy monarch, seems to remind these bewildered people of his fate, and their past misfortunes. Although the country is poor, all their payments are made in cash, this is owing to the shock given by the revolution, to individuaT, and consequently to paper credit.
To comprehend their money, it must be known, although the French always calculate by livres, as we do by pounds sterling, that the livre is no coin, but computation.
eotst. '< '. /. d.
A louis <for is twenty-four livres Fr. or 20 0 Engs
A grand ecu, or six livre piece> - 5 0
An ecu, or three livre piece, - 2 6
The vingt cruatre sols piece, - - 1 0
A douze sols piece is twelve pence Fr. or 0 6- ,
COPPER MIXED WITH SILVER.
A deux sols, or two pence French, and one penny English, is nearly the size of our six pence, but is copper, with a white or silverilh mixture, twelve of these make a vingt quatre sols piece, or one shilling English.
They have; also another small piece of nearly the fame size and color-, but not so. white, and rather thinner, which is one sol and a half, three halfpence: French, or three farthings English...,
A sol is like our halfpenny, value ore pennyFrench, or a halfpenny English, twenty-four of these make an Englishstalling.
A deux hard piece is half a sol French, or afarthing English.
A Hard is a farthing French, and of the value of half a farthing English..
A thirty sols piece, is a very beautiful and convenieiit coin, worth one shilling and three pence Eng-[ lish, haying a good impreffion of the late king's head •on one side, and the goddefe of liberty on the othtr;
was struck in the early jart of the revolution*.
A sifteen sols piece is half of the above and very convenient.
A six Hard is a bit of copper composition, such as the sine cannon are made of, aad is worth three sols Trench, or a halfpenny, and a farthing English.
A cinq centimes is worth a halfpenny and half a farthing English.
The centimes are of the value of half farthings,, sive of which are equal to the last coin, they are very small and neat.
An early knowledge of these coins, is very necessary to a stranger, on account of the dishonest advantages which French tradesmen take of their English customers.
To return to iriy narrative : sinding ourselves at liberty to pursue our route, we went from the municipality to the bureau des diligences, and secured our places in the voiture to Rouen, for the next day.
After this necessary arrangement, we proceeded to view the town, which is composed of long and narrow streets. The fronts of the houses, which are lofty, are deformed by the spaces between the naked intersections of the frame work being silled up with mor