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Might have ensued, nor only Paradise
790 In this commotion, but the starry cope Of Heaven perhaps, or all the elements At least had gone to wrack, disturbed and torn With violence of this conflict, had not soon The Eternal, to prevent such horrid fray, Hung forth in, Heaven his golden scales, yet seen Betwixt Astreal and the Scorpion sign, Wherein all things created first he weighed, The pendulous round earth with balanced air In counterpoise, now ponders all events, Battles and realms : In these he put two weights, The sequel each of parting and of fight : The latter quick up flew, and kicked the beam; Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the Fiend:
GABRIEL. “ Satan, I know thy strength, and thou know'st mine : Neither our own, but given : For proof look up, And read thy lot in yon celestial sign; Where thou art weighed, and shown how light, how weak, If thou resist.”—The Fiend looked up, and knew His mounted scale aloft : Nor more ; but fled Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night.
EXAMINATION ON BOOK IV. 1. What various passions does Milton represent as agitating Satan in his DRAMATIC POETRY.
address to the sun ? 2. Give an example of hyperbole in this book, and explain the figure. 3. What descriptions remarkable for their beauty are found in the fourth
book? 4. What is meant by Sabæan ? 5. What is the general character of the poetry in this book ? 6. Who built Seleucia ? and where was it formerly situated ? 7. Where is Eden supposed to have been situated? 8. Give some examples of forcible epithets from this book. 9. In what sense are the words “irriguous,” “hyacinthine,” “ amiable,”
“prone,” and “grisly,” used ? 10. Explain the classical allusions to Pan, the Hours, and the Graces. 11. Which is the most forcibly drawn character in the poem ? 12. Explain the allusion to the Gordian knot, line 292. 13. Who was Astrea ? 14. Quote some the most striking passages in this book. 15. Extract a comparison from the fourth book. 16. What is signified by Epic poetry?
1 A mythological personage, daugh- the golden age, but afterwards was ter of Zeus (Jupiter) and Themis placed among the constellations of (Justice). She lived on earth during the Zodiac under the name of Virgo. 1 Quickly, nimbly.
ALONSO, King of Naples.
Other Spirits attending on Prospero.
SCENE I. - On a Ship at Sea.--A Storm, with
Thunder and Lightning.
Enter a Shipmaster and a Boatswain.
Mast. Good: speak to the mariners: fall to't yarely!, or we run ourselves aground : bestir, bestir.
[Exit. Enter Mariners. Boats. Heigh, my hearts; cheerly, cheerly, my hearts ; yare, yare: take in the topsail : tend to the master's whistle. Enter ALONSO, SEBASTIAN, ANTONIO, FERDINAND,
GONZALO, and others.
Boats. I pray now, keep below.
Boats. Do you not hear him ? You mar our labour ; keep your
do assist the storm. Gon. Nay, good, be patient.
Boats. When the sea is. Hence! What care these roarers for the name of king? To cabin : silence ; trouble us not.
Gon. Good; yet remember whom thou hast aboard.
Boats. None that I more love than myself. You are a counsellor ; if you can command these elements to silence, and work the peace of the present', we will not hand a rope more; use your authority. If you cannot,
Out of our way, I say.
[Exit. Gon. I have great comfort from this fellow : methinks he hath no drowning mark upon him; his complexion is perfect gallows. If he be not born to be hanged, our miserable.
Re-enter Boatswain. Boats. Down with the topmast: yare ; lower, lower ; bring her to try with main-course. [A cry within.] A plague upon this howling!
Enter Mariners, wet.
[Exeunt. Boats. What, must our mouths be cold ?
Gon. The king and prince at prayers ! let us assist them, For our case is as theirs.
Seb. I am out of patience. Ant. We are merely? cheated of our lives by drunkards.This wide-chapped rascal; Would thou might'st lie drowning, The washing of ten tides !
1 Make the storm cease at the pre- % Positively. sent (moment).
He'll be hanged yet ;
[A confused noise within.] Mercy on us! We split, we split!-- Farewell, my wife and children! Farewell brother! We split, we split, we split! Ant. Let us all sink with the king.
Exit. Seb. Let us take leave of him.
† Exit. Gon. Now would I give a thousand furlongs of sea for an acre of barren ground; long heath, brown furze, anything : The wills above be done! but I would fain die a dry death.
SCENE II.- The Island: before the Cell of Prospero.
Enter PROSPERO and MIRANDA.
Miran. If, by your art, my dearest father, you have
Be collected ;
O, woe the day!
i To swallow him up.
3 Making the freight.
More to know
[Lays down his Mantle. Lie there my art. — Wipe thou thine
You have often
The hour's now come;
Certainly, sir, I can.
'Tis far off ;
Pros. Thou hadst, and more, Miranda : But how is it
But that I do not.
1 Not three years completed.