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VINDICATION
L. GOVERNMENT
SCOTLAND,

During the REIGN of
:- King Charles the II.

AGAINST
Mif-Representations made in fe-

veral Scandalous Pamphlets.

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"To which is added the Method of Proceeding against Criminals, as

also some of the Phanatical Covenants, as they were Printed and
Published by themselyes in that Reigo.

By Sir GEORGE MACKENZIE

Late LORD ADVOCATE, There.

LONDON, Printed in the Year 1691.
Reprinted at EDINBURGH, by JAMES WATSON, and fold
at his Shop opposite to the Lucken-Booths. 1712.

(Price One Shilling. )

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During the Reign of
CHARLES II..

AGAINST
Mif-representations made in several Scandalous

Lisa Pamphlets.
T H É Design of this paper is neither to seduce others into

Faction, nor to make an Apologie; the one being too
Malicious, and the other too Mean: But because many

honelt and sincere Men have been abused by some late Misinformations; whereby the Charity and Unity of Protestants àmongst themselves are much weakened; therefore this Paper comes to let Things in their true Light, by.a bare Narrative, which will be sufficient to reclaim those who are abus'd, and to confute those malicious Authors, who have endeavoureď to Reproach a whole Nation with Vilanies, of which none but thèse Authors themselves could have been guilty

Because the Civil Government in Scotland was never bigot in that King's Reign, therefore we shall not run back to consider Episcopacy or Presbyterie, otherways' than as thěy may concern the Civil Government. Neither should we run so far back, as tò the Government of King Charles I. were it not to prove, that these of the same Persuasion, who now complain, were the first A 2

Ag

Aggressors; and consequently, what was done against them de serves rather the Name of Self-defence than Persecution.

For clearing this, it is necessary to represent, That in the Year 1637, we liv'd under the most Pious and Orthodox Prince of the Age, and yet a Rebellion was form’d against him, as a Papist, and a Tyrant, by which all the Fundamental Laws were shaken, and all honest Men ruin'd. Neither needs there any other Proof for this Assertion, than the Records of Parliament, General Assem. blies, and Justice Court.

From the Records and Ads of Parliament it is undeniable, that the Power of nominating Judges, Counsellors, and all Officers of State; the Power of levying War, and raising Taxes, were usurp'd by the People; Covenants were entred into by a Part of the Subjects, and by them impos'd imperiously upon the rest ; Leagues and Covenants were 'entrédinto with England; Ambassadours were sent to Foreign Princes and States; and even to France, (tho' little less terrible then, than now) exclaiming against the Injuftice of the King, justifying their taking Arms against him, and therefore intreating the French Aid and Allistance : The King him. self was inhumanely deliver'd up to his Enemies, and thereafter the Army that went in to defend his precious Life, were declared Rebels, all which was uncontravertedly inconsistent with the Laws of the Kingdom then standing.

From the Acts of the General Assembly it is clear, that the Afsembly 1639, refus'd to rise, when, dissolv'd by the King's Commisioner, and most of the following Assemblies did both lit down and rise without his Warrant. This Assembly threw out the BiThops, and abrogated Epifcopacy without Authority of Parliament, tho' the Bishops were always the first of the Three Estates of Parliament. A new Oath was invented, called, The Covenant, without the King's Authority; and all Men, Women and Children, that were above Ten Years of Age, forc'd to take it; and such as took it not, were Excommunicated, upon which all their Moveables or Chattels were confiscated, and they themselves being declar'd disobedient to the Laws, were forc’d to fly. The King's Negative Voice was declared Ilegal, and the Acts made for asisting him in the Year Forty Eight, were declar'd Void and Null, by an unparal

leld

leld Invasion, the General Asembly, (imitating in this, as in many other Things, the Church of Rome) raised themselves above King and Parliament.

From the Records of the Justice Court, we find that the Eftates made Advocates or Attorney Generals by their own Authority; who prosecuted to Death, such as defended their own Houses, by vertue of expreß Commission from the King, and such as rose in Arms for his Defence, tho' they had both His Commifsions, and Remissions, though the Judges that condemned them, sat by vertue of that very King's Commission. They not only borrowed vast Sums by meer Force, from private Men, whom they never paid, but also they were the firit that brought in Free and dry Quarter, Ceß, Excise, and all these Publick Burdens, afterwards to much. complained of, (when they were continued upon necessary Exigencies, by lawful Authoria ty) we having neither formerly known Oaths, nor Publick Burdens under our gentle King's, against whom they so much exclaim'd as Tyrants, becaule forsooth they kept them frombea ing fuch: All these Proceedings were not only condemn'd' by the general Opinion of both Protestants and Papists Abroad, but Itand yet condemned by exprefs Acts of Parliament, and by many Acts in the like Cases in Scotland, and England, and fo nothing which can be alledged in Justification of them, deserves or needs an Answer.

King Charles the Second being restored by almost the universal Consent of all the People, the worst of whom grew weary of their Villanies": The Parliament of Scotland being called, they enquired very seriously into the Occasion of such Disorders, and soon found that they were all: to be charged upon the Solemn League and Covenant, and those who adhered thereto; and there fore they endeavoured to perswade the Presbyterians to difown the Covenant, all Favour being promised to them upon that Condition: But finding that the Presbyterians generally thought themselves bound to own the Covenant, the Parliament concluding that the fame Men, owning the same Principles, would be ready upon Occasion to act over again the same Things, therefore, they by Vote (which may be called unanimous, seeing only

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