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Parliament, their rights, grievances, and opinions. V. To circulate information, by tracts, &c. Vi. To aim at the recovery of all ground lost in the struggle for Protestant ascendancy-of truth above error, and of freedom over superstition, aggression, and ecclesiastical tyranny. VII. To demand that laws, made for the protection of Protestantism, be duly enforced ; especially those relating to Jesuits, monks, &c., assumption of ecclesiastical titles, &c. VIII. To protest against all unscriptural systems of education, known by the names of “National Board,” “Provincial Colleges,” &c., &c. IX. To press for the withdrawal of all grants for education of students at Maynooth, for Romish prelates, chaplains, &c., &c. X. For the abolition of nunneries. XI. For denial of admission of Popish priests into jails, after conviction of culprits. XII. And especially to aim at the repealing of the Act of 1829, by which Act Romanists have been permitted to legislate; and, since which time, they have proved themselves, by many acts, utterly unworthy to have any share in legislation which affects our lives, religion, and liberty. N.B.-Ali persons seeking admission into this Association, as Members, or Honorary Members, are bound by the above.
A letter from Rome, of the 2d, in the Univers, says that the Pope, who has already protested against the sale of ecclesiastical property in Spain, is about to interrupt all diplomatic intercourse with that country.
The Pope and his Subjects. The newspapers have the following among the items of Foreign Intelligence :-"Rome, May 26.-The Pope effected his return from the country on the evening of the 23d inst.-The road between Castel Gandolfo and Rome was strongly guarded by pickets of gendarmes, stationed at short intervals, and patrols of horse police, who perfectly succeeded in ensuring the safety of his Holiness.” What cordial feelings must exist between the Pope and his subjects, when, to escape their stiletto or pistol shot, he inust be guarded by “pickets of gendarmes and patrols of horse police,”. and so "he effected his return from the country.' A very pleasant excursion truly it must have been! This is the result of the long-continued sway of the Pontiffs, and the reign of the Papacy over the unfortunate inhabitants of Rome! Deep hatred, intense aversion, and desperate determination to get rid of Pope, Cardinals, priests, and all, are the sentiments engendered among the population, who have so long enjoyed the full benefit of Papal ascendancy and rule. Happy prince, and happy people! Pio Nono, who, in the revolutionary age, played the part of reformer, and promised constitutional government until the danger was past, has long since thrown off the mask, and acts the part of a despot to perfection. Having excluded the Scriptures from his States, his disgusted and betrayed people have fallen into infidelity and red republicanism. This is the natural and inevitable result of substituting the Papal system for the truth of God. The only hope of Italy and its oppressed people is in a free Gospel. But what is their hope and their salvation will be the overthrow and destruction of the civil and ecclesiastical tyranny under which they groan. Hence the Pope dreads the Bible as much as he does the effusions of Mazzini and the revolutionary press. Either of them, if left unfettered, would effect his downfall, though in very different ways, and with very different results.
Notices of Books.
Sabbath Evening Readings on the Dr. Cumming, remarks at pages 1
New Testament.-St. John. By and 2, that “ The Gospel of St. John Rev. John CUMMING, D.D., Au- was written for all believers as such thor of “ Apocalyptic Sketches,' in all ages of the world," and that it &c. London: Arthur Hall, Virtue, may “very justly and truly” be called and Co., Paternoster-row. 1855. “ the Gospel of the Father." Pp. 536.
The “ Readings" on St. John are so This volume possesses deep interest. simple, that the most unlearned can easily understand them; and so inte- Roman Catholic Church upon the other, resting, that the educated will feel whether the Greek verb for search ought pleasure in perusing them.
to be translated in the present indicaThere are a variety of points touched tive, Ye search the Scriptures,' or in upon in connexion with the Romish the imperative mood, Search the controversy, and we think it may prove Scriptures.' In the Roman Catholic useful to quote a few observations version, it is in the present indicative, on these topics, as Protestants fre- “Ye search the Scriptures;' in our quently need to be furnished with version it is in the imperative, Search simple Scripture arguments, when the Scriptures.' In the first it is the brought into contact with intelligent declaration of a fact; in the second it Romanists.
is the injunction of a duty. But I The idolatrous worship of the Virgin showed you that whether you take it Mary is one feature of the apostate in the one way or in the other, it canRomish faith.
not serve the purpose of the Romanist At p. 24, we find the following ob- in asserting that the study of the Scripservations on the second chapter of tures is not the duty of the laity; for St. John :
if it be translated in the present in“Let us notice in the whole history dicative, then it is the declaration of a of Jesus the gradual retreat of Mary practice which our Lord sanctions, and into the obscurity that belongs to her, which he justifies, and by which he and the gradual procession of Jesus says they may discover eternal life: into the glory that He had with the and if it be the injunction of a duty, Father before the world was. This then it is an obligation upon all: either translation, What have I to do with way it vindicates the blessed privilege thee?' I believe, is scarcely correct; rather than the sacred duty of searchbut instead of accepting a softer trans- ing that blessed book, which is the lation, as the Romanists would have, storehouse of the things that belong it appears to me that it is susceptible to our everlasting peace.” of a much more decided one. It is P. 88:not, What have I to do with thee?' “ Having seen thus far how we are but really, .What hast thou to do with warranted in interpreting this passage,
That is the true rendering. I notice the lessons that naturally The words are in the original, Tí čuo flow from it. First, the expression kai ooi; and according to the Greek here applied to the Bible The idiom, the ooi is the leading pronoun; Scriptures'-is suggestive of a most and therefore it ought to be, What precious truth. God's Word is not hast thou to do with me?' not, What left to oral transmission, to traditional have I to do with thee?' Jesus had unfolding, but it is written. The word much to do with her; he had to wash translated by us 'Scripture,' or in the her spirit in his precious blood, and to plural, “Scriptures,' means something admit her, a poor sinner, to everlast- written. To search, therefore, the ing joy : but she had nothing to do Scriptures is not, listen to oral testiwith Him in the way of helping Him. mony, to ecclesiastical tradition, to He must tread the winepress alone; Patristic opinion; but, search that of the people there must be none with which is written—the Scripture. And Him: He must suffer alone, die alone, it is a very blessed fact that the Scripand so receive the glory alone; and as tures are written. They are thus a no one shared in his sorrows, none stereotype. Our opinions may vary, must share in his glory and exalta- like clouds about a mountain top, but tion."
the mountain top remains whether the In the fifth chapter, Dr. Cumming clouds are resolved in showers, or explains in a striking and interesting deepen into greater unist and darkmanner the injunction, “Search the So this blessed book, being a Scriptures.”
fixture, remains. The commentaries P. 86:
of men very often are in collision, but “ I have already noticed that there the great and blessed fact remains, was a dispute between the Protestant that God's Word, like himself, is imChurch upon the one hand and the mutable—it is a fixture-—it is written."
Pp. 89 and 90:
tainable without toil; man does not “ The passage shows that it was earn his bread without labour. And addressed to the laity, to all the people why should we expect to have and rethat were met together; some lawyers, ceive truth without toil? It is right some Pharisees, some publicans, and we should have the Bible, it is a priothers; it implies that the laity, that vilege to be able to read it; but it is is, Christian people, ought to have still a duty to search it, and to search it the Bible.
One of the plainest diligently till we find out the great lessons taught in the Bible, and the and precious truths which relate to most difficult to escape, is that the the salvation of the soul, to the glory Bible is for the laity. In the first of God, and the well-being of manplace, the laity have souls to be taught; kind. The word accordingly implies they need that book out of which they that you are to explore the sacred vocan be taught. In the second place, a lume as the miner explores the earth layman is as capable of understanding for its seams of gold, as the diver plain and simple statement of fact, as descends into the deep for its precious the most educated clergyman. And pearls; not ceasing to search till you in the next place, the laity are just as have discovered what God has prolearned as are the clergy. And in the mised to guide you to-his own blessed last place, every Epistle in the New and well-beloved Son. Then, in the Testament, except three, is addressed second place, when you search the to the lay people, or to the Christian Bible, search it to discover what the people, and not to the ministers at all. Bible was given to reveal. And therefore it is plain that the Search this book, to find out what Christian people ought to have the Goä 'has revealed concerning you, Scriptures, for the command to search your responsibility, your destiny, your the Scriptures implies they previously hopes, your fears, all that you need to had the book, or how could they know as associated with that which is search a book, that they had not in • your duty, and that which leads to their own possession ? And in the eternal life. In searching this book, next place, the passage plainly teaches you must search it to find out what is that the Bible is an intelligible book. God's mind, not to find texts to prove If it be unintelligible, what use can your theory, or to vindicate your comthere be in searching what we can munion.” never understand—what use of trying P. 93:to go into a labyrinth that has no “ You must not carry your creed to avenue that leads to open day? What the Bible, and read the Bible in the is the use of reading a book that we light of your creed; but you must cannot understand? The meaning of carry your creed to the Bible, and read a book is to reveal something; the your creed in the light of the Bible, meaning of reading a book is to inform You are not first to lay down a creed, you of something; and if we are com- and hunt up texts to support it; but manded to read this blessed book, you are first to open the Bible, and surely there underlies the previous find what is written, and deduce your fact that the book is intelligible to creed from what is written in that those that will impartially and dispas- book, which ends all controversies, sionately read it?"
and settles all disputes. Remember Pp. 91, 92 :
that the Roman Catholic şin is, that “Let us, however, turn our atten. he reads his Bible in the light of the tion to the main duty that is insisted Church, as he calls it, or of the fathers; on, namely, search. The word is but it is no less Roman Catholic to extremely expressive. It denotes. read your Bible in the light of the search for something you have lost. Thirty-nine Articles, or in the light Search the earth for its Eden; search of the Scotch Confession of Faith ; it the ocean for its precious pearls; is just as Popish a practice. We are search amid all difficulty, in face of to read the Bible as God's Word, rethe greatest peril, for that which you jecting creeds and articles that contrabelieve and know to be most precious. dict it; only thankful when we find Now, there is no earthly blessing at that what we hold is supported and world. If you be Christians, you are “I pray not that thou shouldest just the very people that the world take them out of the world, but that wants; and to go out of it is to do thou shouldest keep thern from the what God forbids. And if you be not evil.' That is the prayer that is Christians, to go into a convent to get applicable to every true Christian Christianity is much worse, you may Christ does not pray that we may be depend upon it, than continuing where taken out of the world; and every you are. Where you are you may attempt to take ourselves out of the attain it, whither
confirmed by this blessed and inspired it, through God's strength, we are to volume.”
do the duties that devolve upon us; Page 94:
and there, not elsewhere, to glorify our “ We must search this blessed book Father in heaven. And this verse always in prayer. It is a great ordin- seems to me to be utterly fatal to all ance, that the wayfaring man who conventual and monkish institutions. searches the Bible, and prays that the "I pray not that thon shouldest take Spirit of truth may teach him its them out of the world.'
Ask a meaning, will never err therein; it is monk what explains his position. no less true that you may search the His answer will be, ' I was afraid of Bible from morning till night without the world's sin; and therefore I came prayer, and God will not suffer you out of it, that I might worship God as ihus savingly to understand it. It is I could desire;' that is his explanation part and parcel of his own law that of it. But is that compatible with our you should read the Bible, but read it Lord's prayer-I pray not that thou looking to him for light and direc- shouldest take them out of the world?' tion to help you. And it is a blessed Supposing that a convent is extra thought to us, that the Author of the mundane, out of the world, which is a book still lives; and that what is in very questionable thing, then to run the book which we do not understand, out of the world to escape from the we may reverently ask the Inspirer of trials of the world, is to traverse and the book to make plain and unmis- to contradict the very words of our takeable to our minds."
Lord, that in the world we should reIt is indeed marvellous, that in the main, that we may be the lights, the nineteenth century any argument blessings, and the benefactors of the should be required to prove the evil world. Suppose that everybody were connected with conventual establish- to have the monkish desire, what ments; much less that it should be would be the result? That all the imagined, that the religion of our 'salt of the earth would leave it, and it blessed Redeemer sanctions such a would go to corruption; that all the mode of life; yet superstition and lights of the world would be quenched, bigoted ignorance assuredly prevail to and it would be consigned to darka fearful extent; and we consider the
It does seem to me, that the following appropriate observations better a man is, the more Christian a calculated to do much good. At pp. Jady is, the more need the world has 348, 349, and 350, in the Commen- of them, not the more imperative it is tary on the seventeenth chapter of upon him or her to go out of the John, we read,
you will world is either monkish or suicidal ; no chance of getting it at all. It that is,
unscriptural and wrong. seems, therefore, obvious that the true Christ's prayer is, that Christians while duty of a Christian is to remain where in the world may be kept from its Providence has placed him. If you evil, and be the lights of the world; are a soldier, you can serve God as a that others, seeing their good works, soldier; if you be a sailor, you can may glorify their Father who is in
serve him as a sailor; if you be a heaven. We never ought to forget Member of Parliament you can serve that our position is assigned us in God there; if you be a tradesman, or Providence; and that we are not at a merchant, or a lawyer, or a phyliberty to leave that position any more sician, you can serve God 'thus. And than the soldier or sentinel is to leave you will find it invariably true, that the post that is assigned him ; but in the man who cannot serve God just
go you have
where he is, never would serve him through thine own name those that better if he were where he would be. thou hast given me. I do not pray And very often, the wish to change that thou wouldest take them out of our place in order to be religious, as it the world ; but I pray that thou is called, is simply a lazy wish to get wouldest keep them from its evil,' out of difficulties that we will not whatever that evil is, the evil of the manfully grapple with, and to get into world." smoother water, where we think we We recommend these “Readings shall have less trouble, under the pre- on St. John," to heads of families, for tence that we shall be more religious. family worship on a Sunday evening. The prayer is, “Holy Father, keep
Protestant AssOCIATION OF Bir- Lecturer took his facts from partial MINGHAM.-SMETHWICK BRANCH.-- authorities, effectually anticipated and On the evening of Tuesday, July 17, demolished. The Lecturer was heard J. B. Melson, Esq., M.D., of Bir- with absorbing attention, and evoked mingham, delivered, in the National an occasional outbreak of reprobation School-rooms, Smethwick, a Lecture wir never he quoted the blasphemies on Popery. Unavoidable causes pre- of her who is drunken with the blood vented the attendance of John Hen- of the saints. The Lecturer concluded derson, Esq., of the London Works, with pointed advice as to the necessity and the Rev. T. G. Simcox, Vicar of close and strong union among Proof Trinity Church, North Harborne, testants in resisting the aggressive either of whom would otherwise have efforts of Rome. At the close of the acted as Chairman. The Rev. T. Lecture a Meeting was announced to Roper, Curate of Trinity Church, took be held in the same place on Monday the chair. The subject chosen by the erening, the 30th July.—From a CorLecturer, was “ Popery a Lie." He respondent. selected as the groundwork of his SPAIN.-RidicuLOUS Expose. It theme, the delineation of Antichrist is to be feared the faith of Spain is on as given by Paul, comparing it with the decline. A Madrid letter says :the prophetic descriptions of Daniel “An extraordinary thing has just and John. The Lecturer, in a se- occurred. It has been stated that the ries of passages characterized by Pope, in return for the magnificent great force and clearness, showed tiara enriched with diamonds prethe striking application of that de- sented to him by the Queen, had sent lineation, and those descriptions to to her Majesty the skeleton of St. Felix the Heads which have successively the Martyr; but it turns out that the ruled the Church of Rome; the relics of the same St. Felix the Martyr large catalogue of her errors and already exist in the church of Saint foul atrocities, her direct antagonism, Mary, in the town of Arcos, in Andaand ceasless hatred to Scriptural truth, lusia.” were succinctly but ably descanted on, FLORENCE.DECLINE OF POPERÝ and the influence of her baneful In Florence.—It is stated on good doctrines. on her infatuated slaves authority that no less than five thoudepicted with great power. Those sand individuals in Florence have failed summoned by the Lecturer to tell the to come forward at the Easter comstory of the Harlot Church's crimes munion. Before Easter, the priests were among the best, the brightest, of visit every house, and leave a ticket to her sons, and truly out of her own be given in when the person receiving mouth was she condemned. Thus it confesses and communicates. An was the probable imputation, that the accurate register is kept, so that the