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from Seventy-nine Couch Stands to most On the whole, it is a respectable portrait of parts of the Metropolis, with the new Fares Christmas for Watermen, &c.(Simpkin and Marshall, 6. Glastonbury Abbey, a Poem, (LongLondon, 1829,) is certainly a very useful man, London,) we are informed by the book for all who traverse the streets of author, is rather a delineation of the period London in vehicles, or hire boats on the in which it flourished, than a narrative of Thames. In most cases it will enable the its individual history. This, every one traveller to ascertain the legal fares which knows, was a period of legend, of supercoachmen and boatmen have a right to stition, of miracle, and wonder, in which demand, and to resist, as well as detect, the imagination may still wander without the shameful impositions that are daily obstruction through the fields of romance. practised. This is a new edition of a work of this privilege the author has availed which we reviewed several months since, himself, and we follow him into the land into which the author has introduced se of fairies, until truth and fiction become so veral very useful maps; and to which he blended, that they half lose their discrihas made some valuable additions.

minating characters. To the lovers of the . 2. The Teacher's Offering, or Sunday marvellous this poem will be found both School Monthly Visitor, edited by the amusing and interesting. The language is Rev. John Campbell, (Westley and Davis, flowing and easy, but few passages are London,) we had occasion to notice rendered remarkably striking, either by any while it was publishing in parts. These brilliancy of thought, or pathos of exparts are now collected together, and made pression. up into a very neat little volume. The 7. Hildebrand, the Priest of Rome ; matter is both instructive and amusing to a Satire on Popery, by John Waudby, children, aud several wood cuts ornament (Booth, Wednesbury,) contains many keen the narratives, tales, anecdotes, and his- and scarcastic strokes, but to these the torical fragments of which it is composed. papists have been so long accustomed, We have perused its contents with much that it produces no more effect than the pleasure, and recommend it as a valuable beating of a tempest does on the pyramids Iittle book.

of Egypt. They have been taught that 3. A Catechism in Rhyme; and a Tahi- the greater the absurdity they are called to tian Youth searching after Evidence for embrace, the stronger is their faith in the Truth of his Bible, by Thos. Keyworth, believing it. Men thus entrenched, are (Teape, London,) are two little articles for beyond the reach both of ridicule and young children, by whom they may be reason. In this poem, Mr. Waudby has deemed important, and into whose hands advanced many objections which even they may be safely put.

| jesuitical ingenuity will find it difficult to 4. Cottage Prayers, or Forms of Prayer repel, and many truths that must flash for one Month, by the Rev. C. Davy, conviction on every unprejudiced mind. (Seeley, London,) are recommended to 8. An Address to Christians on the our notice by the devotional spirit which Propriety of Religious Fasts, by James they breathe. They contain a good variety Hargreaves, (Wightman and Cramp, of useful matter, and keep in view the fun- London,) will lose a considerable portion damental doctrines of the gospel. Should of its import, by being interlarded with they be used with the same sincerity that terms and phrases that are characteristic of seems to have dictated them to the author, sect and party. To those who have their adoption in families will be found embraced the author's creed, this will be a highly beneficial to their spiritual interests. recommendation, but beyond these narrow

5. Christmas, a Poem, by Ech. Moxon, confines, it will put on a repulsive aspect. (Hurst & Co. London,) ranges through the From the Jewish economy the author has varied scenes which present themselves to brought his chief arguments in the support our notice on the occasion of this festival, of this rite, and the greater portion of his and at this season of the year. These scriptural quotations are from the Old scenes the author has delineated with much | Testament. On its observance he seems fidelity, and in some places with a toler to have laid an undue stress, without being able share of innocent humour. His muse able to furnish his readers with any thing is not, eagle-pinioned, but she soars in a authoritatively decisive as to the length of decent altitude, and with evenness of wing time, or the frequency in which abstinence preserves her elevation. His numbers are should be observed. These, indeed, are smooth, and frequently harmonious, ac-points which he may determine to his own companied with perspicuity, though some- satisfaction; but another, with equal plau· mes descending to minute delineations. sibility, and equally destitute of divine

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authority, will lay down other rules, and I GEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY.
the subject will be finally left in a state of Mr. Editor.

Sır, -The science of geology has received 9. A Catechism intended to explain a splendid accession, by a discovery made, and enforce the leading Doctrines and during the last month, of organic remains Duties of the Word of God, &c. by the Rev. on the grounds of Gladish, Esq., at Robert Simson, Master of Colebrooke- Northfleet near Gravesend. His attention house Academy, Islington, (Duncan, Lon- was directed to the spot by an inquiry don,) contains a series of questions and addressed to one of his workmen employed answers on the most important topics that in digging gravel, whether he ever found can relate to man, favoured with a divine any bones? “Yes, master,” he replied, revelation, and as a candidate for eternity. “ very often, plenty of them, here is one These questions and replies do not flow now." Upon further examination, he from the monotonous process of cateche found it belonged to a series, lying in a tical routine, but from the subjects that stratified direction, embedded in a loose may naturally be supposed to suggest them- plastic clay nearly approaching to sand, selves to a thinking mind anxiously inquir All further examination in the bed was ing after truth. The address to the pupils immediately suspended, and Mr. Gladish at the conclusion, contains many judicious sent to some scientific friends at Gravesobservations relative to domestic economy end, at whose suggestion letters were adand conduct, which we should rejoice to dressed to the Geological and Zoological see uniformly adopted.

Societies, who in reply intimated their 10. The Cultivation of the Mind; an | intention of visiting the spot, which they introductory Lecture at the Opening of accordingly did on the 3rd of December. the Southampton Literary and Philosophi- Among those present were Dr. Buckcal Institution, Nov. 12, 1828, by the land and several members of the GeoloRev. J. Davies, (Hatchard, London,) is gical Society. a pamphlet entitled to much respect, both The principal remains discovered and from the nature of the subject of which it removed on that day were, a pair of anttreats, and the manner in which the author lers belonging to an unknown species of has proceeded to set it before his auditors. deer, which were found tolerably perfect, From a large and very elaborate work on one below the other, at the distance of the mental powers, which we reviewed in about five inches. They were quite firm our number for August last, we derive sa when first discovered, but, by exposure to tisfactory proof that Mr. Davies is every the air, they split and crumbled into small way qualified for the task which he has fragments under the touch. In this state here undertaken. To those by whom this drawings were made of them, after which lecture was heard, it must have afforded an they were removed in pieces, which will exalted intellectual repast; and those who be again reunited by the finished drawings, read it with similar expectations, will not which will give the shape and dimensions. be disappointed.

The head was not then discovered, but 11. Anti -Slavery Reporter, No. 42, for was supposed to lie below them. December, 1828, is much larger than usual, Nearly on a level with them, but at and more than proportionately interesting. some distance, was found the complete It'fairly exposes the system of injustice and head of an ox. intolerance by which slavery is upheld, both About three feet below, lay a long straas to the laws themselves, and the administra tum of bones of various kinds, not yet tion of them. In the charges of injustice removed, consisting of antlers, jaws, shouland inhumanity, several islands are involved, der-blades, legs, &c.; and in other parts but Jamaica, Barbadoes, and Berbice ap- of the clay bed, at various depths, slight pear with superior prominence on the list excavations have disclosed several minor of iniquity. These charges are supported depositories; and it is supposed that by specific instances of oppression and there is sufficient labour for some months cruelty, some of which are almost too of further research into these curious anteshameful for detail. The planter, and his diluvian remains, which from former disagents in the islands, still shut their eyes coveries promise to establish a most sinand ears against the claims of justice and gular and interesting fact in geology. humanity; but the Anti-Slavery Reporter is It has been recorded, that in various heard in England, and the cause which it parts of the opposite side of the river in espouses, we hope, will soon be avowed Essex, bones of the elephant and rhinoceros by the powerful voice of the British legisla- have been discovered, and at the Nore ture.

bones of small animals, as also on the

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coast of France. Between these, the dis- | however imperfect and superficial, serve coveries at Northfleet form a connecting to demonstrate the truth of those invalulink, and render it probable that at the able and sacred records, in which alone time these depositions took place, the are contained the laws of God to man, whole site now occupied by the river while his wisdom draws a veil of secrecy Thames and the English channel, was over those peculiar dispensations of his one continued tract of land, over which over-ruling providence, and teaches us the waters of the deluge swept, carrying “Where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wise." these organic remains with them, and

E. G. B. depositing them in such fissures and vacuities as they met with in their course.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE TALLOW TREE OF Upon a geological investigation of the

CHINA. spot, it was discovered that the beds of plastic clay and superstratum of sand were

| The tree producing tallow is the croton diluvial depositions, in a hollow bason in

sebi ferum of Linnæus, and not, as bas the solid chalk. The prodigious force

been sometimes incorrectly stated, the with which the water washed down this

sedum fecoides of that great naturalist. cavity carried with it the disjointed bodies

“This tree,” says Dr. Abel, (who has given of these various animals, which subsiding

a very interesting account of the transacby their own gravity, sunk into the clay,

tions of lord Amherst's embassy to the and were covered with a deep superstratum

court of Pekin,) “was one of the largest, of sand. On the other side of this wall,

the most beautiful, and the most widely as it may be termed, which has been left

| diffused, of the plants found by us in standing, the stratum of sand is diversified

China. We first met it a few miles south by thin strata of gravel and black earth,

of Nankin, and continued to remark it, in considered to be strongly impregnated

greater or less abundance, till our arrival with magnesia. This is an arrangement

at Canton. We often saw it imitating the of a novel character, and affords an inte

oak in the height of its stem, and the resting feature in geology. The whole

spread of its branches. Its foliage has the scene gave the highest gratification to Dr.

green and lustre of the laurel. Its small Buckland and his scientific friends. The

flowers, of a yellow colour, are borne at excavations are still proceeding, and some

the ends of its terminal branches. Clusters of valuable discoveries are expected to be

dark-coloured seed-vessels succeed them in made during their progress.

autumn; and when matured, burst asunder, In conclusion I would observe, that it

and disclose seeds of a delicate whiteness. is a remarkable fact, noticed by geological

The fruit of the tallow tree (called among writers, that among the numerous organic

other names in China, Yarièou*) goes remains which have been discovered at

through nearly the same process in yieldvarious times and in various places, none

ing its extract, as the seed of the Camellia of those of the human species have yet

Oleifera, or oil plant. The machine in been detected, with the exception of that

which it was seen to be bruised, differed found at Guadaloupe, now in the British

indeed from those employed for pounding Museum ; and this specimen, from the

the seed of the Camellia, but was, no circumstance of wanting the head, has been

doubt, often used for both purposes. It disputed.

was ground by a wheel moved backwards There can be no doubt that the migra

and forwards in a trunk of a tree, shaped tions of the human species at the time of

like a canoe, lined with iron, and fixed in the deluge were very confined, and per

the ground. To the axis of the wheel was haps their numbers few in comparison

fixed a long pole, laden with a heavy with those of beasts. It may be thought,

weight, and suspended from a beam. that could the situation of the habitable

“The seed, after being pounded, was part of the globe at that period be ascer

formed into a thick mass, by heating it tained, and its geology investigated, some

with a small quantity of water in a large discoveries might be made. But it must

iron vessel. It was then put hot into a also be considered, that this does not solve

case formed to receive it. This consisted the problem, for if, as is supposed, the

of four or five broad iron hoops, piled one bones of tropical animals have been driven * Ya being the character which signifies a crow by the waters into the temperate zone, (that bird being fond of its fruit,) the other cha.

racter, Rieou, signifies a mortar for separating why should not those of man also be dis

the husk of rice, and enters into its name, “becovered?

cause," says Du Halde, “when the tree grows The subject is altogether fraught with

old, its root decays within, and becomes hollowed

in the form of a mortar."--Du Halde, tom. iii. mysterious interest, and our discoveries, I p. 504.

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over the other, and lined with straw. The God, in company with George Bennet, Esq, who

is speedily expected to return, left this country, to seed was pressed down with the feet, as

examine the Mission stations on the remote pos. close as possible, till it filled the case, tions of the globe. During their journeys and which was then transferred to the press.

voyages they have visited the South Sea islands,

the Missionary establishments beyond the Ganges Pressure, however, is not the only, or per

in the East Indies, the Mauritius, and several haps the most common method of obtain others. The same errand of; benevolence had

brought them to Madagascar, where Mr. Tvering the tallow; for it is sometimes pro

man has finished his labours, and found a grave. cured by boiling the bruised seeds in To harden Plaster Casts and Alabaster. The water, and collecting the oily matter which

following process has obtained a patent in France,

The piece of plaster, or alabaster, after being floats on its surface. This tallow, which

shaped, is put for twenty-four hours into a furhas all the sensible properties of that from nace. If the piece is only eighteen lines thick,

three hours in the furnace, heated up to the temthe animal kingdom, is used in the manu

perature required for baking bread, is sufficient : facture of candles. Du Halde informs us, if thicker, it is left in for a proportionably longer that every ten pounds is mixed with three

time, at the end of which it is withdrawn with

caution, and cooled ; after which it is put for of some vegetable oil, and a sufficient

thirty seconds into river water, withdrawn for a quantity of wax to give it consistence. few seconds, and then again immersed for a minute

or two, according to its thickiess, The piece is The candles also receive additional sup.

then exposed to the air, and, at the end of three or port from a coating of wax. They burn four days, it has acquired the bardness and density with great flame, emit much smoke, and

of marble. It may then be polished.

To Destroy Flies. During the course of the last quickly consume."

summer, numerous accidents to children were • By reference to a volume of the Transac recorded, in consequence of a deleterious compo.

sition, (generally king's yellow, a preparation of tions of the Philosophical Society of Lon

arsenic,) being employed for the destruction of don, we find that this tree, which affords flies: this object may be accomplished very safely, an oil or tallow to diffuse light through

and completely,' by a strong infusion of quassia

wood sweetened with sugar. the Celestial Empire, was cultivated in Fall of an Aerolite.-The following account of England so far back as the year 1703, by an aerolite, weighing thirty-six ponnds, which fell

at eleven, A.M. September 14, 1825, at Vaigou, one a Mr. Coal.- Vide Philosoph. Transact. of the Sandwich Islands, is given by a lieutenant 'n. 286, p. 1427, n. 90. ,

of Captain Kotzebue, in his voyage round the world. A short time previously to its fall, the sky became charged with clouds, nntil the whole

island was covered with a dense black veil. The GLEANINGS.

fall of the stone was immediately preceded by a

violent gust of wind from the N.W., and, even at Earth from the Banks of the Nile.-Lord sea, sounds like those of thunder were heard. Bacon has observed, that if earth be taken from Immediately after these detonations, the aerolite land adjoining the Nile, and preserved so as not to fell in the middle of the village of Ganagauros, be wet or wasted, and weighed daily, it will not and broke into pieces on touching the ground. undergo any alteration, until the seventeenth of The Russian travellers gathered many of these June, when the river beginneth to rise, and then pieces, one weighing fifteen pounds. They reit will grow more and more ponderous, till the semble the aerolites generally known. river cometh to its height.

Useful Cement.-A useful cement, for general Paddington Stages. There are forty-eight purposes, is composed of two parts of rosin, Paddington stages to and from the Bank daily, melted over a slow tire, into which one part of the each performing four times. The distance thither quantity of plaster-of-paris is to be introduced, and and back is nearly ten miles, and the duty is well mixed by stirring them ; add two parts of three-pence a mile ; so that Paddington stages, shell-lac, and the whole, being in a fluid state, conpassing and repassing, perform 384 times on the stitutes a firm and durable cement. road, making 1920 miles per day, and which, for Common Salt in Chili. -An incrustation of salt, mile-duty only, yields the sum of £8.760. annually. 30 miles in length, and several miles in width, is The.hörses perform the journey thither and back found on the coast of Chili, to the south of Cobut once each day, so impetuous is the speed ; so quimbo. It has the appearance of that compact that it requires' 192 daily at work upon the road, Tice which forms on the surface of lakes and rivers for this single' branch of public accommodation, in America towards the middle of winter. The If the coaches are fulla the money exchanging thickness is about two feet. When a block of it is hands amounts to nearly 300 guineas daily, and removed, the space is soon filled up by new salt. the persons conveyed amount to 5576.

The great road runs for a considerable distance Death of the Rev. Daniel Tyerman.-The along the edge of this curious formation. It has religious public will learn with deer regret, that frequently happened, that when mules, horses, and letters have been received by the London Mis. even men, have died in this part of the route, their sionary Society, conveying the painful intelligence bodies have been perfectly preserved for a long of the death of the Rev. D. Tyerman, which took time afterwards. place at the capital of Madagascar, on the 30th of Death of Shungie and George, two New Zealand July, 1828. R. Lyall, Esq. (Dr. Lyall) British | Chiefs.-.-Froin a Sydney Gazette, dated April 18, agent, who arrived the day after Mr. Tyerman's 1828, we learn that Shungie, the notorious New decease, at the request of the Missionaries, exa. | Zealand warrior, as well as the celebrated George, mined the body, to ascertain the disease, and pro the chief of Whangooroa, where the Boyd was disnounced it to be apoplexy, and not to have arisen astrously cut off several years ago, and her crew from any cause peculiar to Madagascar. Mr. murdered, are both dead. For a length of time those Lyall had seen Mr. Tverman frequently at the two chiefs were opposed to each other in the most Mauritius, and considered him a very likely subject sanguinary warfare, but latterly, from motives of for such an attack; and observes, that the same policy, they had united their forces, and, had not event might, and very probably would, have oc death opportunely intervened, they threatened to curred at any place: at the same time he admitted, depopulate the island. We understand, in conthat the fatigue of journeying might assist in sequence of these deaths, that the Church and hastening the sad event. More than seven Wesleyan Missionaries enjoy a much greater de. years have elapsed since this devoted servant of I gree of quietude, though they are not by any

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coming av Amuse the writert to the v

means free from that danger to which they must | Twenty-One Sermons. By the late Rev. Thos. be exposed, whilst the natives continue in their Spencer barbarous condition.

- Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Savage. By J. B. Duelling.-Augustus gave an admirable exam. Williams, Esq. F.S.A. ; with a Preface' by the ple how a person who sends a challenge should be Rev. Wm. Jay. treated. When Marc Antony, after the battle of Christianity, Protestantism, and Popery, comActium, defied him to single combat, his answer to pared and contrasted. 8vo. the messenger who brought it was, “Tell 'Marc Objections to the Doctrine of Israel's future Antony, if he be weary of life, there are other Restoration to Palestine, National Pre-eminence, ways to end it; I shall not take the trouble of be &c. coming bis executioner."


Serious Reflections on Time and Eternity, by Sunday Amusements.-In an old magazine, John Shower ; and on the consideration of our printed about 1789, the writer, speaking of persons latter end, and other conteniplations, by Sir Mat. whose habit it was to resort to the various tea thew Hale, Knt. with an introductory Essay, by gardens, near London, on a Sunday, calculates Thomas Chalmers, D.D. them to amount to about 200,000. Of these he 'The Miscbiefs of Self-Ignorance, aud the Beneconsiders not one would go away withont having fits of Self-Acquaintance. By Richard Baxter. spent 2s 6d. and consequently £25,000 would have With an Introductory Essay, by the Rev. David been spent in the course of the day. £25,000

Young. multiplied by the number of Sudays in the year,

The Life and Adventures of Alexander Selkirk gives, as the annual consumption of that day of upon which the romance of Robinson Crusoe is rest, the immense sum of £1,300,000. The writer founded. By John Howell. also takes upon himself to calculate the returning My Grandfather's Farm; or, Pictures of Rural situation of these persons as follows:-Sober, Life. 50,000 ; in high glee, 20,000 ; drunkish, 30,000 ;

The Child's Commentator on the Holy Scripstaggering tipsy, 10,000; muzzy, 15,000; dead tures. By Ingram Cobbin, A.M. Vol. I. 18mo. drunk, 5.000.-Total, 200,000.

Neatly half-bound. Equestrianism. In South America, the whole The Evangelieal Spectator. By the Author of population is equestrian.. No man goes to visit the Evangelical Rambler. Parts 1 to 5. his next door neighbour on foot; and even the beggars in the streets ask alms on horseback. A

In the Press. French traveller being solicited for charity by one

To be published Feb. Ist. in 8vo. with Plates and of these monnted petitioners, at Buenos Ayres,

Woodeuts, half-bound in cloth, “A Treatise on made the following observations in his note-book :

Printing and Dyeing Silk Shawls, Garments, “ 16th November. Saw a beggar this morning,

Bandanas, &c. in Permanent and Fancy Colours." who asked alms of me, mounted on a tall gray

| By H. Mc. Kernan, experimental colour-maker and horse. The English have a song that says, Set

dyer. a beggar on borse back, and see how he'll ride!'

Mr. John Hinds, author of the Veterinary SurI had often heard this mentioned, but I never saw

geon,'has a new work in the press, entitled, " The one upon his way before."

Groom's Oracle, and Stable Pocket Directory."

A Volume of Sermons. By the Rev. W. F.
Vance, assistant minister of St. John's Chapel,
Bedford Row.

Dialogues on Prophecy. Part Ten.
Just Published.

The Legendary Cabinet ; a Selection of British

National Ballads, ancient and modern, from the Poems ; Lyric, Moral, and Humorous. By best anthors. With Notes and Illustrations. By Thomas Crossles.

J. D. Parry, M.A. Cambridge. "The Stepmother," a Tragedy in five acts. By Natural History of Enthusiasm, Secular and the Author of “ Longinus,” a Tragedy, &c.

Religions. Biblia Sacra Polyglotta : Bagster's Quarto Edi. The Monthly Bible Class Book ; or, Scriptural tion. The 5th and last part of this work is now Aids to promote a Revival of Religion among the ready for delivery. This part contains the entire rising generation. By John Morison. New Testament in Five Languages. The Syriac Portraits, entitled “The Ladies' Library," with version is to be sold separately.

portraits. The first part will appear early in The First Six Books of the Iliad of Homer, January, literally translated into English Prose, with copi “The Royal Book of Fate,” will appear early in ous Explanatory Notes, and 'a preliminary Dis January, by Raphael, the London astrologer. sertation on his Life and Writings.

Doctor Epps, author of the Internal Evi. Twelve Moral Maxims of my Uncle Newbury. dences of Christianity, deduced from Pbrenology.'

and Lecturer on Materia Medica and Chemistry, The Third Volume of the Works of the English proposes to publish (by request) three Phrenoloand Scottish Reformers, edited by the Rev. Thos. gical Essays. I. On the Faculty of Veneration. Russell, A.M.

Il. On Morality. III. On the best means of atTwelve Lectures on Ecclesiastical History and taining Happiness. Nonconformity, exhibiting a view of Church His The Christian Minister's Pocket Companion : lory. By Isaac Mann, A.M. 8vo. bds.

containing Selections of the most striking pasA New and cheap Annual, entitled “ Affection's sages from the works of eminent authors, ancient Offering," a book for all seasons, but especially and modern. One vol. 18mo. By W. Shuttledesigned as a Christmas and New Year's Gift, or worth. Birth.Day Present. It will also be a most conve In one handsome vol. 12mo. Scripture Balances ; nient and appropriate Prize Book for Schools. being a Selection of the Promises and Threaten

A New Translation of the History of Herodo. ings of the Holy Scriptures, systematically artus; intended for the use of general readers. By ranged." By the Rev. J. Young. author of ScripIsaac Taylor, jun. in one large volume 8vo. with ture Lyre,' &c. short Notes and Maps.

The Library of Religious Knowledge ; consistProceedings at a Dinner, to commemorate the ing of a Series of Original Treatises on the most Abolition of the Sacramental Test.

important subjects. The whole to be conducted by A Dissertation on the Priesthood of Christ, &c. Clergymen of the Church of England. A number By John Wilson, minister of the gospel, Montrose, will appear every fortnight, price 6d. The publi

Treatises and Letters of Dr. Nicholas Ridley, cation to commence on the 31st of January, bishop of London, and martyr, 1555.

A Guide to Phrenology; with an Appendix, On Completeness of Ministerial Qualification. containing the mode of dissecting the brain, acBy John Hinton, A.M.

cording to the method pursued by Drs. Gall and." An Examination of Scripture Difficulties, elu Spurzheim, &c. with Engravings. By Henry Wm. Cidating nearly seven hundred passages in the Dewhurst, Esq. Surgeon, Professor of human and Old and New Testaments. By Wm. Carpenter. comparative Anatony, Zoology, &c,

Literary Notices.

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