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PANDEMONIUM. Having lately visited the Panorama in Leicester-square, to witness the terrible creations of Milton, embodied on the canvass, we were equally struck with astonishment and disappointment ;with wonder to behold the colossal powers of the artistwith regret to perceive that “the force of nature could no further go." The pencil will, in some instances, give effect where the effusions of poetic fancy are languid and unimpressive; wbilst, in many others, the painter's resources are insufficient adequately to portray the lofty imaginings, the sublime imagery, of immortal verse. The latter part of this remark is fully illustrated, by the present attempt to transfer to the canvass the Pandæmonium of Milton. The artist has done all that could be done: the infernal city coincides in its vast dimensions with the ambition of him, “who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms," but the terrible character which revelation gives this dark

Interesting Discoveries.-- In the month of December 1827, a planter discovered, in a field at a short distance from Monte Video, a sort of tomb-stone, upon which, strange, and to him unknown, signs were engraven. He caused this stone, which covered a small excavation formed with masonry, to be raised, in which be found two exceedingly ancient swords, a helmet, and shield, which had suffered much from rust, and earthen amphora, of large capacity. The planter caused these objects, together with the tombstone, to be removed to Monte Video, where, in spite of the ravages of time, and the little care taken of the stone, fragments of Greek words could be easily made out, read, and supplied, which, when translated, are to the following purpose :" During the dominion of Alexander, the son of Philip, King of Macedon, in the 63d Olympiad, Ptolemaios"-It was impossible to decipher the rest. On the handle of one of the swords was the portrait of a man, supposed to be Alexander; on the helmet there is sculptured work that must have been executed by the most exquisite skill, representing Achilles dragging the corpse of Hector round the walls of Troy (like the Fabula Hiaca, the bas-relief of stucco found in the ruins of the Via Appia at Fratocchio, belonging to the Princes of Colonna, which describes all the principal scenes in the Iliad and Odyssey.) It is quite clear, from the discovery of this kind of monumental altar, that a contemporary of Aristotle has dug up the soil of Brazil and La Plata. It is conjectured that this Ptolemaios was the Commander of Alexander's tleet; which is supposed to have been overtaken by a storm in the great ocean, as the ancients called it, and driven on the coast of Brazil, where it erected the above-mentioned monument, to preserve the memory of the voyage to so distant a country. At all events, this discovery fur. Dishes a fact deserving the attention of antiquarians.From the Journal des Voyages et Archives Geographiques.

Sympathy.-The following remarkable anecdote is extracted from An Essay on the Science of Acting : In the town of North Walsham, Norfolk, in 1788, the Fair Penitent was performed. In the last act, where Calista lays her hand on the skull, a Mrs. Barry, who Calistes played the part, was seized with an involuntary shuddering, and fell on the stage; during the night her illness continued, but the following day, when suffi. ciently recovered to converse, she sent for the stagekeeper, and anxiously inquired whence he procured the skull; he replied, “From the sexton, who informed him it was the skull of one Norris, a player, who, twelve years before, was buried in the churchyard." That same Norris was her first husband : she never recovered the shock, and died in six weeks.

Ercuses for not Attending Public Worship.Overslept myself and could not dress in time. Too cold-too hot-too windy-too dusty. Too wet-too damp-too sunny-too cloudy. Don't feel disposed--no other time to myself, Look over my drawers-put my clothes to rights. Letters to write to my friends, I mean to walk a mile for air and exercise. Can't breathe in a Church-always so full. Feel a little feverish-a little chilly--feel lazy. Expect company-friends to dine with me. Hurt my foot-got a great head-ache. Caught cold last night, pain in my side. Must watch the servants-can't leave them. Servants up to every mischief when I go to Church. Intend nursing myself to-day-my bonnet not come

home, Chain of my retecule lost. Tore my dress coming down stairs. Got a new novel-must be returned on Monday

morning. Don't like the Liturgy-always praying for the same

thing. Don't like extempore prayer--don't know what is

coming. Don't like an organ-it's too noisy. Don't like singing without music-makes me nervous. Can't sit in a draft of air. Windows or doors open-always get ill. Can't bear an extempore sermon-too prosing. Stove too hot-gives me a head-ache. Can't always listen to the same preacher. Don't like strangers, or charity sermons, Can't keep awake at Church-snored last time I was

there-sha'nt risk it again. Tired to death, standing to pray. Hate to kneel-makes my knees stiff. Mean to inquire of some sensible person about the

propriety of going to so public a place as a Church,

Curious Statistics.-A French doctor, Falret, has recently received a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for a statistical table of suicides, &c. in the French capital. The doctor states, that among men the greatest Dumber of suicides is between the ages of 35 and 45; and among women, between 25 and 35; but that there are twice as many suicides among young girls under 15 years of age as among boys of

the gathering of the countless legions at the command of their leader, is most wonderfully represented. But in order to give a proper idea of magnitude to the buildings, the artist has been obliged to introduce his figures on a scale which borders on insignificance. Satan, when after much search you have discovered him, appears to retain some of his “ original brightness" and to be hardly “less than archangel ruined;" but he is too distant and indistinct to excite the interest which ought to attach to the leading figure.

efore, waber firstbsix weeks

GLEANINGS.

Polar Red Snow.–According to the chemical exami. pation of the red snow brought from the north by Captain Franklin, MM. Macaire, Princep, and Marcet are inclined to think it may be of animal production, and not vegetable; i. e. to consist of animals or animalcules. The analogy of this substance to a red matter, taken from the Lake of Morat, was one amongst other reasons for this opinion ; and also the circumstance that gelatine (containing azote) has not as yet been found in the vegetable creation, whereas it is in this red snow. - Bib. Universelle, xxxix. 290.

Prosecutions. The total of the sums paid to prosecutors and witnesses, last year, out of the Middlesex County Rate, amounted to the enormous sum of 97181. 68. 2d. ; being, probably, much more than the value of all the property the persons were prosecuted for stealing.

Singular Instance of Sagacity in a Cat.-An elderly lady, who frequently amused herself by placing ears of corn on a parapet wall near her bed-room window, for the birds to feed upon, had a favourite cat, which not only watched this action of her mistress, but profited by it, by sometimes lying in ambush in a neighbouring gutter, and pouncing upon the feathered prey while they were engaged with the corn. The lady died, leaving a quantity of corp in her room, which enabled puss to employ herself for several weeks, in carrying out an ear every morning, and placing it upon the wall, while she concealed herself in the old situation, and hourly thinned the family of sparrows, which conld not resist the fatal delicacy thus offered to their view.

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which isetroleum reye, hand produseres,

resides a man wearing, in fair or feast," as

which of the mentary retu: are found a brity of Lola

the same age. He calculates, that the influence of British Oil, which is extensively used as a medicine, disappointed love, and of jealousy, is in the propor- | is manufactured of petroleum. We have seen a spe tion of 2) among women to 1 in men; that reverses cimen of this oil-it ignites freely, and produces a of fortune produce as 3 in men to 1 in women; and flame as brilliant as gas light. Our informant states, that the influence of baffled ambition is as 5 to 1. that, in the same neighbourhood in which this im Actual misery, however, is stated to have an equal mense fountain of petroleum has been discovered, effect on both sexes. Alluding to the number of deaths Dr. John Croghan has succeeded, by boring, in obby apoplexy, the doctor estimates that they were in taining an abundant supply of salt water, at a depth Paris, from 1794 to 1804, 399; from 1804 to 1814, 979; of more than two hundred feet, which now rises about from 1814 to 1824, 919. There are nearly three times twenty-five feet above the ordinary level of Cumbermore apoplexies among men than women.

land river. The works, we are assured, will prove Curing the King's Evil.- About five miles from Stur

highly useful to the surrounding country, and prominster Newton, and near the village of Hazlebury,

fitable to the enterprising proprietor.-Louisville Adresides a man named Buckland, who has attained a

vertiser reputation for curing, in a miraculous manner, the

Large Paper.-Much has been recently said about king's evil, at his yearly fair or feast," as it is termed. the immense sheets of printed paper produced by cer. Exactly twenty-four hours before the new moon, in

tain Newspaper establishments; but it ought to be the month of May, every year, whether it happen by

knows, that the difficulty does not consist in many. night or by day, the afflicted persons assemble at the facturing paper of almost any size, but in having doctor's residence, where they are supplied by him

printing presses of the requisite magnitude. At White with the hind legs of a toad! enclosed in a small bag,

Hall Mill, in Derbyshire, a sheet of paper was lately (accompanied with some verbal charm or incantation)

manufactured which measured 13,300 feet in length, and also a lotion and salve of the doctor's preparation.

four feet in width, and would cover an acre and a The bag containing the legs of the reptile is worn sus.

half of ground! pended from the Deck of the patient, and the lotion Rare Invention.-The gold Vulcan medal of the and salve applied in the usual manner, until the cure Society of Arts has been presented to Mr. G. Gibson, is completed, or until the next year's "fair.The

of Birmingham, who, being blind himself, has innumber of conveyances laden with the afflicted, which

vented a set of types, whereby he can write down his passed through Sturminster on the 2d of May, 1829,

thoughts, perform arithmetical operations, and com. bore ample testimony to the number of the doctor's ap municate the results of them not only to those who plicants; and the appearance of many of them showed can see, but to persons labouring under the same prithat they moved in a respectable sphere of life. vation with himself. Coloured Flame of Spirits of Wine.-The professor

Comparative Salubrity of different Counties. --The folVogel, in a memoir read to the Assembly of Natu lowing observations, relating to the salubrity of difralists at Munich, in 1827, gave the following rules ferent districts in England, are founded on extracts for colouring the flame of spirits of wine, either yel from the Parliamentary returns, laid before the Comlow, red, or green, A yellow flame is produced by mittee of the house of commons. The counties in setting fire to the spirits over salt, of which the bases which the mortality was above the average, weremay be either ammoniac or soda, manganese, iron, Middlesex, where it was 1 in 36; Kent, where it was mercury. platina, gold, nickel, cobalt, or bismuth. | 1 in 41; Warwickshire, where it was l in 42: Cam. A red flame is obtained by making use of salts, the bridgeshire, where it was 1 in 44; Essex, where it base of which is either lime, or strontian, or lithine, was also 1 in 44; Surrey, where it was 1 in 45; the or magnesia. If the spirits be burnt over salts of East Riding of Yorkshire, where it was 1 in 47 ; Lan. copper, uranium, or alumine, a green flame is obtained.

cashire, where it was 1 in 48. With regard to LancaAll the salts made use of should be soluble in alcohol, shire, where the mortality is somewhat above the A green flame is also to be procured by dissolving in

average, the number of large towns and extensive the alcohol boracic acid, or weak hydrochloric ether.

manufactories affording a greater proportion of arti. It follows, from the 'experiments of M. Vogel, that sans to rural inhabitants than in any other county, the oxide of copper is reduced, by burning alcohol, to except those in which the metropolis is situated, is protoxide and metallic copper, and that the green certainly the cause of this ; for the air is very saluAlame itself contains copper.

brious, and the greater quantity and cheapness of fuel Rearing of Apple Trees.-A horticulturist in Bohe is extremely friendly to life, health, and comfort. It mia has a beautiful plantation of the best sort of apple is, probably, owing to this advantage that the inhatrees, which have neither sprung from seeds nor from

bitants of this county, particularly the females, have grafting. His plan is to take shoots from choice sorts, become noted for their well-formed persons and insert each of them into a potato, and plunge both comely countenances, forming a contrast with those into the ground, leaving but an inch or two of the of Buckinghamshire, where the fuel was extremely shoot above the surface. The potato nourishes the scanty and high-priced before the late extension of the shoot whilst it is pushing out roots, and the shoot

inland navigation, so that the labouring classes sufgradually springs up, and becomes a healthy tree,

fered peculiar hardships from this privation, and are bearing the best of fruit, without requiring to be

of a stature so inferior, that the militia-men are, by grafted.

act of parliament, admissible at a lower standard than Manifold Properties of the Elder Tree.-The elder

in the rest of England. The report of Manchester, tree, says Miss Kent, in an article in the Magazine of

which is the second town in England in point of

population, forms an exception to the rest of Lanca. Natural History, does as much good by its noxious as

shire, for the mortality there on the average of the by its agreeable qualities. If corn or other vegetables

last ten years was 1 in 58; and in 1811, 1 in 74; but be smartly whipped with the branches, they will com

that of Liverpool was 1 in 34 on the average of ten municate a sufficient portion of their scent to keep off

years, and 1 in 30 in 1811. In the former town we the insects by which so many plants are frequently

have another pleasing picture of the progressive imblighted. An infusion of the leaves, poured over

provement of health ; for it is stated by the late Dr. plants, will preserve them from caterpillars also. The

Percival, that in 1757 the annual mortality of Manwine made from the berries is well known; but, perhaps, it may not be so generally known that the buds

chester was 1 in 25-7; and in 1770, 1 in 28, although make an excellent pickle. A water distilled from the

at the former period the population was not quite one

fourth, and at a later period not one-half, the present flowers rivals buttermilk itself as a rural cosmetic. Io some remote country-places it supplies the place

amount. This improvement of health is clearly im

putable to certain regulations of police, particularly both of the surgeon and the druggist ; it furnishes

with respect to ventilation, recommended and introointments, infusions, and decoctions, for all ailments, cuts, or bruises. Every part of it serves some useful

duced by the above enlightened and active physician. purpose; the wood, pith, bark, leaves, buds, flowers,

Watchmen.-The appearance of the watchmen in and fruit. Its parcotic scent makes it unwholesome

Stockholm is most grotesque. Their dress consists to sleep under its shade.

entirely of the skins of animals, and they walk con

stantly in pairs, carrying in their hands a curious inOil Spring-We have just conversed with a gentle

strument for seizing culprits who may endeavour to man from Cumberland county, (United States,) who

escape from them. It is so contrived as to shut fast informs us that, in boring through a rock for salt

about the neck, being applied below the back part of water, a fountain of petroleum, or volatile oil, was

the head, and it becomes tighter the more the person struck at the depth of one hundred and thirty feet,

caught struggles to get free. When the augur was withdrawn the oil rushed up twelve or fourteen feet above the surface of the earth,

Light.-A Patent has been taken out for a new mode and it was believed that about seventy-five gallons

of producing Instantaneous Light without the aid of a were discharged per minute, forming quite a bold

bottle or any apparatus ; it consists simply of a piece stream from the place to the Cumberland river, into

of paper twisted spirally, the thickest end of which, which it discharged itself. The fountain or stream

on being compressed with the bottom of any hard was struck four or five days previous to the departure

substance, will produce brilliant and instant flame, of our informant, at which time the quantity of petro

which will continue to burn about two minutes, sufleum discharged bad not perceptibly diminished.

ficient time to seal a letter without the use of a Falling into the Cumberland river, the volatile oil

candle. covered a considerable portion of the surface of the Taxes.-It has been lately decided, that a furnished stream for many miles below. If ignited, it would house, unless inhabited, is not liable to the payment present a magnificent, if not an appalling, spectacle. I of assessed taxes.

provement, that in 35.7and ination was lt, the presim959

bees wanted the Dites of Heavenbus serpents....

quantity Tors. It is last pretended upon

preder the names last being thour late so

Literary Notices.

960 .... .. ... ... ............. ....... ............... .....

N

u ners........ . Sting of Bees.-Aqua ammoniæ is stated to counter Familiar Letters on a variety of seasonable and act the effects of the bites of insects and the stings of important subjects, by the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, bees, wasps, &c.; and to have been applied with suc. | A.M. with Introductory Essay, by Rev.D. Young. cess even to the bites of venomous serpents.

The Living Temple, or a Good Man the Temple Transportation. According to the Morning Herald. Tot God, by the Rev. John Flowe, A.M. Introductory

Essay, by Dr. Chalmers. there are 619 persons confined in Millbank Peniten

Cuma, the Warrior Bard of Erin, and other poems, tiary, who cost the country annually 711. each. The

by John Richard Best, esq. sending a convict to Van Diemen's Land costs 801., while merchant vessels take out passengers at 301.

Anti-Slavery Reporter for Sept. No. 52.

Scripture Questions on the principal discourses each.

and Parables of the Lord Jesus Christ, by the Rev. Aged Horse.- A horse of 103 years of age is shewn

Albert Judson of America, at Berlin. It belongs to a Polish merchant. This

Some Account of the Life of Reginald Heber, D.D. remarkable animal has been always fed upon sugar Bishop of Calcutta, with a portrait. since it was seventy years old.-Furet de Londres.

A Treatise on the Internal Regulations of Friendly Substitute for Coffee.-Sir H. Willock, Charge d'Af Societies, &c. by James Wright. fairs at Persia, states that a root, well known in Eng.

In the Press. land under the name of endive or succory, is roasted, and reduced to powder by the inhabitants of Moscow

Captain Elliot's Jllustrations of India, Canton, and and the greater part of Russia, as a substitute for tea

the Red Sea. or coffee; that he has derived much benefit from its

In one vol. 8vo, the Peculiar Doctrines of the use as a beverage, and that he provided a considerable

Church of Rome, as contained exclusively in her quantity to take with him to Persia.

own Conciliar Decrees and Pontifical Bulls, exa. Pretenders.-It is a circumstance not generally

mined and disproved, by the Rev. H.C.O'Donnoghne, known, that the three last pretenders of the dethroned

A.M. of St. John's College, Cambridge; and domestic family of the Stuarts, have recorded upon their tombs

chaplain to the right hon. the Earl of Dupraven.

The Rev. Ingram Cobbin's Cottage Commentator in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter at Rome, their

will in future be published in volumes instead of pretended titles of Kings of Great Britain and Ireland,

numbers. Those who have the first number of the under the names of Charles III., James_III., and

second volume, will be accommodated with the reHenry IX., the last being the Cardinal York, who lived and died a pensioner of our late sovereign,

maining matter when vol. 2 appears, which will be

early in 1830. Laurel.-- The butchers of Geneva have a singular A Manual of the Economy of the Human Body, mode of preventing flies from attacking the meat in | in Health and Disease. Comprehending a concise their shops. They rub the walls and boards upon view of the Structure of the Human Frame, its most which the meat is placed with the essential oil of prevalent Diseases, and ample Directions for the laurel; the smell of which keeps away this trouble regulation of Diet ; with the Regimen and Treatment sorge insect.

of Children and the Aged. Butter.-The Belfast Mercantile Advertiser states the The second part of Mr. Granville's Imperial School following mode of curing butter, as now adopted by Grammar, is expected to appear some time in October. some of the dairies in that neighbourhood, and adds

Preparing for Publication. that butter so cured generally sells in Liverpool for

Ivo 1d. per Ib. above that cured in the usual way :-One

The copyright of S. Drew's "Original Essay on the ounce refined sugar, one ounce fine common salt, and

Immateriality and Immortality of the Soul," being one ounce saltpetre, to every eight ponnds of butter :

about to return to the author, a new edition of that work or about half a pound of each article to a firkin of

may be shortly expected, containing his latest revi. 61 or 68lbs. of butter.

sions and emendations,

The Literary Souvenir" of the present year is exPictures of Father and Som.-An old woman, who

pected to be the most brilliant number of the work shewed the house and pictures at Towcester, ex

which has yet been produced. It contains twelve pressed herself in these remarkable words :-" That is

exquisitely finished line engravings, from pictures by Sir Robert Farmer; he lived in the country, took

Sir Thomas Lawrence, Leslie, Harlowe, Collins, care of this estate, built this house, and paid for it;

H. Howard, Chalon, Allston, F. P. Stephanoff, Mar managed well, saved money, and died rich. That is

tin, R. Westall, Uwins, and Phalippon. The Literary his Son; he was made a Lord, took a place at Court,

Contents of the volume have received a considerable spent his estate, and died a beggar."

accession of strength; and include contributions

from a variety of distinguished pens, not hitherto Literary Notices.

We understand “The Amulet" for the coming Just Published.

year, is nearly complete ; and that Mr. Hall has been

very successful in obtaining the co-operation of many No. VI. of National Portrait Gallery, containing of the most distinguished writers of the age, Among striking Likenesses of Bishop Heber, Lord Grantham, its illustrations, will be an engraving, from the King's and the Duke of Beaufort.

picture, of an English cottage, by Mulready, another No. II. of Devonshire and Cornwall Illustrated, with from Wilkie's painting of the Dorty Bairn, another four beautiful engravings, and descriptive matter. from a drawing by Martiu, from the burin of Le

Christian Counsel; ora manual of one hundred Keux, for which, it is stated, the engraver received
Practical Contemplations, tending to promote gospel the unprecedented sum of 180 guineas; and another
principles and a good conversation in Christ, by an by Pickersgill, for which 145 guineas were paid.
Old Divine.

"The Juvenile Forget-me-Not" is announced for The fifth edition of the Cabinet Lawyer; including publication in November, under the superintendence the statutes of the 10th Geo. IV. and legal Decisions to of Mrs. S. C. Hall. It is, we understand, to contain the close of the Summer Assizes.

twelve engravings of a very interesting character to The Christian's Manual ; or, the Desire of the Soul the little folk, for whom it is intended-as a Christturned to God : containing extracts from the writ mas Present, or New Year's Gift, ingg of the Rev. William Law, M.A.on the following A Topographical and Historical Account of Wainimportant Subjects, in three parts :--1. A Practical fleet and the Wapentake of Candleshoe, in the County Treatise on Christian Perfection.-2. The Spirit of of Lincolo, including Biography of Bishop WaysPrayer.-3. On the Lord's Supper.

fltee, Rev. Thomas Grantham, Rev. Thomas Scot, Ten Introductory Lectures delivered at the opening Henry Stubbe, &c. With numerous engravings on of the University of London, session 1828-9. 1 vol. 8vo. copper and wood, by Edmund Oldfield.

By E. Palmer, the fourth vol. of Russell's Works of | Dr. Arnott's Elements of Physics, or Natural Phi. the English and Scottish Reformers.

losophy, will be completed by the publication of the The Mercantile Teacher's Assistant, &c. compris second volume, which will appear early in October. ing three sets of books, by J. Morrison, accountant. Early in October will be published, in foolscap 8vo.

The Deluge, and other poems, by Mary Hill. “The Mother and her Daughters.".

The Picture of Australia, exhibiting New Holland, The Heraldry of Crests, containing upwards of Van Diemen's Land, Swan River, &c.

3500 different crests. Select Letters of the late Rev. W. Romaine, M.A. The publication of the First Number of the Edin.. Man's Enmity to God, and Merey for the Chief of burgh Journal of Natural and Geographical Science, Sinners, by the late Stephen Charnock, B.D.

is postponed till the 1st of October. Dialogues on Prophecy, vol. III.

On January 1, 1830, will be published, in two vols. Forty-five Lectures on our Lord's Sermon on the Historical Memoirs of the Church and Court of Mount, by J, E. Good, Salisbury.

Rome, from the establishment of Christianity, under Discourses on Various Subjects relative to the Constantine, to the present time. Being and Attributes of God and his Works, &c. by The third'No. of the Enigmatical Entertainer and Adam Clarke, LL.D. F.A.S. &c, vol. II,

Mathematical Associate, being the No. for 1830, will The Principle of Vital Godliness, by D. Taylor. be published on the 1st of October.

Intents of of strens distinkass. et" for thi has beet

Laged in works of distinguishaclude commisiderable

LONDON: PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

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*ISHER SO

& COLONDON. 1899

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