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THE

NATURAL HISTORY

OP

THE BIBLE;

OR,

A DESCRIPTION

OF ALL THE

QUADRUPEDS, BIRDS, FISHES, REPTILES, AND INSECTS, TREES,

PLANTS, FLOWERS, GUMS, AND PRECIOUS STONES,

MENTIONED IN THE SACRED SCRIPTURES.

COLLECTED FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES, AND ALPHABETICALLY

ARRANGED.

BY THADDEUS MASON HARRIS, D.D.

* He spake of Trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth
out of the wall. He spake also of Beasts, and of Fowls, and of Creeping things, and of
Fishes." 1 KINGS iv. 33.

BOSTON:

WELLS AND LILLY-COURT-STREET,

DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, TO WIT:

District Clerk's Office. BE it remembered, that on the thirty-first day of October, A.D. 1820, in the Forty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Thaddeus Mason Harris of the said Dis. trict, has deposited in this Office the Title of a Book the Right whereof he claims as Author in the Words following, to wit : The Natural History of the Bible ; or, a Description of all the Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Reptiles, and Insects, Trees, Plants, Flowers, Gums, and Precious Stones, mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures. Collected from the best Authorities, and Alpbabetically arranged. By Thaddeus Mason Harris, D.D.

“ He spake of Trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall. He spake also of Beasts, and of Fowls, and of Creeping things, and of

out of the wall Gs iv. 33. f the Congress of the of Maps, Chartsoned :" and alent of Learn

In Conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned :" and also to an Act entitled," An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of Designing, Engraving and Etching Historical, and other Prints.”

ing, by securing his times therein men tistorical, and other ind. W. DAVIS

Clerk of the District of Massachusetts.

husetts.

De Waren Lombard

PREFACE.

THERE are few things more difficult to be determined with any degree of certainty and precision, than those which refer to the natural history of the world in the earlier ages; for we have no ancient history of nature which describes animals, plants, &c. under their original names. This difficulty is always felt, and has always been regretted, in perusing the Sacred Scriptures ; for our ignorance of the various beasts, birds, and plants which are expressly mentioned or incidentally referred to there, prevents us from discovering the propriety of many allusions to their nature and habits, and conceals from us the beauty of many similies which are founded on their characteristic qualities. The utility of a clear and correct explanation of these will be apparent from the following considerations :

1. The distinction between clean and unclean ANIMALS forms an important part of the Mosaic ritual. Neither the indulgence of the former in the food of the Jews, nor the prohibition of the latter, was merely arbitrary, but founded, among other reasons, upon judicious rules of dietetic regimen, adapted primarily to the climate, or to the nature and qualities of the animals, as salutary or unwholesome, as proper or improper, to be eaten. To perceive the propriety of the regulations in this respect, it is highly necessary to determine what those animals were, and to point out those instincts, habits, and qualities on account of which they were either allowed or prohibited.

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