The Really Hard Problem: Meaning in a Material World
If consciousness is "the hard problem" in mind science -- explaining how the amazing private world of consciousness emerges from neuronal activity -- then "the really hard problem," writes Owen Flanagan in this provocative book, is explaining how meaning is possible in the material world. How can we make sense of the magic and mystery of life naturalistically, without an appeal to the supernatural? How do we say truthful and enchanting things about being human if we accept the fact that we are finite material beings living in a material world, or, in Flanagan's description, short-lived pieces of organized cells and tissue?
Flanagan's answer is both naturalistic and enchanting. We all wish to live in a meaningful way, to live a life that really matters, to flourish, to achieve eudaimonia -- to be a "happy spirit." Flanagan calls his "empirical-normative" inquiry into the nature, causes, and conditions of human flourishing eudaimonics. Eudaimonics, systematic philosophical investigation that is continuous with science, is the naturalist's response to those who say that science has robbed the world of the meaning that fantastical, wishful stories once provided.
Flanagan draws on philosophy, neuroscience, evolutionary biology, and psychology, as well as on transformative mindfulness and self-cultivation practices that come from such nontheistic spiritual traditions as Buddhism, Confucianism, Aristotelianism, and Stoicism, in his quest. He gathers from these disciplines knowledge that will help us understand the nature, causes, and constituents of well-being and advance human flourishing. Eudaimonics can help us find out how to make a difference, how to contribute to the accumulation of good effects -- how to live a meaningful life.
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Many scientists will claim to be in search of the truth, regardless of consequences
.16 Truth be told, the aims of scientists and technologists are multifarious. The
knowledge-for-its-own-sake school of thought is common among, say ...
Immaterial, but capable of making energy transfers. Among philosophically
inclined mind scientists there are a range of attitudes about how we ought to
naturalize subjective experience. Why would one care about naturalizing
I reported on the study in New Scientist (2003a), and Dan Goleman (2003b)
wrote about it in the New York Times. 21. These facts put a burden on scientists
in the field: When a worthy sort of happiness is claimed to be among the goods ...
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An academic philosopher discusses finding meaning in a material world. The assumption at the beginning is that humans are a transient collection of neurochemicals, and that all consciousness is ... Read full review
Buddhism and Science
Normative Mind Science? Psychology Neuroscience and the Good
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