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REVIEW.- The Preacher's Manual : a) are included in the first volume, and the Course of Lectures on Preaching, in
remainder in the second. which Claude's Principles, &c. are illus
On glancing over the titles of these lectrated by numerous Examples. By
tures, we were ready to exclaim with RasS. T. Sturtevant. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. 480
selas, when attending a dissertation on -693. Baynes. London, 1829.
poetry, “ Enough; I am convinced no
man can be a poet.” Much, however, THESE volumes are of a very peculiar cha may be done by young ministers to preracter, intended chiefly for the use of young | pare themselves for their arduous underpreachers, who, by studying the excellent taking, towards which they will find these rules which they contain, may soon be- | volumes of considerable service, although come workmen who need not be ashamed. they may never reach the acme of perfecThe first volume having becn some time in tion which the author recommends. The our possession, was nearly forgotten; but | task, indeed, appears Herculean; but dilithe recent arrival of the second, recalling it | gence and perseverance will accomplish to recollection, led to an immediate exami wonders; and although, should a know. nation of both; the result of which we ledge and observance of all these rules be embody in this review.
made the criterion of preaching qualificaThe Preface, which occupies about tions, “This pulpit to be let” might be twenty pages, gives a general, but rather | written on many a rostrum; the youthful indistinct outline of what the lectures con mind may easily acquire principles, which, tain, acknowledges the obligations the though diversified in themselves, and someauthor is under to Mr. Simeon and cthers, what obscure in their nicer discriminations, without whose assistance his rules would will become familiar by intimacy, and have been deficient in example to illustrate neither overwhelm it with their multiplicity, their nature, variety, and comprehensive- nor perplex it wih their intricacies. Young ness, and furnishes many useful but deli- | ministers, like all other students, must not cate hints to auxiliary preachers; but in forget, that it is “by toil and art the steep other respects it exhibits nothing remark ascent we gain;" and he who is about to able either in language or sentiment. dedicate his life to the duties of the sanc
The introduction approximates more tuary, should deem nothing superfluous, nearly to the subjects of the lectures, which can store his mind with variety, assigns to the ministerial character its vast confer dignity on his station, or render him importance, and enforces with much energy respectable in the estimation of those among the necessity of suitable qualifications in all whom he may be called to minister in holy by whom it is assumed. With this view, things. the author strongly recommends mental as One danger to be apprehended from a well as spiritual improvement, in which he too rigorous adherence to these rules, when includes method and order in the choice of a knowledge of them has been acquired, is, subjects, and the manner of elucidating that it may lead their possessors “to pay them, in thought and reflection, in reading tithe of mint, and anise, and cummin, and and arrangement, and in laying before an omit the weightier matters of the law, audience, both in matter and terms, the judgment, mercy, and faith.” Should this various topics which the study had sup- unhappily, in any instance, be the case, the plied. He admits that at first the diffi- remedy will be attended with more fatal culties may appear formidable, from the consequences than the evil it was designed number and diversity of the necessary ac- | to remove. This rock, which is always on quirements; but encourages his readers the lee-shore, did not escape the notice of with an assurance, that they are not insur- | Mr. Sturtevant, and he cautions his readers mountable, and that they are more for- | against the disasters which it threatens. bidding in appearance than they will be We hope in all cases that his warning found when resolution brings then to the voice will be heard; but if his admonitest of experiment.
tions had been more pointed, energetic, The lectures in these volumes are so and decisive, more frequently presented to immediately connected together, that they the eye, and raised to a greater prominence may all be considered as so many parts of in his work, it would have derived an one common whole, which, as a system, additional value from the acquisition. may be said to embody the science of A second danger, still more to be dreaded preaching, and as making a circuit round than the preceding, is, that the time and that ample field, in which the preacher is attention necessary to the full acquirement to take his stand. The number of these of these rules, may so engross the mind, as lectures is sixty-two, of which twenty-five / to paralyze its inclination to obtain an inti
mate acquaintance with the great truths of most nearly to perfection is generally most the gospel, upon which our salvation de susceptible of a tarnish. To order, method, pends. On the side of this danger, the arrangement, and discrimination in pulpit pride of the human heart is always ready discourses, we attach no small degree of to exert its utmost influence, and, perhaps, importance. When conducted with disthe applauses of that wisdom which knowscretion, manner will frequently conceal a not God, may give a fatal colouring to the deficiency in matter; and when the latter is delusion. A minister of the gospel more abundant, the former will display it to the intimately acquainted with the Preacher's greatest advantage. In allusion to the Manual than with the Bible, would be a powerful influence of manner, it has been melancholy spectacle.
said of Queen Elizabeth, that on hearing a There can be no doubt that the system celebrated preacher, she was so charmed of instruction given in these volumes, is with his eloquence, as to desire that his excellent in its various branches, and even discourse might be printed. With this important in its subordinate character; but request the minister most readily complied, it is the preacher coming before his con and shortly afterwards presented her with a gregation, armed with a “Thus saith the copy. A courtier, anticipating conseLord," who brings with him the ark before quences, soon seized an opportunity to which Dagon falls. The skilful navigator, inquire how her majesty now liked the diswho has a long, a momentous, and a course? To this he received the following hazardous voyage to perform, will not reply, “I think it was the best sermon that remain too long in port to paint his vessel, | I ever heard; but the worst that I ever to decorate her exterior with gaudy colours, and to ornament her rigging with streamers We are not to view these lectures in the waving in the breeze. To these embellish | light of sermons; to this character they ments he will pay no more attention than make no pretensions. They contain the is barely needful to give her a decent ap frame-work, the models, and elementary pearance in company with others embarked principles; but the fabric must be raised in the same perilous enterprise ; but the by him who understands their dictates, and greater energies of his mind will be directed knows how to manage their application. to her compass, her planks, her timbers, Of exordium, and peroration, Mr. Sturteher cables, her anchors, and the stores that vant has collected many striking and beauare on board. His time will be principally tiful examples; and with the modes of divioccupied in consulting the chart on which sion, of elucidation, introduction of simihis course is traced, and in calculating upon les, use of figurative language, and variety the storms he may have to encounter, the of illustration, that he has selected and rocks against which he may be dashed, the combined, we have been particularly shoals which may arrest his progress, the pleased. It is a work which may be rendangerous shores which he may be com. dered peculiarly serviceable to all young pelled to approach, and in making all pos preachers who wish to benefit their hearers, sible preparation for unforeseen emer and to be an ornament to their sacred progencies.
fession. To the lazy, the sluggish, and the In many congregations, some few may indolent it may perhaps prove pernicious, be found, who will know how to appre by furnishing them with crutches, while ciate the mode of address, of division, of teaching the thoughtful and industrious the arrangement, and of investigation, so ably | art of walking without their aid. laid down in this Preacher's Manual, with | For his aim to inculcate the paramount out being able to name the technicalities importance of gospel truths, and a conby which they are distinguished. To the stant reliance on the assistance of the Holy great mass of hearers, however, all these Spirit, we give the author the fullest credit, refinements will plead in vain. Their | notwithstanding our regret that these essenlustre will beam where there are no organs tials are not more prominent throughout of perception; and what was intended to the lectures. His task, however, has led gratify the mind and ear, and to impart him rather to expatiate on the manner, an auxiliary power to persuasion
than on the matter of sermons; and this “ Will waste its sweetness in the desert air.” | we readily allow is of too much conse
But notwithstanding these possible evils, quence to be disregarded : for although it would be extremely unfair to argue manier is of the highest moment, we should against the excellence of any theory merely do well to remember, that if Cicero had from the abuse to which it is liable. Few delivered his sublime orations wrapped things can be placed beyond the reach of up in a blanket, he would have found a perversion, and that which approximates much greater number to laugh at his
Review.-- The Reformed Pastor.
-.................corrrrr....100,...covorom grotesque appearance, than to admire the beating in every line with strokes that profundity of his thoughts, or the elegance reach the conscience and the heart; and on of his diction.
surveying the effects produced, we are half
tempted to imagine that he had found out Review.— The Reformed Pastor. By
some new avenue through which to apRichard Baxter. Revised and Abridged
proach the soul. By his reasoning faculby the Rev. William Brown, M. D.
ties he arrests the understanding, by his With an Introductory Essay by the
thunder he alarms the conscience, by his Rev. Daniel Wilson, A. M.
| vigorous appeals he chains the passions, 12mo.
and by his pathetic addresses he wins the pp. 378. Simpkin. London. 1829.
affections. It is the production of a masAMONG the numerous works of the justly ter spirit, and ages may elapse before time celebrated Richard Baxter, there is not one will give birth to another Richard Baxter. that has been more generally read or more I The title of this work imports that it was universally admired, than his “Reformed primarily addressed to the clergy of the Pastor.” In the sanction thus derived from | day, and no one conversant with their public opinion, the Rev. Daniel Wilson, character, and the state of the church at that in his “ Introductory Essay,” happily co time, can doubt that occasions warranted incides, and we rejoice to concur with him the undertaking, and that nothing short of in the following language, which so de the unvarnished sincerity which it breathes, cidedly expresses both his sentiments and
would produce the moral revolution at our own.
which he aimed. That the language is “ It is one of the best of his invaluable sharp and pungent, all who read it must practical treatises. In the whole compass allow, but the vices which he assailed had of divinity, there is scarcely any thing become inveterate, and the neglect of duty superior to it, in close pathetic appeals to which he reprehended, admitted of no the conscience of the minister of Christ,
apology. upon the primary duties of his office. The
“When the sin is open," he observes," in the main object is, to press the necessity of his
sight of the world, it is in vain to attempt to hide bringing home the truths of the Gospel to it; and when the sin is public, the confession should every individual of his flock, by affection
also be public. If the ministers of England bad
sinned only in Latin, I would have made shift to ate catechetical instruction.”
have admonished them in Latin, or else have said · Of the original work, the volume now nothing to them. But if they will sin in English,
they must hear of it in English, Unpardoned sin under inspection is avowedly an abridge
will never let us rest or prosper, though we be at ment, in which Mr. Brown has omitted ever so much care and cost to cover it: our sin the Latin quotations, and such passages
will surely find us out, though we find not it
out.- Preface. as originated in the times when it was written, but which, by a change of manners, are Mr. Baxter informs us in his preface, at present rendered somewhat inapplicable. that this treatise was originally intended for
In doing this, however, he has taken a pulpit discourse ; but that indisposition especial care that the spirit of its immortal prevented him from delivering it. This author should not evaporate; and that it circumstance induced him to publish what might be preserved with the most scrupu he had prepared for the occasion, that those lous exactness, even in cases where it was | for whose edification it was intended might found needful to expunge quaint or obso- read that which they could not hear. In lete phrases, and antiquated terms, he has this dispensation of providence, we persedulously avoided all attempts to modern ceive the wisdom and goodness of God. ize the language. Hence, in every sen If it had been delivered from the pulpit, it tence it is still the venerable Richard Bax would probably never have issued from the ter speaking, with that nervous vigour and press, and then it would have been lost unlanguishing energy, for which all his to the world; or even in case it had writings have always been, and still are, been printed, many topics now introduced so strikingly remarkable.
would have been omitted, so that it would It has been said, that Mr. Baxter was have assumed another appearance, and peralike distinguished for weakness of body haps another character and name.*To and strength of mind. Of the former we the illness of the author we are therefore can say nothing; but in favour of the lat indebted for this invaluable treatise, as furter, all his writings bear the fullest testi | nishing another instance in which the Almony. By a mental power peculiarly his | mighty so overrules events, as to make own, he has given to his sentiments an natural evil subservient to moral good. energetic pulsation which all can feel, but Among the clergy of Mr, Baxter's day none can imitate with success. We find it this treatise was productive of incalcula130.--VOL. XI.
Review.-A Revival of Religion in New England.
ble benefit. Many were reformed both in the throne to the cottage, from the library their private and their official characters; | of an archbishop to the few volumes of the while the incorrigible, ashamed of the preaching mechanic. It is, however, a vice which they would not abandon, shrunk situation to which it has an imperious from this powerful appeal, and no longer claim, and a neglect of its demands would flaunted their iniquities in the face of the have been disgraceful to this very excellent public. Succeeding years felt the influence selection, which comprises nearly all that of this treatise, and the immutability of the | is valuable in divinity. truths which it contains and enforces, has given permanency to its operation; so that
REVIEW.- A Narrative of the Revival the lapse of time has neither impaired its
of Religion in New England, with vigour, nor turned aside its application. It
Thoughts on that Revival. By Jonais a work which will be perused with ad
than Edwards, A.M. With an Introvantage, when the most youthful now in
ductory Essay, by John Pye Smith, existence shall have given in their account
D.D. 12mo. pp. 506. Simpkin. Lonbefore the bar of God.
don. 1829. Of Mr. Baxter's pointed and earnest manner, the following passage furnishes a
It has been a favourite practice with those striking specimen.
who know not God, to treat every remark
able revival of religion with conteinpt, from “Methinks when Paul's 'spirit was stirred within him when he saw the Athenians wholly given to idolatry,' so it should cast us into one of his paroxysms to see so'many men in the greatest
siasts or fanatics, and that no man of learndanger of being everlastingly undone. Methinks if by faith we did indeed look upon them as within ing, of mental vigour, or acuteness of intela step of hell, it would more effectually untie our
lect, has boldly came forward in its detongues than Croesus' danger did his son's. He that will let a sinner go down to hell for want of speaking to him, doth set less by souls than did the | phant refutation of this calumny. The Redeemer of souls, and less by his neighbour, than common charity will allow him to do by his
name of President Edwards is well known greatest enemy. O, therefore, brethren, whomso both in England, America, and on the ever you neglect, neglect not the most miserable.
continent of Europe; and with it, learning, Whatever you pass over, forget not poor souls that are under the condemnation and curse of the law. mental vigour, and acuteness of intellect and who may look every hour for the infernal of the highest order, are invariably assoexecution, if a speedy change do not prevent it. O call after the impenitent, and ply this great
ciated. In favour of these facts, his numework of converting souls, whatever else you leave rous and valuable publications bear the undone.”—p. 76.
most indisputable testimony, and it can The Rev. Daniel Wilson, in his intro- only be by persons unacquainted with his ductory essay, has caught the spirit which writings, that on these points any doubts runs through this treatise, and with a degree can be entertained. of intelligence that does honour to his head, This gentleman, in the volume now and an earnestness that 'proves his heart to before us, comes boldly forward to speak be in the work, he enforces the important that which he knows, and to testify that truths which Baxter so strongly recom. which he had seen, and, whether those mends. Though a clergyman of the esta- | into whose hands it may fall receive or blished church, he is not ashained of the reject his testimony, openly to avow his manly sentiments and thrilling eloquence conviction, that the powerful operation of this great nonconformist divine. In him, which he describes, is the work of God, we find a congeniality of soul with the notwithstanding the numerous irregularities great author of this immortal work ; and, with which it was accompanied. To his unininfluenced by motives of worldly pru narrative of facts, he adds collateral evidence, and the false maxims of a degene dence, drawn from various sources, and rate age, he takes the Bible for his guide, attested by men of sterling piety, and acand, walking by its light, all distinctions knowledged talents. This work, on the between sects and parties fade and disap human heart, he proceeds to shew is not pear. The necessity of a saving conver- merely sanctioned by the word of God, sion to God he views as the one thing but inculcated in its pages, and illustrated needful, and whatever falls short of this, he by numerous examples, the import and deems unworthy the name of religion. tendency of which no one can misappre
By placing this invaluable treatise among hend. the works of “Select Christian Authors,” The great subject of this book is divided Collins and Co. have rather derived than into five parts, under each of which, many conferred an honour. The Reformed Pas- | sections are arranged. The first part asserts tor would be exalted in any station from that the extraordinary work described, is of
God; the second shews that all are under cellent series of “Select Christian Authors.” an obligation to promote it; the third is a To this honourable station, the name of vindication of those who are zealously Jonathan Edwards is a sufficient passport engaged in it; the fourth cautions those for his work, independently of its intrinsic engaged, against errors; and the fifth gives merit, which neither asks nor wants assistdirections for the promoting of this work. ance from a name. Similar observations In all its branches, the subject is handled will apply to Dr. Smith, whose Essay has in a masterly manner, being supported by a right to demand an entrance, while he the authority of scripture, and defended by
“Pursues the triumph, and partakes the gale." arguments, at which infidelity may be allowed to laugh, when modern philosophy Review.- Olney Hymns, in three Books. has repelled their force.
With The work of revival in New England,
an Introductory Essay, by which Mr. Edwards describes, bears a
James Montgomery. 12mo. pp. 387.
Whitaker. London. 1829. striking resemblance to the revivals of more modern days among the Wesleyan Metho- TựE Olney hymns are well known in the dists in Yorkshire and in Cornwall; and religious world. About half a century has the modes of defence that were available elapsed since their first appearance, during in America, retain all their force on this which period they have passed through side of the Atlantic. The shield which many editions, and the lapse of time can Mr. Edwards has thus thrown over these hardly be said to have diminished their remarkable outpourings of the Holy Spirit, circulation. Having thus stood the test of may be assailed by maxims of worldly public opinion, and acquired a stability of prudence, and of frozen ethics; but against character, they now take their stand among their collective energy it will be found in the works of “Select Christian authors," vulnerable.
published by Collins of Glasgow, without The introductory Essay, though excellent being indebted to the hand of compassion in itself, is not altogether so applicable to for their present elevation. the work as perhaps might have been ex- We learn from the Preface, that these pected. It notices, indeed, with much hymns, amounting in all to upwards of good sense, the prognostics of the present three hundred, are the joint productions of times, which indicate a general spread of two individuals, viz. the Rev. John New. Christianity throughout the world; and ton, with whose name they are generally while it infers a great revival of religion associated, and William Cowper, Esq. from the vigorous impulses thus given to who is well known on the Aonian mount. Christian exertion, ito anticipates a still Of these, the latter gentleman contributed more glorious harvest, both at home, and about sixty, which are distinguished by the in various parts of the world. To prepare | letter C; and of all the remainder, the Rev. the way for this great and desired object, John Newton is the author. Mr. Smith tells us, that “Pauperism must The Introductory Essay, by Mr. Montbe rooted out.” This we can by no means gomery, is rendered particularly interesting view as a felicitous sentence. We readily by the memoirs in outline of these remarkadmit that many of the causes which lead able individuals. The life of each is full to pauperism must be rooted out, and of incidents, in which the providence of these being removed, the effect will cease; God may be distinctly traced through their but misfortune should never be identified varied movements, and in bringing them with crime. The author indeed adds, that together, although in their personal his“The condition usually understood by that tories they bear little or no resemblance name, involves a state of mind and habits whatever to each other. with which true religion can find no con- Newton, wild, profligate, and abangeniality.” This may explain his mean- doned, left his father in early life, was ing ; but it will by no means take the impressed on board a ship of war, exalted inversion of order from the expression, to a midshipman, degraded and flogged nor transfer turpitude from the cause to the for neglect of duty, carried to the coast of effect.
Africa, where he suffered incredible hard. But notwithstanding the preceding re- ships, engaged in the slave trade, followed marks, and the occasions of them, we view for some time the inhuman traffic, was this introduction as a well written article, awakened to a sense of his spiritual danger, and as proportionably enhancing the value sought and found mercy, returned to Eng. of the book to which it is prefixed. In land, took up his abode at Olney, and their connected state, Mr. Collins of Glas- became a worthy minister of the church. gow has given to them a niche in his ex- in which capacity he lived, and