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the 'most secret vices of princes, notwith-, understand them, it is necessary to know standing the false praises which their sub- what relation these histories bear to others: jects lavished on them during life, exposed that is, what is their several importance in to the eyes of all men, they are ashamed the scale of empires, what situation they of the vain joy with which they have hold with respect to the whole, and what listened to flatterers, and perceive that true place they occupy on the roll of time. glory i attaches to nothing short of innate This abridgment,* Monsieur, offers to worth!

you a grand spectacle. You will see all · Ignorance of mankind, and of the memor

the preceding ages develop themselves, able changes which the course of time has so to speak, in a few hours before you; effected in the world, would be disgraceful, you will perceive how empires succeeded I do not say to a king only, but to every each other; and how true religion, under man of liberal education. History enables the different dispensations, has sustained a men to mark the character of different decisive character from the commencement times l: it represents mankind under the of the world to our own times. law of nature, under the written law, and | It is the progress of these two things, I under the gospel; it speaks of the Persians would say, of religion and of empires, vanquished by Alexander, and of the same which you ought particularly to impress people , victorious under Cyrus; it bears on your memory. If you will give witness to the freedom of Greece, in the this abridgment your attentive regard, times of Philip, Themistocles, and Mil- it will show you, that religion and politic tiades; it tells of the Romans under their government are the two points upon which various forms of government; it exhibits human things revolve, and you will disthe tranquillity of religion under Dioclesian cover there their whole order and proand Constantine; and narrates the agitation gress; you will also gain a clue, so to of France during the civil wars of Charles speak, to all the affairs of the unithe Ninth and Henry the Third, and its verse, whilst contemplating this sketch of power under Louis the Fourteenth; when, all that is worthy of remark in the history reunited under so great a monarch, it be of mankind. came the first nation of Europe.

Just as, in surveying a map of the It is, Monsieur, to escape the inconve- world, you travel over the country in which niences of ignorance, that you have read so you were born, and that in which you much of ancient and modern history. are residing, traverse the whole habitable Before all things, make yourself acquainted, globe, and take in at one glance the from the scripture history of the people of farthest extremities of sea and land; so, in God, with the basis of religion. It would studying this abridgment of history, you not become you to be ignorant of Grecian will pass from the narrow limits of your and Roman history, on any account; but, own observation, and extend your view to principally, because, with attention, it will the remotest ages of the world. teach you the history of that country you Geographers lay down in their maps will be called upon to render happy, a some of the principal towns, to assist them point of no mean importance to you. But in determining the situation of the rest, lest these histories, and those you have yet which are then inserted in the chart at their to learn, should create confusion in your proper relative distances; just so in the mind, it is very necessary that I should succession of time, it is necessary to select distinctly yet briefly represent to you the certain periods distinguished by remarkable orderly succession of ages.

events, to which intermediate occurrences Universal history bears the same relation may be referred. to the particular histories of all countries The principal divisions or points of time and people, as a general map does to the are called epochs, from a Greek word particular maps included in it. In a which signifies to arrest; because they here particular map, you see the whole detail arrest for "consideration, as in a place of of a kingdom, or of a province, in itself; repose, all that has gone before or that in the general map you discover the situa- follows after them, thus serving to prevent tion of these parts with respect to the anachronisms, or confusion of times. whole; you perceive that Paris, or the Isle It is desirable to fix upon a small numof France, is in the kingdom, that the ber of epochs, whose distinguishing events kingdom is in Europe, and that Europe are universally known; and those most forms a large portion of the globe.

worthy of remark in ancient history are the Particular histories represent the succession of events connected with a people, in

* The Discourse on Universal History, to which all their details; but in order perfectly to this is an Introduction.

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following: Adam, or the creation; Noah, |

RAVENS IN THE HEBRIDES. vbi or the deluge; the calling of Abraham, or the commencement of the covenant be- A HERD of grampuses (delphinus orca.) tween God and his people; Moses, or the having made their appearance off the island writen law; the siege of Troy; Solomon, of Pabbay, in the Sound of Harris, in the or the foundation of the temple; Romulus, summer of 1818, the natives surrounded or the building of Rome; Cyrus, or the them in boats, and drove them ashore. deliverance of the people of God from Some of the animals were about thirty feet Babylonian captivity ; Scipio, or the de in length, others not more than twelve. struction of Carthage; the birth of Jesus Forthwith all hands were out, busily em Christ; Constantine, or the peace of the ployed in stripping off the blubber, an church; Charlemagne, or the establishment operation which lasted but a few days. of a new empire.

| In the mean time, two or three ravens were I have given you the establishment of seen on the neighbouring rocks, croaking the new empire under Charlemagne, as the dolefully. The people then” brought out conclusion of ancient history, because it is all the pots they could muster, for the purhere that you will find the complete termi- pose of boiling the blubber. The istand nation of the ancient Roman empire. I sent forth an odour which extended for have, therefore, thought it advisable to miles around. Ravens came daily, in arrest your attention at this important point pairs, and at length in small flocks. The of universal history. The order which I gram puses, now abandoned by their mur. propose to observe in the second part of derers, were attacked by the ravens, which, this work, will lead you to the very age after gorging themselves most gloriously that is rendered illustrious by the immortal from dawn to twilight, retired (in the even actions of the king, your father; and which ing to a rock in the vicinity, where they will, we hope, derive new lustre from your dozed away the short hours of the summer endeavours to follow the great example night, seeing in the visions of sleep the which is set before you.

noble carcases of whales moored upon the After having explained to you the general island beaches of the stormy Hebrides. design of this work, I have three principal 1 There were about seventy grampuses in points to recommend to your notice, into all, and for each grampus there might be which I hope to condense all that belongs for the first week five ravens, the next week to our subject.

ten, then twenty, and at length fifty, so It is necessary, in the first place, that I that the ominous army at length amounted conduct you regularly through the different to upwards of three thousand beaked war. epochs, and that you take down, in few riors, headed by an enormous white fieldwords, the principal events which distin marshal, under whom were various speckled guish each of these, that your mind may generals. Spotted ravens, in fact, are be accustomed to give them their proper sometimes seen in the Hebrides on ordid place, without reference to any other occur nary occasions, but one totally white had rence. But as my chief intention is, to never before presented itself to the 'astodraw your observation, as you pass along nished natives. The carcases were wastthe stream of time, to the progress of ing but slowly, and so long as the ravens religion, and the changes of kingdoms, after had plenty of food, nd person thought I have brought together, in a regular series, much about them. At length the Aesh and the prominent facts relating to these two entrails disappeared, and nothing remained things, I shall return, and connect with my but the bare bones. The skeletons' lay on subject necessary reflections on the un- the shores, like the hulkstof the Spanish changeableness of religion, and the vicissi- | armada, keel and timbers, the planks torn tudes which have taken place in empires. off by the natives. Every body thought the

After this, whatever part of history you ravens would now withdraw, but no dimitake up, you will turn all to profit. Never nution appeared in their number. " Week pass by any remarkable fact until you have after week, the old marshal' and his subs discovered the consequences that resulted alterns led the corbies to the bloody beach. from it. Let your admiration be turned A council of war was held; båt tio person towards the wise counsels of God, in the could suggest a remedy! Some shots were affairs of religion. Lastly, direct your indeed fired, and a few ravens hung in attention to the intimate connexion which irons on the heights; but the rest merely subsists between human affairs, and you croaked as they saw their companions will then perceive that reflection and fore- swinging in the gale. sight are able, in some measure, to direct At length, a man named Finlay Morrison and govern them.

| hatched a plot which ''produced a goodly

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gosling. Finlay had often been in St. “Anecdotes of Animals,” brought to my Kilda, where he saw the gannets 'slain in remembrance a curious circumstance which the night in the following manner :-The I witnessed a short time since. Having birdcatcher slips down a long rope, fastened noticed for upwards of a dozen years, in a above by a peg, until he gets upon a shelf | flower-garden, a bed of large black ants, where the gannets have roosted. He ap- which had placed their nests beside an old proaches cautiously, seizes the first between wall, I found that a gravel walk lately his knees, to prevent it from flapping its made, just by the side of their haunts, wings, and thereby frightening the rest, greatly disturbed their daily labours, as it dislocates its neck by a sudden jerk, and was stretched across the track over which leaves it there stark dead. In this manner they regularly traversed backwards and he kills several scores per noctem. Finlay forwards from morning till night. On crawled cautiously up the rock, to which observing how active they were in running the ravens retired at night; he laid hold of round the little stones which obstructed an old one, and burked him; then another their passage, after some time I removed and another, until at length he had slaugh- all the impediments, leaving a smooth tered more than a score. This was repeated path in a circle, which they soon found to several nights in succession. Still no dimi- | be the easiest way of travelling, and in nution was perceptible in the army, and which they went, in as regular a manner the islanders were apprehensive of a fa- as a regiment of soldiers, leaving room for mine, for the ravens had attacked their each other to pass. barley. Finlay scratched his head one Recollecting to have read in the life of night as he sat by the fire, right over the John Bunale, esq. the case of John Orton, organ of invention, which being thereby a hermit, who, dying alone in the Stone. electrified, out came a spark, which, pass more Islands, was found, some time after ing through the other organs, produced a his death, lying on a couch without any scheme, and a curious one too, as will pre- covering, the ants having eaten his flesh, sently be seen.

and left the bones as white as if they had He rose up, dark as it was, and took come from the hands of the anatomist; I with him two of his companions. They was resolved to try an experiment-I acwalked to the rock, clambered up as usual cordingly procured a bird, plucked off its to the raven roosts, laid hold of half a feathers, and placed it in a box, just by dozen birds, plucked them completely, their nests, leaving holes for them to enter leaving only the wing and tail feathers, and and retreat, and covering it slightly with let them loose. By this time it was dawn. mould. In less than a week they reduced The plucked ravens screamed violently; it to a complete skeleton. We little know the whole flock screamed, and Aed. Nothing | the extent of our obligations to these useful was to be heard on the island but one des- creatures in destroying putrid masses, which perate and incessant scream. The natives, would otherwise prove injurious to human terrified, got out of bed and came abroad, life. Their whole economy demonstrates The denuded ravens naturally sought their the wisdom and goodness of Divine Procompanions; but the latter had no com- | vidence.

M. GUIVER. passion upon them. They fled from them

Cambridge, July, 1829. in all directions, terrified at the unnatural and never-before-seen spectacle. One night only did the ravens remain in the island. Some herdsman saw them at sunrise wing

POETKY. their flight in a body northward over the

A WELCOME TO ENGLAND; Atlantic, leaving behind them their luckless companions, which, naked and persecuted,

Or, Lines written on the Introduction of GEORGE

BENNET, Esq. on his Return to England, into soon perished. By this means was the

the Wesleyan Conference, held in Sheffield, island of Pabbay rid of a pest, which might August, 1829. have reduced to severe distress, by destroy O WELCOME, welcome home once more! ing their scanty crop, an already wretched

From Australasia's distant shore,

From burning India's palmy strand, population, the greater part of which has From Madagascar's fatal land, since taken refuge in the wilds of Canada.

From southern Afric's sandy soil,

From far Manritius slavery's isle, - Edinburgh Literary Gazette.

Froin swarming, populous Cathay,
From climes that turn our night to day,

Where summer smiles along the plains,

While clad in snow our winter reigns;

Where cannibals their captives eat, Sir,--Reading in the No. of your Maga

Yes, horrid! deem their blood a treat;

And nature's light, the deist's boast, zine for July last, col. 636, a piece entitled Is but a torch to hell's dark coast,



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Hence, when in our antipodes,
Or Patagonia's stormy seas,
The God of missions, strong to save,
From savage tribes and Austral wave;
Around thyself, the ship, the crew,
A wall of flaming brass he threw,
Nor coral reef, nor dark monsoon,
Nor burning sun, nor midnight moon,
Nor cholera, nor fever's power,
Nor chilling dew, nor drenching shower,
Nor rapid strait, nor boiling deep,
The faithless calm, the whirlpool's sweep,
Had power to hurt a single bair,

For God was thine, and he was there.


Spreading along the path of time
Fear, superstition, guilt, and crime,
While mind, that vital spark of God
But faintly glimmers through the clod;
And from the cradle to the tomb,
The life is woe, the death is gloom.
Eight annual suns have cross'd the line,
And travell'd every circling sign,
Since you have travers'd to and fro
The pagan world, of night and wo,
Circling the convex earth, no doubt,
To cleanse the Augean stable out ;
Or take the gauge of human loss,
And mark the triumphs of the cross,
To hail it in those isles remote,
That bloom and smile beneath the Goat,
Aud girdled with an ocean, rise
Under the stars of other skies,
Where gallant Cook, by science led,
His sails o'er unknown billows spread;
By nobler motives tir'd, you brave
The mountain surge, the Austral wave.
He isles explor'd, and climes unknown,
To add new realms to George's throne;
But you, far richer aims engross,
To save the lost, to spread the Cross.
Nor gold nor gems attracted thee,
To visit the Pacific sea;
Thy scheme was not in every mart
To call from nature or from art;
To bring the diamond from the mine,
Or bid the ore its gold resign;
To fetch the pearl from ocean's deep,
Or Venus watch, while others sleep;
To trace up rivers whence they roll,
Or find a passage to the pole;
Or, skill'd in botany, define
The plants and shrubs beyond the line ;
Or coast vast fields of ice, intent
To find a southern continent.
A purer ray thy footsteps led,
Than ere the lamp of science shed;
Cook's was a noble enterprise,
Thine is recorded in the skies.
Thrice welcome home to greet our eyes,
We hail thee to thy native skies.
We hail thee from a foreign soil,
From forest, jungle, swamp, defile,
Wliere serpents hiss, or tigers lie,
And burning suns intiame the sky.
From palmy groves thy steps we hail,
The coral reef, the monsoon gale,
From mortal climes, where every breeze
Sweeps o'er the plain some fell disease;
And every swamp, with death is rite,
From Zealand spear, Malayan knife,
From stormy Cape and lions' roar,
We hail thee to thy natal shore.
To God, thy God's, eternal praise,
Our “ Stone of Help" we joyful raise,
And on it this great truth record,
Thy help was in and from the Lord !
His love, his light in every zone,
Around thy heart in lustre shone;
His holy providence, unseen,
Spread o'er thee a mysterious screen,
He bore thee up, his mighty hands
Defended from New Zealand bands,
And gave the winds and waves decree,
To bear thee harmless on the sea.
Hence, when along the stormy Cape,
The waves were piled in mountain shape,
While anxious mariners aghast,
Trembled to view the reeling mast,
And every lurch the vessel gaye,
Foreboded all an ocean grave,

They saw not, or they could not see,
. That angels' eyes were fix'd on thee;

They saw not in the hand divine,
A rein that curb'd the foaming brine.
They saw not, in the roaring storm,
The Son of man's divinest form;
Bidding the fierce tornado keep
His servant safe amid the deep;
And at its peril bear thee o'er
Rock, reef, and from the leeward shore !


THE SUN-FLOWER. Thou glaring summer flower,

Soon as the sun doth rise,
Thou watchest, every hour,

His steps o'er yonder skies,
When in the chequer'd east,
· He shows his head of gold ;
O then thy ample breast,

To him thou dost unfold.
When at the hour of noon,

In triumph he does ride; Thiné eye to him is won,

While every tear is dried. When o'er the glowing west,

In skies both blue and fair ; Still in his presence blest,

We tind thee gazing there. And when he sinks below,

Within the ocean deep; Then quickly thou dost bow,

Thy languid head to weep. And thro' the hours of rest,

In silence thon dost mourn ; Uncomforted-unblest

Till Phæbus does return. Flower of the sun! oh, why

Dost thou each passing day ; Turn up thy golden eye,

And court the sunny ray? Thou lov'st the sun the sky,

But 'tis unknown to me; Where lurks the secret tie,

Between that orb and thee, So blind, alas! is man,

Nature's unerring laws; Evade his deepest scan,

They are-but whence the cause ? I seek no cause, indeed!

For, oh! each passing hour ; A lesson we may read,

In every plant and flower. Tho' I to earth am bound,

A GLORIOUS SUN is given; 0, may he still be found, And draw my thoughts to heaven.



THE GOD OF THUNDERS. 'Twas silence all;now from the op'ning skies, A fire descends, and through the ether flies; Tremendous noise succeeds the vivid flame, God treads above, and thunders speak his name. He lists his hand, the sun forgets bis glare, Rolls in dense clouds, and stalks the heavens in fear : He speaks, and, lo, through every op'ning gate Speed fire and noise that round his glory wait. This God is ours ; He'tis the suppliant hears, "Tis He the Christian loves, the Atheist fears, To Him the spirits damn'disdain to pray, Lightnings surround his path, and thunders mark his way.

Q. E. D.

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A PARAPHRASE On part of the Sixth Chapter of Matthew.

WHEN will thine unbelief,

Its torturing power restrain ?
Why should thine impious grief,

A gracious God arraign!
Is faith's inspired prayer

At length of no avail,
And thou below his care,

Do his resources fail?
Then why, o tell me, why, or whence,
This widely spread beneficence ?

Oft from the senate and the throne,
Wlrile blood-eyed war's terrific groan

Has sounded through the land,
Has help been ask'd; and then ve drew
Your hoarded wealth, and gladly flew

To lend a helping band.
Again the loud, th' imperious call,
From heav'ns high throne addresses all

Througbout the British isles.
Haste to the standard of your King,
Jesus commands ! your treasures bring;

The foe our poor beguiles,
O for a patriotic zeal,
To fire our souls, and while we feel,

Our energy t'increase ;
Not to spread death and ruin round,
And strew with mangled heaps the ground,

But concord, love, and peace.
God of our highly favour'd isle,
Still, still on British missions smile,

Then England will be blest.
Touch every heart that bears thy name,
With holy tire, and let the flame

On every agent rest.


Behold the feather'd throng,

How thoughtlessly they fly;
He guides their course along

The wide and pathless sky.
The berried thorn supplies

Their sweet and constant meal,
Its shades from curious eyes,

Their sylvan home conceal. He bids them weave their mossy bed, By him their scatter'd meal is spread.

The lilies of the field,

How carelessly they bloom,
And without labour yield

Their delicate perfume.
Through every varied tribe,

The flowery sisterhood,
From his own breath imbibe

Their light ethereal food.
His hand their vital juice supplies,
And tints them with their richest dyes.

His care extends to all

The vegetable race,
He sends his show'r to fall,

E'en on the lowly grass.
On the rude thistle too,

That near the pathway grows,
As lightly falls the dew,

As on the sweetest rose.
Thus nature's ample fields survey,
And look your anxious cares away.


There is a land of liberty,

Whose sons are brave and fair, Where black and white alike are free

As birds that skim the air. Could we but touch its happy shore, Oh, then we should be slaves no more, We sleep and dream, before our eyes,

The lovely land appears, We walk the smiling paradise,

Nor think of former tears. We wake to feel the galling chain, That tells us we are slaves again.



They were not form'd of finer clay,

Nor shaped in nicer mould,
Who tore us from our homes away,

And bartered us for gold,
Than Afric's sons thus held in thrall,
For God, in Adam, made us all.
O noble, high, exalted land,

Regard an injured race ;
Lift up for us thy mighty hand,

And thy reproach erase.
O Britain, now be truly brave,
And break the shackles of the slave.



This morn I met a little boy,

(As near yon blossom'd grove I tarried.) With cheeks flush'd o'er with rapturous joy,

And in his hand a prise he carried.

"England, with all thy faults, I love thee still.”

HARK! on the odorif'rous gales,
That sweep our mountains, cheer our vales,

What sounds are borne along ;
"Tis misery's groan, that strikes the ear,
Deeper than dirge o'er funeral bier,

That last sad mournful song.
From British heathen, English swains,
Who toil, and dress our fields and plains,

Or o'er our forests roam,
The soul-arresting sounds arise,
While yonder mild propitious skies,

Bid us remember home.
How long shall ardent prayer arise
From bleeding hearts, and uprais'de

Which sorrow's floods o'erflow?
How long shall dying myriads call,
Or weeping suppliants prostrate fall,

And groan theirun eas'd wo?
Sball Afric's sons be freed from chains,
And Hindoo widows, snatch'd from pains,

Adore the hand that saves ?
Shall Budhu's priests, from sin made free,
Rejoice in gospel liberty,

And England's sons be slaves ?
Britons ! to you the warm appeal,
Which surely British hearts must feel,

Is by your country made.
Thousands around your hamlets lie,
Involv'd in guilt: haste ere they die,

England implores your aid.

A prize which he would not forego,

The sweet nest of the freckled linnet: And oh, with what deligbt he saw

Four little callow chirpers in it.
Where bast thou got these birds, this morn ?

I said; and he replied unheeding,
I've found this nest in yonder thorn,

But, see, my hands are sadly bleeding.
Ah me, my boy! poor reckless child !

And didst thou then that wild tree rifle: (Mindless of thorns which there beguil'd,)

To gain so poor, so mean a trifle? And oh I in riper years withal,

Thou'lt catch at many a worthless bubble! While keener thorns thy breast will gall, And turn thy joys to tears of trouble.


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