Medieval Cathedrals

Front Cover
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - Architecture - 272 pages

An introduction to the medieval cathedral, those churches that are regarded as the greatest achievements of medieval architecture. Details their social history, who built them, how they were built, and why. Forty photos and maps help to guide the reader through a narrated tour of these awe-inspiring churches.

When we think of cathedrals, we usually envision the great Gothic Buildings of 12th- and 13th-century Europe. But other than being a large church, a cathedral is neither a specific building type nor specifically medieval. What a makes a large church a cathedral is the presence of a single item of furniture: the chair (in Latin: cathedra) or throne that is the symbol of the ecclesiastical and spiritual authority of a bishop. This book is an introduction to the medieval cathedral, those churches that are usually regarded as among the greatest achievements of medieval architecture.

While cathedrals were often the most prominent urban structure in many European cities, their construction was never a civic responsibility, but remained the responsibility of the clergy in charge of the day to day activities and services. Beginning with an overview of the social history of cathedrals, Clark examines such topics as patrons, builders and artists, and planning and construction; and provides an in-depth examination of the French Cathedral at Reims--a seminal building with significant technological advances, important sculptural programs, a surviving bishop's palace, and other structures. The volume concludes with a series of illustrations, a selection of original texts, and a selected bibliography for further study. A full index is also provided.

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Contents

Illustrations
xiii
ILLUSTRATIONS
xvi
Chronology
xxvii
Rome Old St Peters eastwest axis reversed and Durham
l
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Four Cross Sections and Elevations
li
Excavations Showing Earlier Churches Fourth to Eleventh Centuries under and around the Cathedrals of Geneva and Rouen
lii
The History of Cathedrals
1
Patrons Builders and Artists
17
Toledo Cathedral of Nuestra Senora
141
Cologne Cathedral of St Peter and NotreDame
142
Strasbourg Cathedral of NotreDame
143
Exeter Cathedral of St Peter
144
Prague Cathedral of Sts Vitus Wenceslas and Adalbert
145
Girona Cathedral of Nuestra Senora
146
Palma de Majorca Cathedral of Sta Maria
147
Antwerp Cathedral of Onze Lieve Vrouw
148

Planning and Construction Early Medieval
41
Planning and Construction in the Gothic Era
61
The Cathedral of France
85
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Exterior of East End
95
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Interior of Choir
97
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Interior of Nave
101
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame West Facade
110
Epilogue
115
Pisa Cathedral of Santa Maria
120
Modena Cathedral of St Geminianus
121
Angouleme Cathedral of St Pierre
122
Ely Cathedral of Sts Etheldreda and Peter
123
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
124
Speyer Cathedral of Sts Mary and Stephan
125
Durham Cathedral of St Cuthbert
126
Autun Cathedral of St Lazare
127
Autun Cathedral of St Lazare
128
Chartres Cathedral of NotreDame
129
Senlis Cathedral of NotreDame
131
Paris Cathedral of NotreDame
133
Laon Cathedral of NotreDame
134
Monreale Cathedral of Sta Maria Nuova
135
Canterbury Christchurch Cathedral
136
Bourges Cathedral of St Etienne
137
Naumburg Cathedral of Sts Peter and Paul
138
Amiens Cathedral of NotreDame
139
Salisbury Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
140
Milan Cathedral of Sta Maria Maggiore
149
Salamanca New Cathedral
150
Primary Documents
151
The Baptism of Clovis 591
158
Benedict Biscops Imports from Rome
166
The Coronation of Pepin and His Sons 75154
172
Hincmar Refuses to Swear Loyalty to Louis the German 858
175
On the Election of Bishops 9th c
176
Pope Leo VIII Grants the Emperor the Right to Choose the Pope and to Invest Bishops 963
178
Otto I Grants a Market to the Archbishop of Hamburg 965
179
Two Accounts of the Revolt against and the Expulsion of the Archbishop of Cologne 1074
184
Mutual Assistance of the Bishop of Liege and the Count of Hainaut 1076
186
Five Documents about the Investiture Conflict 1076
187
Trial of William of SaintCalais Bishop of Durham before William II 1088
192
The Bishop of Hamburg Gives a Charter to His Dutch Merchants 1106
193
Guibert de Nogent Recounts the Misdeeds of the Bishops of Laon 1115
194
The End of the Investiture Conflict 1122
205
The Call for the Election of an Emperor I 125
207
Henry I of England and the Bishops Peace 1135
208
Hugh dAmiens Archbishop of Rouen on
217
Gervase on the Rebuilding of Canterbury
223
The Bishop of the Artois and the Count
230
The Annals of St Nicaise on the Civic Uprisings
236
Glossary
251
Index
267
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 239 - The cement, without which there can be no stability of the walls, is made of lime, sand, and water. The lime is fervent charity, which joineth to itself the sand, that is, undertakings for the temporal welfare of our brethren: because true charity taketh care of the widow and the aged, and the infant, and the infirm: and they who have it study to work with their hands, that they may possess wherewith to benefit them.
Page 225 - This must be known, however, that the new work is higher than the old by so much as the upper windows of the body of the choir, as well as of its aisles, are raised above the marble tabling. And as in future ages it may be doubtful why the breadth which was given to the choir next the tower should be so much contracted at the head of the church, it may not be useless to explain the causes thereof. One reason is, that the two towers of St. Anselm and of St. Andrew, placed in the circuit on each side...
Page 222 - ... converge to it from every side. With these works the second year was occupied. In the third year he placed two pillars on each side, the two extreme ones of which he decorated with marble columns placed around them, and because at that place the choir and crosses were to meet, he constituted these principal pillars.
Page 187 - I bind him thus as commissioned by thee, that the nations may know and be convinced that thou art Peter and that upon thy rock the son of the living God has built his Church and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Page 220 - ... weather. The people were astonished that the Almighty should suffer such things, and maddened with excess of grief and perplexity, they tore their hair and beat the walls and pavement of the church with their heads and hands...
Page 238 - Offices are celebrated: the other, a spiritual fabric, which is the Collection of the Faithful. The church, that is the people forming it, is assembled by its ministers, and collected together into one place by "Him who maketh men to be of one mind in a house

About the author (2006)

William W. Clark is Professor of Art History at Queens College. He is the author of Medieval Architecture, Medieval Learning: Builders and Masters in the Age of Romanesque and Gothic, among other titles.

Bibliographic information