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734 recercccconcors...••*•••••••••mnosor..onworporronsorommissm w ind VAITEHEAVEN. YO THT I doni A MOMENT WHAT IS IT 1911990

A MOMENT how soon is it flown, Pino! Jet 6.- A place of pure delight,

Like a sigh that escapes from the breast; 01 . Of spotless joy, of harmony, of peace."

Or the lightning that flames and is gone, not
o ai geros
id won

Ere the eye on its object can rest."
Is earth the seat of wo.lo Bi 9711

As transient as shades in the night," "sh bus
Where all is death and cheerless ;

Which play on the bosom of trees; 15 ( 1) Where dangers thickly grow

Or sun-beams that burst on the sight

When the morning unfurls her soft breeze, 1. 02
And not an eye is tearless ?
Heaven is the seat of bliss,


As quick as the thought in the mind,
Or fancy that wings through the air ;

Where constant light is beaming ;


So rapid it leaves all behind,
Where gladness ever is, is Wolv

As fleeting as eve's dying glare. Å VVV Vit
And eyes with joy are gleaming.

So short its duration on earth, 1
Does earth present a scene,


It beams, and is witnessed no more ;
Of unremitted changess

Like a wave that is blest with a birth: ud Du
Where tyranny is seen, oled s Jo

And dies on a desolate shore. The f ilm
And ruin often ranges ? 19119

It speeds as an arrow that flies,
In heaven no change is known,

And leaves not a trace in the gale;
No spoilers ever enter; 19. A

As a meteor that burns in the skies,
No lash is heard, no groan, et

Or the accents that die in a tale.

!! TOV But bloomy pleasures centre. J

A small gem, of which time is made,
Is earth a tainted soil, 9d 898

More numerous than stars in the sky..?

Or spires of grass blown in the glade,1))
RIWhere crime's abode is seated ;

Or sands that around the eеa lie.
Where man is misery's spoil, o

It hangs on the pendulum's sway,
And truth with shame is treated ?

Composing the hours as they roll;
No sin in heaven is found, X

Exists at the opening of day, *****
But all is pure and spotless ;H

And groans out the deep midnight toll.
With fairest lustre crown'd, to?

Was present when earth beauteous rose
With glory clear and blotless.


From the rudeness of chaotic gloom,
Is earth a land of death, 199H

Shall glide on time's stream as it flows,
A lazar-house of sorrow ;) HOW

And find in the ocean a tomb..?
That one day gives us breath,

Its motion as silent as orbs
And slays us on the morrow?SH

That twinkle unheard in the sky, , P.
Heaven is a land of life, d BAT

Unseen as the heart when it thi'obs 01
With healthfulness eternal ; 013

To whisper the trembling sigh. 35 W
With peace for ever rife, but

In a moment our sun will expire, j' , B Wala
With blossoms ever vernal. 59!

And set in the darkness of death :


In a moment our souls will aspire or avand 1019

J. S. B.

No longer embodied on earth. is al 59

In a moment the trumpet shall blow, 19:

37 allstar CE 1890 yild aid

And awake all that sleep in the tomb : 140 AN ELEGY ON A PIOUS FEMALE.

In a moment each mortal shall know bride 9 971 TOTIV

His last irreversible doom. I SING the Maiden exquisitely fair, 19

Soon our moments will cease' But not to picture her in beauty's arms;

And die on eternity's shore; Though lilies blown in Oriental air, inan

They the billows of ocean will hideW A Are feeble emblems of her outward charms.

Deep buried, to roll never more, J. BURTON.
A holier theme than mortal bloom I sing.
A death-bed monument of christian zeal,

Where faith and love, celestial beauties, spring
From resignation to a Saviour's will.

Ode 22d. Liber 1. A T
For, lo ! on yonder pallet, feebly worn,

Integer vitæ, scelerisque purus, &c. A . Th' amicted maid reclines her aching head; A scene which vaunting infidels may scorn,

In God have I put my trust: I wiil not be afraid But virtue triumphs on a dying bed.

what man can do unto me.”—Psalm lvi. 11. Can infidelity create a smilelov THT

He who with hopes above the skies."??"
Within the circuit of a dying throe?'god IT To God alone for safety flies,
It may-but inomentary, faint, and vile, T

ot to fear in A
Needs not the world's contempt to fear,

W "Tis but the harbinger of endless woe. 891 iT

The sland'rous tongue, or bitter jeer." No infidelity dilates her fears-w29

Whether he tread hot burning sands,& eile

Or bleak inhospitable lands, But fears she has none-witness her delight;


Or wand'ring by the river's side, 92.90 W E’en death himself, bedew'd in icy tears,

Where India's streams meand'ring glide. A Laments the flow'r he finally must blight. 9T

For while I tuned the sacred song, lite bos hobuse liry 9 Weep on, ye friends, weep on, ye tender maids

And sauntered deviously along, 3W sT" This sorrowing scene is closing on her eyes,

A scorner lurked within the shade, What though no grief the tinal hour evades, 1931

But fled my steps where'er I stray'drvet She'll bear your fond affection to the skies, woda

Some monster from his dark retreat W

More vile than he of Ferney's seat; In her th' unhallow'd passions cease to burn

Or he who learned in Scotia's land iT The languid embers of immortal love, do YOKI

His injur'd Maker's name to brand, JV Though faintly glimm'ring in their vital urn,T

Convey me to some barren waste. :) 913.IW Are re-enkindling on the shrines above. 9" 10" Where not a tree shields from the blasts A She dies—but angels from their heav'rily sphere, Or where dark clouds obscure the l

eIT - Who hung benignly o'er her ebbing breath,

And wrap the heavens in gloomy night,
Have lit their torches at her hallow'd bier,

Or place me in the burning zone, baa 919117

my nigga

Or where the icegales sadly moan; is ou And light her spirit through the shades of death.

Still will each vainly act its part, Methinks in heaven the glorious accents roll, While God alone reigns in my heart.1919 al

While saints congratulate their kindred guest, "O! happy! happy !--more than happy soul,, but

Beaconsfield, 'WL 140 7691 Igiliye

had al 22hA2201 22017: A: B.. « Welcome!-thrice welcome to eternal r ygos

1. Innocence is its own protection on whatever Leeds, January 26th, 1829.

situation it may be placed.



morial San NOWO


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church by the Reformation, when he republishes his gospel, purified and cleansed from the dross and stubble of popery, condensed into a more

portable size by the recent invention of printing. Nebuchadnezzar, Daniel, and St. Jolin, and become more digestible by its emancipation

from the burdensome rites and ceremonies of the Roman church. The Angel with the everlasting

gospel. The wider diffusion of pure Christianity frodes se 2990 So many unsuccessful attempts have been by the doctrines of the Reformation, at which the

session of the Ancient of days, or the Father's made to explain prophecy, that we can

| judgment upon the papacy, began.--The Angel

announcing the fall of Babylon. The rapid

decline of the papacy in Germany, England, and whenever any new effort professes to excite Hollan

Holland, and in other parts of the two prætorial prefectures of the pope, by the fire and thunder of

the two Gallic witnesses. The third Angel. The Few writers have hitherto appeared in

loud and vehement protestations of the Gallic and Italian witnesses against the interference of the regal decemvirate of the Cæsars in the church, and their impious assumption of God's authority, by which the rights of royalty and priesthood set. tled upon every christian, by the blood of the

new testament, in religious matters, is tyrannias a natural consequence, though the rea.

cally infringed.-The Angel out of the temple. nclu. Luther, and the other reformers, who, by their

publie outeries against the abuses of the pa pacy, neous.

provoke to action the instruments of tbe Son of Man in the subsequent religious wars, and gathering of the saints out of the Roman church, The

Angel with the sharp sickle. The active carnal a preconcerted hypothesis, to which that

instruments of God's judgments on the overthrow interpretation must be made subservient. of Antichristian power. - The Angel which had

power over fire. The true witnesses of God, who, before or during the grand catastrophes of the drama of prophecy by the possession of the pure truth, hold the principles of ferment within them.

selves, which they can let loose at pleasure on a the arrival of events to which the predic- 18 tions refer, the most plausible theory that l instrumenter and took to action the cartal

instruments of God's judgments. The seven

Angels with the seven last plagues. The seven has been advanced, is little better than

series of Reformers in the Christo - Judaical probable conjecture.

church, the real inventives of the woes brought upon the decemviral Cæsariate by their seven thunders of the pure word, and bold asser

tion of civil and religious liberty to God's heritage. . the following particulars. 10 ributors

-The Angel with great power. Our blessed Lord's

manifestation by the Reformation. A mighty

e murderer from the Angel with a great stone. The sudden and violent beginning, put for Muhammed, and the khalifs, fall of the Roman cburches, -The Angel in the his successors, the commanders of the faithful.- sun. The more brilliant display of the truth of Abyss, or bottomless pit. The world, whatever in Christianity, and of its purity, and irresistible it is earthly, sensual, devilish. Adultery. Idola- appeal to mankind for their reception of it. The try mixed with the worship of the true God. Angel with the key of the bottomless pit. The Air. The whole world,- Ältar. The altar, i. e. probable visible appearance of our Lord on the fall of incense, put for the sanetuary in which it stood. of Antichrist, at whose presence all evil will dissi. The christian church on earth,Horns of the pate as darkness before the sun, when the just

shall also appear with him in glory with incorA presiding minister or priest, or succession of ruptible bodies, no longer subject to the dominion 2 them, put also for the body over which he pre. of sin."-p. 1 to 64.

sides.-The seven Angels. The seven presiding
ministers of the seven churches in the Lydian In furnishing the above words and
Asia. The four Angels standing on the four
corners of the earth. The four chief ministers of phrases in connexion with the author's
the Roman empire, the Prætorian Prefects. - The Linterpretation of them, we do not pretend
seven Angels with the Trumpets. The seven
10successive series of the true preachers of autho. I to have quoted all that he has advanced

rized Christianity from the adoption of our holy on each topic. Our aim was, to set before
religion by Constantine, A.D. 312, to the second

in im

of his s coming of Christ. The Angel with the Censer,

Our Lord's aecession to the ligh-priesthood of the manner, for in a similar way he proceeds
Roman empire, in the room of the Roman pagan through all the letters of the alphabet.

pontiff, whose office liad been before filled by the
1. Cæsars. The Angel of the bottomless pit. The explaining in order, the various terms to
prince of this world, put for Muhammed and the

letic series of khalifs his successors, who were stars or

writings. On some of these his remarks Tuangels, i. e. priests, and prinees, and abaddons,

ommanders of are brief, while others lead bim to range the Faithful, and the Emirs of Emir's.-The four Angels bound on the great river Euphrates. The four dynasties, or people of Turks : 1. The Seljukians 2. The Atabecks: 3. The Kharis

From a cursory glance on the terms mains and 4. The Ottomans, in possession of the bPrætorian Præfecture of the East. Why they are

and passages cited above, it must be ob. called angels, and not kings, may be from the | vious, that many have no other foundation priestly character of their sultans. -The mighty

ty than that which gratuitous assumption supAngel with a rainbow on his head. Our Lord's ræfeetu (extraordinary manifestation and visitation of his plies. Scripture authority is indeed brought -ugels, and more character of thes. vith a rainbow @ linary manifestatsta

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forth in every case, to support the author's , if St. John saw HEAVEN OPENED towards the

close of the prophetic drama (Rev. xix. 11.) to interpretation, but in too many instances

which we are now arrived, it is plain that heaven it is to the sanctions of fancy, that he is must have been before shut; and if heaven was to indebted for their application. On other

be opened at some time or other, to whom is it more

likely that the key of the mysteries of that kingoccasions, however, his observations and

dom should be given, than to that person, who, reasonings assume a more favourable as

twice in the prophecy of our blessed Lord, (Rev.

xiii. 18; xvii. 9.) is declared to be possessed of the pect, • They evince much learning, an gift capable of opening it?"- Preface. intimate acquaintance with various branches and bearings of prophecy, and a

These strong and strange pretensions commendable industry in acquiring means

require no comment. The author who for the elucidation of their obscurities,

fancies himself to possess the wonderful accompanied with a consciousness of the

qualifications which they obviously imply, difficulties he has to encounter, and an

must be privileged to write any thing; and unwearied perseverance in pursuing the

he who can credit his claim, must be preobjects of his research.

pared to swallow whatever he may advance. But although we thus commend the | In both cases there can be no want either author for his assiduity, and give him the of credulity or presumption, though there utmost credit for his sincerity, we cannot may be a trifling deficiency in modesty, always congratulate him on the success | prudence, and common decorum. Forof his exertions. His reasonings are some | tune, however, is always said to favour the times rendered obscure and indistinct by

| bold; and if this be correct, our author bids the mystery in which they appear to be

fair to be successful. involved ; and not unfrequently they conduct us through crooked paths to conclusions

Review.-Mulamen and Callacles, or * of a doubtful, if not of a novel character.

Optics without material Light, Rays, Thus we are told in page 201, that, “The

und Refraction. In Eight Dialogues, Revelations being that part of the testa

8vo. pp. 147. Longman. London. ment of our blessed Lord last given out

1828. by him, it is a key to all the phrases which he had before used, concerning the eternal We live in an age abounding with théo. punishment of the wicked in hell-fire,

ries, some of which are recommended to where their worm dieth not, and the fire notice by the erudition, ingenuity, and is not quenched, which he here (Rev. xx. profundity of research displayed by their 14, 15.) explains to be the eternal loss of

authors; others by their novelty and boldeternal life, by an eternal destruction or

ness; and not a few by their extravagance nonentity."

and absurdity. To which of these classes For peculiarities in this volume we were the work before us belongs, the reader somewhat prepared, by the following in must judge, when we lay before him an troductory sentence in the preface. «To | analysis of its contents. the discovery of the name, and number of l By the moderns, the author observés, the name, of the Apocalyptic beast of St.

| light is held to be a body propagated by John, which we completed on January

rays, &c. ; but if such be in reality its the ninth, in the eighteen hundred and nature, how, it may be asked, is it ob

twenty-eighth year of the Christian era, scured? If you put out the candle, or · after it had escaped the ingenuity of near

shut up the windows, the light is extinct. eighteen centuries, this book owes its

What has become of all the solid particles origin." This, without doubt, is suffi

that had poured on us from the sun or ciently definite. Not only the year, but candle, illumining the apartment? If they also the month, and even the day of the were really light itself, must they not be month, is assigned ; and confiding in his

annihilated! And what is there to execute important discovery, the author might very such a miracle on material substances ? naturally infer that for him was reserved We are told, light may be stopped at that flood of light which “ opens heaven,"

one place and moment, and let pass at the in the volume now under inspection. Full next, and therefore it has parts, and must of this conviction, Mr. Addis proceeds

be a body. Just so, the author argues, as follows:

sound and weight must have parts, and be

material substances. ** We hope that those learned men, who have As to rays in such immense multitudes already formed an opinion upon some doctrinal

flying in all possible directions, to and other points, concerning which we have

and thought proper to treat in this volume, may not be from every object in nature, passing and so prejudiced against pew lights, as to reject

repassing along the same lines, and even without examination the opinions of one who is possessed of such good credentials as we are. For through the same pores of bodies, at 128.- VOL. XI.

3 B

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same time, how is it possible they could | means of the stick. He ascribes it to agimove for a moment without clashing with tation, that bodies are put into a state one another and with things around, and capable of appearing luminous, and also so putting every thing into confusion ! of feeling hot. But the two sensations are The particles, too, being elastic, would be derived in different ways : that of heat for ever dancing round us at random, like by a similar agitation communicated to motes in the air, without any determinate our bodies; but that of light, by simply motion. Even if free from all interrup | placing the eye in presence of the lumition, it is hard to conceive how rays, or nous or agitated object. streams of particles, could either convey Our author now enters on the science or depict images of any kind at the bot- itself of optics; and in the first dialogue tom of the eye, or any where else; but that shews that the surfaces of all distinct media they should do so amidst such confusion, act as double mirrors, reflecting things is absurd past all conception; and still both within and without; and consemore so, that we should be able to see quently cannot transmit them; and that we any thing distinctly. Nay, if our organs cannot, as commonly supposed, see into were of iron, they would be blown to water, or other transparent medium, nor shivers by an influx of solid pellets pierc- discover any thing in or through such, exing them through and through at all obli. cept by means of its image on the surface. quities with such violence.

Even objects in air are only seen at second They tell us, too, that light is not only a hand by means of the image on the eye, body, but a composition of all colours ; , and those in, or beyond other media, at then colours, too, must be bodies ; else third or fourth hand, by help of like how can they constitute bodies? Nay, images on the intervening surface, and shadows, too, must be substances; for finally copied on the eye. It is in admitcolours are but shades of light.

ting these transcriptions of images from It is then shewn that light is not propa one surface to another, that transparency gated by impulse, undulation, or motion consists. of any thing, or of any kind; but by re Farther, an object in water appears flection on such proper surfaces as merely nearer than it is on the perpendicular view, present themselves.

and in a different direction also on the · Light and shade are equally necessary oblique view. This too is a deception. to vision: by neither, separately, can aught What we see is the image on the water, be distinguished. A column of smoke which being less vivid, from the objects seen before a dark cloud appears white; being in a medium darker than air, apbefore a light one, black; and before one pears not to be on the surface, but below, of the same shade with itself, is not seen and there being mistaken for the object, at all.

the latter is imagined to appear nearer But it will be said, there is some dif than it is, on this direct view; and in conference between light and shade. If you sequence of this again, it appears in a difbring an opaque body into light, you pro- ferent direction also, on the oblique view; duce a shade; but you would not produce and so far out of the direction of the ob light by plunging it into darkness. No, ject, that the line of vision, continued nor would you produce shade by plunging through the image on the surface, makes, it into general luminousness. But we at that image, an angle with a line from know of no such luminousness : all light the object to the same image, equal onewith us is partial, lighting only one side fourth of the angle, at which the eye has of the object, leaving the rest dark by declined from the perpendicular; i. e. as contrast. General light would no more others talk, making the angle of refraction help us to see, than darkness. The neces- one-fourth of the angle of incidence; for in sary conclusion is, light has no existence, that proportion the object appears nearer, but an optical one, an apparent existence, and the image farther off, than they are; and is therefore neither more nor less than and that because in the same ratio the an ocular sensation, as heat and sound dimming effect of water is greater than are sensations of feeling and hearing. that of air. The chalogue ends with an Would the sun then cease to shine, if all experiment which seems to afford ocular creatures were deprived of sight ?'Uno demonstration, that neither in the candle. doubtedly; to shine is to exhibit a lumin- light, in 'water experiment, nor that of the bus appearance, and what appearance can ray in the box, which have always been there be, where nothing does appear? It | deemed the main buttresses of refraction, is the eye that makes the sun luminous to does any such operation take place: the us, as therl' fiddle is made musical by | whole is founded on mistake. Winita

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Dial. II, What regulates transmission so the inverted picture of the candle through inclined surfaces is not the sign of at the focus of the lens, is the spectrum the angle of incidence; but the angle at or shadow of this image on the glass, which the surfaces are inclined to each thrown forward by the strong light behind, other. The image on the glass must devi- like the figures of the magic lantern. This ate so far from the line of direct vision, fact, while it shews the true nature of the that the angle which the object and image spectrum, is conclusive also as to the make at the eye, together with that which actual existence of the image on the glass. the eye and image make at the object, Just so is the picture on the retina, the may equal the inclination of surfaces; a spectrum of the image on the comea, law which no rays could respect; because, which image is always erect. Objects to the observance depends on the position of the eye never are inverted; for though the eye, as well as object. If the eye is we see with the eye, we do not see through within focal distance, all things are seen in it. But the spectrum is inverted at the directions converging to the lens; if at the second focus. No eye, however, can see focus, in parallel directions, and if beyond, its own retina, nor consequently the picture in direetions converging thither. If this there. It is true, when that picture is were the work of rays, they must be con- most perfect, things are seen most disvergent, parallel, and divergent at the tinctly; but it does not follow that the same time, and at all times. Can there spectrum is what we see. The truth is, then, the author asks, be more than one when the latter is most perfect, the retina opinion on the subject?

is exactly at focal distance, and then the To help them over this difficulty, phi- image on the pupil is most vivid ; because losophers were ingenious enough to fabri- the chamber of the eye is most dark. cate pencils of rays, which our author So much for the philosophic dream of thinks could afford no aid whatever, if it our seeing all things inverted. It is no were possible for such queer things to vulgar error, the vulgar have always exist. He looks on them with such looked on it as a joke, and laughed at it; ineffable contempt, that he thinks them while the learned have been exercising not worth confuting; they sufficiently con- | their wits in vain to account for it. All fute themselves. :

know the tale of the fish that was of no Again, on the old principles, all things, weight in water, and the sage consultation however near, seen through the convex said to be thereupon holden. Fortunately lens, affect the eye as if they were really the scales settled that point by shewing at an infinite distance, and even further : that the fish, as well as tub and water, a position so repugnant to common sense, was in rotation with the earth. To asceru as well as common experience, that rather tain facts and principles before we build than assent to it, the learned Tacquet, after systems on them, would save much idle publishing his Optics, did actually re- speculation and dispute. nounce the very principles on which his Dial. iv. On the same principles of the work was founded, when he reflected on image on the surface, and observing the this absurdity, in which they nécessarily angle of the prism, are the phenomena involve their advocates; and on this sub of the latter fully explained; while the ject Dr. Barrow observes, « there is some-protuberance of the field, its arched form thing here that lies deeply hid in the and various contractions, dilatations, and subtlety of nature, which perhaps cannot velocities, in different positions of the glass, be discovered, till we understand the nature &c. are all particularly explained, and of vision more perfectly.” The author shewn to be incompatible with refraction.' thinks this passage oracular.

Dial. y. Light, instead of being of all {vs Dial, ill. Distant objects are not in-colours, is proved to be of none, nor capa. verted at the second focus, but at the first. ble of any, but by means of shade. Be Their images are seen inverted on the glass, it what it may, colours are always darker and must have come thither in that state. than it. And how is light to be obscured The parts cross at the first focus, on per- without shade? Seen through the smoke pendiculars to the second surface, as being of a large town, the sun appears red. there reflected on themselves, after being What is this redness, but shaded light ? excluded from the first surface, when the Here then is ocular demonstration in (paeye and object become too remote to ture, that colour is not pure light, but observe the angle of the lens; as fully light coloured by shade, or shade coloured explained in the diagram. These things by light. So when we look with the again could not possibly consist with re-prism on a cross-bar of the window, which fracted rays.

is in shade, as seen against the light, its

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