Cattle in Ancient and Modern Ireland: Farming Practices, Environment and Economy
Michael O'Connell, Fergus Kelly, James H. McAdam
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Apr 26, 2016 - Technology & Engineering - 230 pages
Cattle have been the mainstay of Irish farming since the Neolithic began in Ireland almost 6000 years ago. Cattle, and especially cows, have been important in the life experiences of most Irish people, directly and/or through legends such as the Táin Bó Cuailnge (The Cattle-raid of Cooley). In this book, diverse aspects of cattle in Ireland, from the circumstances of their first introduction to recent and ongoing developments in the management of grasslands – still the main food-source for cattle in Ireland – are explored in thirteen essays written by experts. New information is presented, and several aspects relating to cattle husbandry and the interactions of cattle and people that have hitherto received little or no attention are discussed.
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14C dates Achill Achill Island agricultural animals arable archaeological assemblage aurochs Ballinphuill Bog beef Birr Castle booley booley house booley settlements booley sites BPH2 breed Bronze Age byre byre-dwellings cal BC cattle bones civil parish coastal Connemara context Cork County cows crops dairy Danachair 1964 Dexter Doheny Donegal Dooagh drover dwelling early Irish early Neolithic evidence excavations farmers Feehan fertiliser Gailey grass grassland Grassland Society grazing Hambledon Hill herds humerus Iorras Aithneach Irish Irish farming Island Kerry land landscape law-texts Linehan livestock Lough mainly male manure Mayo McAdam meadow Meath Mesolithic milk Molloy National Roads Authority Neolithic Newgrange nineteenth century Northern Ireland Ó Danachair O’Connell O’Sullivan pasture peat perennial ryegrass period pollen practice production Queen’s University Queen’s University Belfast recorded reference rural sample sheep slaughtering Slievemore soils species subzone survey swards townland transhumance twentieth century Ulster vegetation village woodland Woodman