Protected Areas and Regional Development in Europe: Towards a New Model for the 21st Century

Front Cover
Ingo Mose
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Jan 1, 2007 - Science - 249 pages
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Protected areas in Europe have experienced considerable change with regard to their objectives. While originally created as reserves for beautiful landscapes and endangered species, they subsequently were used as a means to preserve whole ecosystems, with restrictions on human activities and impacts. More recently, protected areas are being considered as instruments for regional development, particularly in marginal regions that are facing severe economic and socio-cultural problems. Contrary to previous policies, where the focus was on conservation, new approaches aim to integrate conservation and development functions, making protected areas real 'living landscapes'. The policies attempt to integrate activities such as agriculture, forestry, handicrafts, tourism and education with the conservation and sustainability aspects. The past decade has seen a noticeable increase of these innovative and dynamic types of protected areas, such as Biosphere reserves or regional parks. However, the policies of individual European countries regarding protected areas is very varied, with some adopting these new policies and others much more traditional in approach.On top of this, EU regional policy needs to be considered. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the relation between protected areas and regional development policies, both in theory and practice. Illustrated with a wide range of case studies from across Europe, it compares different concepts, strategies and instruments being used. In conclusion, it suggests the most innovatives and successful ways to use protected areas for regeneration and sustainable regional development.
 

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Contents

A New Paradigm for Protected Areas in Europe?
3
1 Weighting of the IUCN categories of protected areas in Europe
4
2 Advancement of protected area policy in Europe
10
1 Model of the UNESCO biosphere reserves
27
An Instrument for Sustainable Regional
39
1 Actorcentred model of the interaction between institutional
43
Can Tourism Promote Regional Development in Protected
55
1 Share of tourist arrivals in Europe by regions 1990 and 2020
58
1 The Cinque Terre National Park
130
2 Integrated system Cinque Terre National Park
138
National Parks and Rural Development in Spain
141
1 National parks of the Iberian Peninsula
144
3 The system of protected areas of Andalusia RENPA
150
4 Land use conflicts in the Donana area
156
An Analysis
161
1 Location of the Muritz National Park
168

3 Interests of guests according to statements of
66
1 The location of nature parks in Austria
77
4 Positive expectations by categories in for all municipalities
85
8 Comparison between municipalities in achieving
90
A Model for Protected Areas
99
1 Hohe Tauer n National Park
100
3 Local Action Groups under the European Common Initiative
107
1 The French national parks
116
A Case Study
129
A Future Model for Protected Areas and Sustainable Tourism
179
1 National parks in England Wales and Scotland
185
Protected Areas and Regional Development Issues
199
1 Location and management zones of the UK National Park
200
The Economic Potential of Regional Nature Parks
213
1 Regional nature park projects in the Canton of Bern
216
4 Assessment of potential regional added value due
225
Index
247
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