Page images
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Of all that is valuable in the life of on the following Collect. «O Lord, our Archbishop Cranmer, written by Fox, by heavenly Father, Almighty and everlasting Strype, and by Gilpin, Mr. Sargent has God, who hast safely brought us to the be availed himself, without following the tedi ginning of this day; defend us in the ous prolixity of the two former, or ren same with thy mighty power; and grant dering his work uninteresting by the stoic that this day, we fall into no sin, neither run indifference of the latter. It is enlivened into any kind of danger ; but that all our by the numerous incidents belonging to doings may be ordered by thy governance, state affairs, with which it is interspersed; to do always that is righteous in thy sight, and the period of commotion through which through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.” we are carried, keeps attention always on This Collect, which the author has very the alert.

appropriately denominated “The Traveller's The occasional remarks which the author Prayer,” he divides into six parts, namely, has associated with the facts he has stated, a solemn address to the Deity, an acknoware spirited and appropriate, and combine ledgment of his care and providence, a to enhance the value of what he has writ petition to be preserved from sin and acciten. The narrative itself proceeds with dents, supplication for guidance, and a remuch regularity, and the last scene is pecu liance on the Saviour of mankind. These liarly affecting. Throughout the whole varied topics are brought before us with we behold a development of character, much perspicuity, and in many instances which seems to have been drawn by an they are supported by an appeal to circumimpartial hand. Some shades may at stances obvious to all, and by numerous times be perceived; but these are so over- | facts and incidents which have fallen under powered by the luminous rays which every the author's personal observation. The where encircle them, that Cranmer's failings range which he has taken is both compreand infirmities stand eclipsed by the sur hensive and local, eliciting remarks which rounding blaze of his numerous virtues. extend to all who travel by land or by

At every period since the occurrence of water, and admitting at the same time, of his tragical death, the history of this great an individual application. In this - Travelman has awakened the most lively emo- ler's Prayer" the wisdom of him who comtions; and the complexion of the present posed the collect is amplified in a variety times confers upon it an additional interest. of ways; but the piety which it manifests, We may charitably hope that the vengeful | claims the greatest share of our admiration spirit which consigned Cranmer to the and reverence. On each of these, Dr. flames, will never again predominate in Clarke has descanted with honest simthis country; but, liberated from its former plicity, without rendering his own pages restraints, its movements should be watched offensive by fulsome adulation. A conwith vigilance. In the sunshine of tolera sciousness of our momentary dependence tion, it may be again resuscitated by the upon the Providence of God is inculcated genial warmth, and sting the hand that throughout, and in all our lawful underwas put forth to rescue it from confine- takings we are encouraged to rely on his ment. We all know that torpor is not protecting care. It is a pamphlet well death; and the slumber of three hundred worthy the attention of every traveller, and years may add new vigour to its energies, no one, we think, can examine its contents and infuse more virulence into its poison, with seriousness, without being benefited on being thus awakened into renovated by the perusal. life. The events of futurity are concealed from the scrutiny of mortals ; but prog

| Review.--Practical Discourses on Renostics will accompany the flight of time,

generation, and on the Scripture Docand it is the duty of Protestantism, to

trine of Salvation by Faith. By watch the direction which they take, with

P. Doddridge, D.D. With an Introthe utmost circumspection.

ductory Essay, by Ralph Wardlaw,

D.D. 12mo. pp. 356. Whittaker. REVIEW.-The Traveller's Prayer, a London. 1829. Discourse on the Third Collect for

The works of Dr. Doddridge stand so high in Grace, in the Morning Service of the

our estimation, that we know not one which Church of England. By Adam Clarke,

needs either apology or recommendation. LL.D. &c. Clarke. London. 1829.

These sermons have undergone many im. This pamphlet is of a very singular de pressions, and by their intrinsic excellence scription, exhibiting at once the nature and they still hold their exalted rank in public character of a sermon, and an exposition | estimation. 130.-VOL. XI.

3 P

[ocr errors]

Life of the Rev. T. CharlesThe Domestic Chaplain.

[ocr errors]

Into the important subjects mentioned in | upon Christ for salvation, which breathes the title-page, the author fully enters, and in every section. his manner of investigating them evinces We find, in looking through the pages that he is a workman who needs not be of this book, that in general Mr. Charles ashamed. They may be said to embody has been his own biographer, having kept the essence of Christianity, uniting experi a diary of passing events, and of God's mental and practical godliness by indis dealings with his soul, for many years. To soluble ties, and demonstrating that with this diary Mr. Morgan has had access, out both, no one can enter heaven, or be and the paragraphs are inserted in the qualified to enjoy its felicities. The dis- | same language, and chiefly in the same cussion of these momentous and interesting connexions, in which they were found. To topics places them before us in a variety of these he has added numerous letters, which lights, from each of which may be drawn had been written by the deceased. These, some highly valuable conclusions; and the according to their respective dates and spirit of piety which pervades the whole, occasions, are interspersed throughout the can hardly fail to communicate its influence diary, and, in conjunction with it, they to every reader.

assist in elucidating a character, of which, The Introductory Essay is both vigorous sober sense, piety, and zeal are the distinand appropriate. The mantle of Dr. Dod guishing features. dridge seems to have been caught by Dr. On Mr. Morgan has devolved the task Wardlaw, whose composition breathes the of arranging the materials thus prepared same spirit, and beats with the same ner- to his hand, and of introducing them with vous pulsations of pious animation. With a few preliminary remarks, and accommany of Dr. Wardlaw's associations, and panying them with suitable reflections and discriminating remarks, we have been much observations, which are carried to a greater delighted. He enters fully into the views or less extent, as choice dictated, or cir. of his author, and, travelling in the same cumstances required. In these respects he path, prepares the way for the reader to ap- has acquitted himself in a reputable manproach him. In this one point both authors ner, having taken care to leave no chasms concur, namely, that “except a man be in the narrative, and to suffer no event of born again, he cannot see the kingdom of moment to remain involved in obscurity. of God." Against the efficacy of water The diary of Mr. Charles contains scarcely baptism to effect spiritual regeneration, they any remarkable incident; but his letters both enter their solemn protest, and the have frequently a solemnity of expression, arguments which they deduce from the which will render them 'welcome to every authority of scripture, as well as from the pious reader, who knows how to distinnature of the change to be effected, no guish between serious rationality and molegitimate reasonings can gainsay. This nastic gloom. It is, however, within the volume now takes its stand among the sphere of his labours, and the range of his series of “Select Christian Authors," and acquaintance, that this memoir will be is every way worthy of the family into chiefly circulated. Where the individual which it is adopted.

was known and esteemed, his memory will be cherished, from being combined with

endearing associations. Beyond these conReview.- A Brief History of the Life fines, the work must force its way into and Labours of the Rev. T. Charles, public notice, by its own intrinsic merits; A.B., late of Bala, Merionethshire. By and, lamentable as the fact may appear, it the Rev. Thomas Morgan. 12mo. pp. is one which we must all acknowledge, 397. Hamilton. London. 1828.

that where unvarnished piety is the prin

cipal recommendation, its advance will be The preface to this volume has evidently | slow, and almost imperceptible. been written with the hand of friendship; but we have no right to charge it with a deviation from truth, in the general facts

REVIEW.— The Domestic Chaplain; being which it records. We can easily conceive

fifty-two short Lectures on the most that the Rev. T. Charles was a great and

Interestiny Subjects ; with appropriate good man, and that his ministry was ren

Hymns and Prayers for every Lord's dered a blessing to the people among

day in the year. By John Stanford, A.M. whom he dispensed the words of eternal

8vo. pp. 620. Bennett. London. 1828. life. This, indeed, is evinced throughout THESE lectures were originally published · all the subsequent parts, by the spirit of in America, where the author is said to be

self-abasement, and of humble reliance an eminent and popular preacher, parti

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

cularly in advocating the cause of Chris- | tianity against the attacks of infidelity.

| REVIEW.-Scripture Balances; or, a Col. His work having obtained an extensive

lection of the Promises, Precepts, and circulation in that country, a copy was

Threatenings of the Holy Scriptures, brought across the Atlantic, and, in the

systematically arranged in four parts. British metropolis, a new edition speedily

By the Rev. John Young. 12mo. issued from the press.

pp. 214. Holdsworth. London. 1829. In these lectures we find but little of a This volume consists of scripture language controversial character. A passage of scrip exclusively, and each passage is accomture is prefixed to each, which, however, I panied with the chapter and verse in the is rather a motto than a text, and, from its sacred writings, whence it has been taken. obvious import, some doctrine is eluci- In the arrangements which the author dated, some precept is enforced, or some has made, each page is divided into two practical inference is drawn. Each lec- columns; in the first he inserts the proture is followed by an appropriate hymn, mise, and in the second the threatening, and this is succeeded by a suitable prayer, thus placing before the reader in one the whole occupying about twelve or four view, from the unerring word of truth, teen pages. Proceeding thus, we have a what both the righteous and unrighteous, lecture, hymn, and prayer for each Sab the upright and the hypocrite, may expect bath throughout the year, without any spe- at the hand of God. cific appropriation of either to a particular The four parts relate more to classificaday. This selection and adjustment must tion than to any other cause of variation. be made by the reader, who, from the The first refers to temporal events, and variety before him, will be able to accom comprises such promises and threatenings modate the lecture to the events and cir as are connected with the affairs of the cumstances which rise, and float before present life. The second brings before us him on the stream of time.

things that are spiritual, in which justificaOf these lectures, the leading ideas are tion is contrasted with condemnation, adopalways suggested by the scriptures pre tion with rejection, sanctification with imfixed, on which account no want of variety | purity, and faith with unbelief. The third could be anticipated; but respecting the part passes the bounds of time, and presents prayers, some ground for apprehending to our view the ineffable glories and awful sameness might be entertained. We find, miseries of an eternal state. The fourth however, that for these apprehensions no part is devoted to the precepts enjoined just occasion exists. They are commend. | by the word of God, and to the threatenings ably diversified both in thought and expres- denounced against those who are disobesion; but we regret to add, that they par- dient. take more of mechanical phraseology than Under these four parts, taken in the of conscious susceptibility, and are better aggregate, are arranged what may be called calculated to display the language of sys one hundred and two sections, each beartematic arrangement, than to develop the ing a distinct and an appropriate title, genuine feelings of the heart. To those, suggested by the subjects that are brought however, who are accustomed to deal in into contrast; such as, “general promises hyperbole, and to whom such artificial to the pious, general threatenings to the modes of speech are familiar, this affected wicked;" “temporal support promised, humility, and black delineation of half- temporal want threatened ;" “long life prounfelt depravity, will be a recommenda mised, early death threatened.” Consonant tion. They will rally round it as a stand to these principles and examples, Mr. Y. ard, and learn from the author some new ranges through the numerous topics to modes of manufacturing exaggeration. which his sections refer, and, within a nar

But leaving these blemishes in their row compass, embodies nearly all that is native soil, and looking on the fairer side, essential for man to know in relation to his we can find much to approve, and much duty to God and his neighbour, thus exto commend. Many important truths of tracting the essence of the Bible, and applyscripture are placed before us in a per ing it to time and eternity. spicuous light, and in their elucidation A copious index will direct the reader to we find numerous things advanced, in the nearly every preceptive, promisory, experiissues of which, all are deeply interested. mental, and practical subject, on which he To such as can receive these lectures in can be desirous to know the will of God. this light, they will be found usefully in- | Hence, being directed to a given page, he structive, and it is only under these restric- will find the scriptures already arranged and tions that we can recommend them. adjusted, with life and death placed

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

in his view. In these balances he will society with various parts of the world, weigh himself, and fairly estimate how | concentrate within its range all the dismuch he is found wanting.

coveries that are made in the vegetable Not merely to private readers, but even kingdom. On this extensive corresponto ministers of the gospel, this book will dence, Mr. Frost briefly touches in his be found exceedingly serviceable. When oration, and notices the advantages which preparing their discourses for the pulpit, result from the intercourse. His observaand arming themselves with a “Thus saith tions are judicious, appropriate, and luthe Lord;" they will find here, already col- minous, without being extended to an imlected together in a focus, all that the Con- moderate length. cordance and Bible can supply. We con 2. Noon-day and Sun-set. A Sermon sider it to be an excellent work, and one on the Death of Mrs. Everett, by J. P. that will continue to live when the author Dobson, (Holdsworth, London,) is a funeral shall be unable to write any more.

discourse, chiefly addressed to young persons. It marks the uncertainty of life,

and the necessity of being always prepared Winter's Wreath for 1830.

for death. These admonitions the occaWe have been favoured with a copy of sion powerfully suggests, Mrs. Everett dying the illustrations designed to enrich the in the twenty-first year of her age. Her “ Winter's Wreath for 1830," and feel life, however, evinces that she was not unmuch pleasure in being able to speak of prepared for the solemn event, which Mr. them with the warmest approbation. They Dobson has improved with commendable are eleven in number, and include as much earnestness, and suitable ability. variety as their limits would admit. As 3. The Apocrypha of the Book of specimens of the graphic art, they deserve, Daniel, (including several books of the and will obtain, a place far beyond the Apocryphal writings,) by Luke Howard, regions of mediocrity; and if the literary F.R.S. (Longman, London,) is an attempt portion of the volume correspond with to bring into repute, as portions of the these illustrations, commendations of the Holy Scriptures, those books which have critic will not be wanted, to secure for this been excluded from the authorized version, annual a favourable reception.

and against which the Bible Society has We have not space to enumerate all lately set its face. We cannot enter into the engravings. The following are those the great question of their authenticity, in which struck our attention most forcibly. favour of which the present translator fur“Blind Howard and his Grand-children," nishes no evidence. He gives the text, in which the countenance of the girl speaks subjoins notes of elucidation, and inserts more than words can tell; “ The Man- | in the margin references to many passages doline," a fancy portrait, the character from the acknowledged scriptures, as apvery fine; “The Parting from the Bridal plicable to the same subjects. Mr. Dobof Fontenaye,” has considerable richness son thinks that they merit more respect of detail ; • View of Dordt from the than they have of late obtained, and seems Harbour," a very sweet engraving; “View to express his fears, that in time this spirit near Derwentwater Lodore," an exceed- of innovation will deprive us altogether of ingly rich subject; but the “Vale of Ar the sacred writings. His zeal is to be cady” associates so closely with classical commended, but many will probably think reminiscences, as to claim a decided pre that it has been exercised at the expense of ference.

his judgment.

4. The Nature and Duration of the

Apostacy, a Discourse delivered at PeckBRIEF SURVEY OF BOOKS.

ham, by Robert Vaughan, (Holdsworth, 1. An Oration delivered before the London,) proves, by unquestionable eviMedico - Botanical Society of London, dence, derived from comparing facts with October 28th, 1828, by John Frost, I scripture, that the papal church is in an F.R.S. &c. Director of the Society, awful state of apostacy from God. Its (Wilson, London,) is dedicated by per degeneracy appears in many respects; but mission to his majesty, in a becoming how long this apostacy is to continue, the manner. The Oration has an immediate author has by no means made apparent. bearing on the institution, and the end for On this point, his reasonings are founded which it was established, namely, to cul- on equivocal data, and his conclusions tivate botany with an eye to medicine, leave us in a state of uncertainty. This is and, in this view, to connect it with che- a slough, in which most writers on the premistry. The communications held by this phecies founder.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENCES FOR | There is one eclipse of his first satellite OCTOBER, 1829.

visible, which takes place on the 5th at The Sun enters Scorpio on the 23d at 23 minutes 5 seconds past seven in the 29 minutes past four in the afternoon. His evening, and which the expert observer declination on the 1st is 3 degrees, 11 may probably obtain a view of. Saturn minutes south, and on the 31st 14 degrees, is observed in a barren space between 8 minutes. His semi-diameter on the 1st the Crab and Lion, slowly approaching is 16 minutes, 1 second, and 1 tenth, and Regulus. He rises on the 1st at 8 minutes on the 25th, 16 minutes, 7 seconds, and 6 past one in the morning, and on the 25th tenths. The time that his semi-diameter at 46 minutes past eleven in the evening. occupies in passing the meridian on the On the evening of the 15th, the Moon is 1st is 1 minute, 4 seconds, and 1 tenth ; observed to approach the bright star in the and on the 25th, 1 minute, 5 seconds, and Bull's Eye, named Aldebaran, until 24 9 tenths : his hourly motion in space on the minutes 59 seconds past nine, when the 1st is 2 minutes, 27 seconds, and 7 tenths, Moon's limb will be in contact with the and on the 25th, 2 minutes, 29 seconds, star, which will continue hid until 3 and 8 tenths.

minutes 36 seconds past 10, when it · The Moon enters her first quarter on the emerges from behind the western limb. 5th, at 49 minutes past eleven in the evening, in the 12th degree of Capricorn : she is full on the 12th at 39 minutes past three

THE LAST OF THE RACE. in the afternoon, in the 19th degree of Died, at St. John's, Newfoundland, on Aries : on the 19th, at 30 minutes past two the 26th of June, 1829, in the twentyin the afternoon, she enters her last quarter ninth year of her age, Shawnadithit, supin the 25th degree of Cancer : her change posed to be the last of the Red Indians, takes place on the 27th at 44 minutes pastor Bæothicks. This interesting female seven in the evening, in the 3d degree of lived six years a captive among the Scorpio. She passes Venus on the 1st at English, and, when taken notice of latterly, 45 minutes past six in the morning, Jupiter exhibited extraordinarily strong natural on the 3rd at one in the afternoon, Saturn talents. She was a niece to Mary March's on the 21st at 30 minutes past seven in husband, a chief of the tribe, who was the morning, Mars on the 23d at one in killed in 1819, at the Red Indian's Lake, the morning, Mercury on the 28th at 15 in the interior, while endeavouring to minutes past one in the morning, Jupiter rescue his wife from the party of English again on the 31st at 15 minutes past four who took her, the view being to open a in the morning, and Venus again on the friendly intercourse with his tribe. This same morning at 45 minutes past nine. She tribe, the aborigines of Newfoundland, is in perigee on the 11th, and in apogee presents an anomaly in the history of man. on the 24th.

Excepting a few families of them soon The planet Mercury may probably be de- after the discovery of America, they never tected by the attentive observer in the former held intercourse with the Europeans, by part of the month, as he arrives at his greatest whom they have been ever since surroundelongation on the 5th; he is stationary on the ed, nor with the other tribes of Indians, 17th, passes the Sun at his inferior conjunc- since the introduction of fire-arms among tion on the 28th, and crosses the ecliptic in them. The Chinese have secluded themhis ascending node on the 30th. Venus selves from the interference of all other may be noticed at the commencement of nations, their motives being understood the month a little to the east of Mercury ; ) only to themselves, and the moral peculi. she is in aphelio on the 23rd, and on the arities of that people are slowly developed following day she has 9 digits illuminated to others : but in Newfoundland, nearly on her western limb, her apparent dia as far from China as the antipodes, there meter being 14 seconds. Mars may be has been a primitive nation, once claiming noticed very near, and to the west of ß | rank as a portion of the human race, who Virginis on the morning of the 1st. He have lived, flourished, and become expasses this star on the 3rd, and directs his tinct, in their own orbit. They have been course to n of this constellation, which he dislodged, and have disappeared from the passes very near to, on the 14th. His / earth in their native independence, in 1829, course then lies under the third of the Vir- in as primitive a condition as they were gin, which he passes on the 230; he is before the discovery of the New World, then noticed to recede from this star, and to and that, too, on the nearest point of approach I Virginis. Jupiter is now in a | America to England, in one of our oldest very unfavourable position for observation. I and most important colonies.

« PreviousContinue »